What is tobacco?Tobacco is the plant (Nicotianatabacum ) of the nightshade familythat yields leaves which are which arecured by a process of drying andfermentation for smoking orchewing, native to tropical America.
• There are approximate 1 billion smokers in the world today, according to WHO.• 80% of these tobacco users live in underdeveloped or developing countries.
• Tobacco kills nearly 6 million people annually.• More than 5 million of these are users or ex-users.• More than 600,000 people die annually from second-hand smoke.
• In the 20th century, tobacco use killed 100 million people.• If the current rate of tobacco related death continues, the death toll for the 21th century can be over 1 billion.
Smoking Chewing• Cigarette smoking is the • Smokeless tobacco is not a leading cause of preventable safe alternative to smoking death in the United States. cigarettes• Smoking can cause heart • Chewing tobacco can cause diseases, and breathing cancer, oral health related diseases. problems, and nicotine• Smoking causes many types addiction. of cancers, including cancers • Using smokeless tobacco may of the also cause heart disease, gum throat, lungs, mouth, nasal disease, and oral lesions other cavity, esophagus, stomach, p than cancer, such ancreas, kidney, bladder, and as leukoplakia (precancerous cervix, and acute myeloid white patches in the mouth) leukemia.
Cigarettes havemultiplepoisons, includingaddictivenicotine, carbonmonoxide, “tars” andhydrogen cyanide.There are 4,000 otherchemicals of varyingtoxicity, including 43known carcinogens.
Lung Cancer & Smoking• Tobacco use accounts for at least 30% of all cancer deaths and 80% of lung cancer deaths.• More people die from lung cancer than any other type of cancer.• Lung cancer begins in the lungs and may spread to lymph nodes or other organs in the body, such as the brain• Cigarette smoking is the number one cause of lung cancer. Lung cancer also can be caused by using other types of tobacco (such as pipes or cigars), breathing secondhand smoke, being exposed to substances such as asbestos or radon at home or work, and having a family history of lung cancer
SYMPTOMS OF LUNG CANCEREarly lung cancer may not cause Other symptoms that may alsoany symptoms. Symptoms occur with lung cancer, often independ on the type of cancer the late stages:you have, but may include: • Bone pain or tenderness• Chest pain • Eyelid drooping• Cough that doesnt go away • Facial paralysis• Coughing up blood • Hoarseness or changing voice• Fatigue • Joint pain• Losing weight without trying • Nail problems• Loss of appetite • Shoulder pain• Shortness of breath • Swallowing difficulty• Wheezing • Swelling of the face or arms • Weakness
• There are a few ways to treat cancer: – Chemotherapy – Radiation – SurgeryHowever, if the cancer is not found early enough, it ismore than likely that treatment will not be possible.
HEART PROBLEMS & SMOKINGA person’s risk of heart attack greatlyincreases with the number of cigarettes heor she smokes. There is no safe amount ofsmoking. Smokers continue to increasetheir risk of heart attack the longer theysmoke. People who smoke a pack ofcigarettes a day have more than twice therisk of heart attack than nonsmokers.
SYMPTOMS OF A HEART ATTACK• Angina: Chest pain or discomfort in the center of the chest. It is sometimes mistakenly thought to be indigestion or heartburn.• Pain or discomfort in other areas of the upper body including the arms, left shoulder, back, neck, jaw, or stomach• Difficulty breathing or shortness of breath• Sweating or “cold sweat”• Fullness, indigestion, or choking feeling (may feel like “heartburn”)• Nausea or vomiting• Light-headedness, dizziness, extreme weakness or anxiety• Rapid or irregular heart beats
The best way to prevent tobaccorelated disease is to stop tobaccousage.Tobacco related diseases are theleading cause of preventabledeath.
QuittingQuitting may seem difficult but there ismuch support that is available.There are many different organizationsdesigned to help quit smoking.
• There are nicotine patches and gum that is easily available to help with the nicotine addiction.• There are programs similar to Alcoholics Anonymous that can be easily found. These help make quitting easier.
• You can easily find steps for planning how to quit smoking if you don’t know where to start.• Many websites have been set up just to help people quit smoking.
• There are a number of hotlines that can be contacted for help with quitting.• One example is 1-800-NO BUTTS This is the California Smokers’ Helpline.
The following were used as sources for information. All info and statistics can be found on the following websites:• Tobaccofreeca.com • Cdc.gov• Cancer.org • Cancer.gov• Who.int • Drugabuse.gov• Tobacco.org • Ncbi.nlm.nih.gov• Fda.gov • Lung-cancer.com• Abovetheinflence.com • My.clevelandclinic.org
Question 1How many smokerare there in the worldtoday?
ANSWER 1There areapproximately 1billion smokers inthe world today
Question 2How many lives doestobacco takeannually?
ANSWER 2Tobacco kills nearly 1million people eachyear.
Question 3How many non-smokers are killed bytobacco annually?
ANSWER 3Tobacco kills nearly 1million people eachyear.
Question 4How many non-smokers are killed bytobacco annually?