Pp7a the rise_of_christianity
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Pp7a the rise_of_christianity Presentation Transcript

  • 1. The Rise of Christianity Ronald Wiltse 2007
  • 2. A. Introduction: What is the Bible? 1. The Old Testament
  • 3. A. Introduction: What is the Bible? 1. The Old Testament 2. The New Testament Jewish Bible (Old Testament) + New Testament Christian Bible  Jewish Bible called the Old Testament by Christians  Jewish Bible was the Bible for Jesus and early Christians
  • 4. 1. The core Jews lived in Palestine. B. Judaism was a thorn in the Roman Empire.
  • 5. 1. The core Jews lived in Palestine. 2. Other Jews were dispersed throughout the Roman Empire (the Diaspora). B. Judaism was a thorn in the Roman Empire.
  • 6. Those pesky Jews . . . Israel in the eastern Roman Empire Israel in the eastern Roman Empire
  • 7. The Jews lived not only in Palestine, but elsewhere: Where the Jews lived In the Empire
  • 8. Ejecting the Jews from Palestine: the diaspora The record on the Arch of Titus
  • 9. Ejecting the Jews from Palestine: the diaspora The record on the Arch of Titus
  • 10. …Jesus is born in Bethleham. Adoration of the Magi, by Giorgione (National Gallery, Washington)
  • 11. 1. Who did Jesus say he was? C. Who was Jesus?
  • 12. 1. Who did Jesus say he was? a. the Son of God C. Who was Jesus?
  • 13. 1. Who did Jesus say he was? a. the Son of God b. the Christ C. Who was Jesus?
  • 14. 1. Who did Jesus say he was? a. the Son of God b. the Christ/the Messiah C. Who was Jesus?
  • 15. 1. Who did Jesus say he was? a. the Son of God b. the Christ/the Messiah 2. His mission: C. Who was Jesus?
  • 16. 1. Who did Jesus say he was? a. the Son of God b. the Christ/the Messiah 2. His mission: to bring humans back to God C. Who was Jesus?
  • 17. 1. Who did Jesus say he was? a. the Son of God b. the Christ/the Messiah 2. His mission: to bring humans back to God 3. His method: C. Who was Jesus?
  • 18. 1. Who did Jesus say he was? a. the Son of God b. the Christ/the Messiah 2. His mission: to bring humans back to God 3. His method: listening to the Father C. Who was Jesus?
  • 19. Jesus learning carpentry from his father painting by Holman Hunt
  • 20. Jesus found, about his Father’s business painting by Edward Millais
  • 21. Jesus told parables The Prodigal Son, by Rembrandt
  • 22. D. Jesus was executed by the Romans.
  • 23. Jesus Rising from His grave Painting by Mattias Gruenewald
  • 24. E. The early church was founded by Jesus’ followers.
  • 25. E. The early church was founded by Jesus’ followers. 1. At first all Christians were Jews.
  • 26. Paul on his way to Damascus is blinded and hears a voice Michelangelo, Conversion of St. Paul
  • 27. Paul on his way to Damascus is blinded and hears a voice Carravaggio, The Conversion Of Paul
  • 28. E. The early church was founded by Jesus’ followers. 1. At first all Christians were Jews. 2. Then, Christian leaders included all people (Paul and the separation from Judaism).
  • 29. The Church leaders decide the message of Jesus is for all people, not just Jews. For 250 years, Christian missionaries could travel peacefully throughout the Empire. Why? For 250 years, Christian missionaries could travel peacefully throughout the Empire. Why? he fullness of time God sent His Son . . .” Paul, in his letter to the Galat
  • 30. Paul helps spread the Good News across the Roman Empire. Paul’s first and Second Missionary Journeys Paul’s 1st & 2nd Missionary Journeys
  • 31. F. In the second century the Church went through two fundamental changes, rejecting salvation by grace in favor of salvation by
  • 32. F. In the second century the Church went through two fundamental changes, rejecting salvation by grace in favor of salvation by 1. good behavior, and
  • 33. F. In the second century the Church went through two fundamental changes, rejecting salvation by grace in favor of salvation by 1. good behavior, and 2. correct knowledge
  • 34. G. The Christian church overcame its opponents.
  • 35. G. The Christian church overcame its opponents. 1.The Roman government sometimes persecuted Christians.
  • 36. G. The Christian church overcame its opponents. 1.The Roman government sometimes persecuted Christians. a. the fish symbol
  • 37. Christian symbols develop . . .
  • 38. Christian symbols develop . . . Jesus Christ, Son of God, Savior 
  • 39. Christian symbols develop . . . Jesus Christ, Son of God, Savior 
  • 40. Christian symbols develop . . . Jesus Christ, Son of God, Savior 
  • 41. G. The Christian church overcame its opponents. 1.The Roman government sometimes persecuted Christians. a. the fish symbol b. the cross symbol
  • 42. G. The Christian church overcame its opponents. 1.The Roman government sometimes persecuted Christians. a. the fish symbol b. the cross symbol c. the Chi-Rho symbol
  • 43. Christian symbols develop . . .
  • 44. Christian symbols develop . . .
  • 45. G. The Christian church overcame its opponents. 2. the Church Fathers overcame Hellenistic philosophy.
  • 46. G. The Christian church overcame its opponents. 2. the Church Fathers overcame Hellenistic philosophy. 3. Emperor Constantine made Christianity the favored religion of the state.
  • 47. G. The Christian church overcame its opponents. 2. the Church Fathers overcame Hellenistic philosophy. 3. Emperor Constantine made Christianity the favored religion of the state. a. Now the church became wealthy and powerful.
  • 48. Constantine: By this you shall conquer From the papal apartments, Vatican City
  • 49. Constantine: legality, the challenge of wealth, and the challenge to the Pope Medieval people believed that this was Constantine (the only Roman equestrian statue to survive from ancient times). Actually, it is Marcus Aurelius.
  • 50. …A Converted British Family Sheltering a Christian Priest from the Druids painting by Holman Hunt
  • 51. The double-edged sword: accepting Constantine’s offer of wealth The Road Leading Downhill Into Rome, over which St. Peter’s Basilica was built so that the spot believed to be where Peter was buried would be under the altar.
  • 52. Geopolitics: the influence of geography on political events
  • 53. Where is the best geopolitical location for Constantine’s new capital?
  • 54. Where is the best geopolitical location for Constantine’s new capital?
  • 55. The geopolitical location of choice: the entrance to the Bosphorus The Black SeaThe Black Sea The Aegean SeaThe Aegean Sea
  • 56. The geopolitical location of choice: the entrance to the Bosphorus The Black SeaThe Black Sea The Aegean SeaThe Aegean Sea
  • 57. The geopolitical location of choice: the entrance to the BosphorusThe Black Sea The Bosphorus Today
  • 58. The geopolitical location of choice: the entrance to the Bosphorus
  • 59. The geopolitical location of choice: the entrance to the Bosphorus Where along the Bosphorus is the best location?
  • 60. The geopolitical location of choice: the entrance to the Bosphorus Here. Why?
  • 61. The exact place: south of the Golden Horn Why is this such a good place geopolitically?
  • 62. Rome versus Constantinople: the universal church versus the correct church (catholic) (orthodox) Church division after 325
  • 63. G. The Christian church overcame its opponents. 2. the Church Fathers overcame Hellenistic philosophy. 3. Emperor Constantine made Christianity the favored religion of the state. a. Now the church became wealthy and powerful. b. The church eventually became a persecutor of others.
  • 64. H. The church turned against Jews.