Location• Iceland is a large volcanic island in the North Atlantic with a small population comparable in size to cities.• Icelanders enjoy one of the highest standards of living in the world, with high incomes, a clean environment and excellent services such as health care.
Main one of the most Attractions Tourist• Blue Lagoon is visited places in Iceland. Its water is believed to be the most supernatural on earth. It is a geothermal spa• The water in the lagoon is 2000m deep, it is warm all year, never dropping below 36 degrees.• The water is rich in mineral salts - silica and blue green algae. These are believed to be beneﬁcial to your health and wellbeing.
More Attractions• Reykjavik has beneﬁted from its reputation as a chic centre for nightlife.• Gullfoss geyser is a magniﬁcent waterfall.• Thingvellir is a stunning rift valley and the site of the world’s ﬁrst parliament.• Another natural tourist attraction is the West Fjords where tourists go to watch the northern lights.
How has tourism helped development?• Tourism has helped Iceland develop massively over the years.• The industry is expanding with the help of government promotion of the country’s magniﬁcent natural attractions such as volcanoes, whale watching, glaciers etc.
Main Tourist AttractionsIn London there are many famous sites, both historic andmodern, such as Buckingham Palace, Oxford Street and theLondon Eye. These are human attractions.Physical tourist attractions include seaside resorts along thecoast such as Cornwall, Devon and Blackpool and well as theScottish Highlands.The Lake District and the Peak District also attract a significantnumber of nature enthusiasts from abroad and within the UK.
Tourism is a significant industry in the UK. There were 30million visits to the UK in 2005.Tourism accounts for 3.5% of the UK economy as 2 million jobsare directly and indirectly generated from tourist activities.Tourism accounts for 8% of the UK’s GDP and 13% ofemployment.Recently the UK has been a more attractive tourist destinationfor EU citizens due to the Euro crisis resulting in it beingcheaper for them to travel.
According to Visit Britain, total spending in 2010 by inboundtourists alone (not including UK residents) totalled £16.9billion.The value of the tourism industry in Britain is £115 billion.Tourism contributes £96.7 billion to the economy in England,£11.1 billion in Scotland, £6.2 billion in Wales and £1.5 billionin Northern Ireland.As incomes abroad have risen, more people want to visit the UKthus suggesting that the demand for UK tourism will continue toincrease in the future.
Cornwall Tourist IndustryTourism accounts for 29% of employment in Cornwall, which isthe highest in the UK.Visits to The Tate St. Ives, The Eden Project and the NationalMaritime Museum Cornwall, bring in substantial revenuebecause of their established reputation resulting in both internaland external tourism.Between 1992 and 2003 total visits increased from 3.4 millionto 5.1 million and total tourist spending rose from £623 millionto £1216 million.
The OlympicsThe Olympics, taking place later in 2012, has meant that manydevelopment projects have been built, for example the newshopping centre Westfield has been built in Stratford City closeto the Olympic park. This project has been funded using a loanthat is hoped to be re-payed from income generated fromolympic tourism. Tube lines have also been upgraded in order tocope with an increase in capacity.
The Eden ProjectThe Eden Project is located in Cornwall and has a vast collectionof plants from all around the world. It it made up of domes eachof which emulates a different biome. The first is a tropical biomeand the second Mediterranean. The project took 2 and a halfyears to build and was opened to the public in 2001. Since itsopening, 9.5 million people have visited the Eden Project.
ImprovementsImprovements of areas such as Stratford in East London due tothe upcoming Olympic games. Stadiums have been built and thearea has been developed and upgraded the standard of living forlocal residents. The tube system upgrades are alsoimprovements made due to the Olympics benefiting Londoners.These development projects have provided employmentopportunities for locals as a result of government spending forexample construction workers, engineers and stewards at theOlympic events.
Where is Thailand?• Thailand is a country located at the centre of the Indochina peninsula in Southeast Asia. It borders the north by Burma and Laos to the east byLoad and Cambodia. To the south by the Gulf of Thailand and Malaysia.• Thailand is the world’s 51st largest country in terms of total area, and is the 21’st most populous country with about 64 million people• Thailands biggest and largest city Bangkok, which is Thailand’s political, commercial and industrial cultural hub
Thailand’s main tourist attractions• Physical: hundreds of tropicalislands, sandy beaches, diving sites, exceptional ﬂora and bird life, tropical wet and dry weather or savannah climate.• Cultural: archaeological sites, museums, hill tripes, palaces, a huge amount of buddhist temples, several world heritage sites, Thailand’s famous festivals, ﬂoating markets, Thai cuisine• Some famous destinations include, Ayutthaya, Pattaya, Bangkok, Phuket, Krabi, Chiang Mai and Ko Samui
Facts• Thailand’s tourism contributed to an estimated 6.7% of its GDP in 2007• In 1969 international tourists numbered just 469,000; by 2005 this ﬁgure had grown to just over 11.5 million which was higher than any other country in the Asia- paciﬁc excluding China.• In general terms, the rapid growth of Thailand’s international tourism industry is explained by two factors: rising income in MEDC’s and reduced cost of air travel.
Tourism in Thailand• In recent years international terrorism has declined slightly, due the 2004 tsunami and bird ﬂu.• Because of the country’s devastating ﬂoods a loss of 800 million dollars was estimated to Thailand tourism industry.• Between 1975 and 2005 the number of international tourist increased ninefold and GDP per capita rose sevenfold over the same period of time.
Responsible tourism in Thailand• responsible tourism is tourism that develops in a manor that minimises negative impacts on local communities. It promotes a respect for indigenous culture- tries to minimise negative environmental impacts of tourists.