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Trading Presentation Trading Presentation Presentation Transcript

  • UK: PATTERN OF TRADE Jenny G and Caro
  • Location Country in Northern Hemisphere Used to have British Colonies around the world In the European Union (trading group) Considered an MEDC UK is comprised of England, Scotland, Northern Ireland, Wales
  • The UK
  • IMPORTS Overall, 60% of U merchandise imports and exports are with the EU 53% of UK imports come from just 7 countries: USA, Germany, Netherlands, France, China, Belgium and Norway
  • Exports UK merchandise for exports are traditionally destined for the US, Germany, France, Belgium and the Netherlands (all European MEDCs) All exports to European MEDCs, apart from China
  • International Trade (In order of magnitude) Exports Imports Most Oil Vehicles Vehicles Oil Pharmaceuticals Miscellaneous manufactured goods Power generating equipment Telecoms Electrical Machinery Office machinery Industrial Machinery Electrical machinery Transport equipment Clothing Organic chemicals Pharmaceuticals Least Office machinery Power generating equipment
  • Main Trading Partners Where UK imports come from: Where UK exports go: Germany US US Germany France France China Netherlands Netherlands
  • Trade Gap Worsening Official figures show exports falling despite the weakening of the sterling. Sterling around 25% weaker than before the credit crunch. Instead of benefiting from the weakness of the currency, exports of goods fell in January by £1.4 bn (almost 7%). With imports falling, much less sharply the trade deficit widened by £1bn. Total UK exports = £32.6 bn Total UK imports = £36.3 bn
  • BRAZIL Jayne, , Huynh and JZ (Happy Birthday)
  • LOCATION Eastern South America, bordering the Atlantic Ocean Largest country in South America; shares common boundaries with every South American country except Chile and Ecuador Natural resources: bauxite, gold, iron ore, manganese, nickel, phosphates, platinum, tin, uranium, petroleum, hydropower, timber
  • IMPORTS Commercial services- one-fifth of the total value of imports (2006). Imports: $136 billion (2009 est.) Import commodities: machinery, electrical and transport equipment, chemical products, oil, automotive parts, electronics US 14.9%, China 11.6%, Argentina 7.9%, Germany 7% (2008)
  • EXPORTS South and Central America is Brazil’s most important export market for manufactured goods. Primary products such as foodstuffs and mineral ores, with little added value, compromised 47% of all exports in 2007. Export primary products mainly to Europe and North America. Commercial services are just 11.5% of all exports.
  • CONTINUED... GDP per capita $10,200 (2009 est.) (104th compared to the rest of the world) Industries: textiles, shoes, chemicals, cement, lumber, iron ore, tin, steel, aircraft, motor vehicles and parts, other machinery and equipment Exports $158.9 billion (2009 est.) 24th in the world Export commodities: transport equipment, iron ore, soybeans, footwear, coffee, autos. US 13.7%, Argentina 8.7%, China 8.1%, Netherlands 5.2%, Germany 4.4% (2008)
  • TRADE PARTNERS/ TRADE GROUPS 75% of Brazil’s exports and 60% of imports were with South and Central America, North America and Europe. Trade with Brazil’s neighbours is promoted by membership of MERCOSUR which created a free trade zone among it’s members.
  • TRADE ISSUES Brazil experienced two quarters of recession, as global demand for Brazil's commodity-based exports declined and external credit dried up. However, Brazil was one of the first emerging markets to begin a recovery. Consumer and investor confidence revived and GDP growth returned to positive in the second quarter, 2009. The Central Bank expects growth of 5% for 2010. Possible future: MERCOSUR will link up with NAFTA
  • BOLIVIA By Olivia and Meriel
  • LOCATION Bolivia, officially known as : The Plurinational State of Bolivia, is a landlocked country in central South America. It is bordered by Brazil to the north and east, Paraguay and Argentina to the south, and Chile and Peru to the west. At 1,098,580 square kilometres (424,160 sq mi), Bolivia is the world's 28th-largest country
  • IMPORTS Imports are $4.166 billion (2009 est.) Country comparison to the world: 116 Import Commodities: petroleum products, plastics, paper, aircraft and aircraft parts, prepared foods, automobiles, insecticides, soybeans Import Partners: Brazil 29.4% Argentina 15.7% US 10.1% Chile 9.1%
  • EXPORTS Exports: $4.837 billion (2009 est.) Country comparison to the world: 104 Expor t Commodities: natural gas, soybeans and soy products, cr ude petroleum, zinc ore, tin Expor t Par teners: Brazil 60.1% US 8.3% Japan 4.1%
  • TRADE GROUPS Bolivia is a member of the Andean Community, a trae bloc whose others members are Colombia, Peru and Equador. Bolivia is also an associated member of Mercosur. This was an important fact in the development of its trade with Brazil in particular, as membership provides for significant trading advantages.
  • OTHER TRADE ISSUES Brazil is the dominant economy in South America and now Bolivia’s major trade partner About 30% of Bolivia’s exports to the USA, this is because USA made a deal witht Bolivia to buy their primary products in return to bomb their drug fields. Small trade surplus considering importing manufactured goods and exporting primary goods