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  • 1. INDIAN CONTRIBUTION Sciences & Technology Arunesh Chand Mankotia
  • 2. AIM The aim of this presentation is to understand & underline the role of Indian Sub-continent in the field of Science (categorized into Natural, Physical & Applied Sciences), and Technology.
  • 3. INTRODUCTION Science & Technology in India India is one of the leading nations in the world in terms of science and technology. India has the second largest pool of scientists and engineers in the world. In terms of technological advancements and scientific achievements India is second to none. India belongs to the select group of countries who have developed indigenous nuclear technology. India is among the few countries which have developed ballistic missiles. In the field of space science India is among the few countries which have the capability to launch GSLV satellite. India's achievements in the field of IT and software are acknowledged all over the world.
  • 5. NATURAL SCIENCES The natural sciences are the sciences that seek to elucidate the rules that govern the natural world through scientific methods. In India Natural sciences are further divided into the following – Biology Chemistry Materials science Physics Astronomy Earth science Atmospheric science Oceanography
  • 6. PHYSICAL SCIENCE Physical science is a term that covers natural science and science that studies non living systems. However, many branches of physical science also study some for of biological phenomena. General principles of the physical sciences in India evolve around – Basic principles of physics Basic principles of astronomy Basic principles of chemistry Basic principles of earth science Basic principles of atmospheric science
  • 7. APPLIED SCIENCES Applied science is a discipline of science that applies existing scientific knowledge to develop more practical applications, such as technology or inventions. Fields of applied sciences in India include Applied engineering, Applied linguistics, Applied mathematics, Applied physics, Archaeology, Artificial intelligence, Ceramic engineering, Computing technology, Electronics, Energy technology & storage, Environmental engineering science & Technology, Engineering physics & Technology, Nuclear technology, Medicine, Materials science and engineering and more.
  • 8. TECHNOLOGY All tools and procedures. It is the state of knowledge and development at any given time on controlling our surroundings, and includes all tools (utensils, devices, machinery, inventions, and structures), all methods (skills, processes, and techniques), and all applied materials (both raw and manufactured). In the most general sense, technology is man's ability to control Nature. Major fields of Technology in India Applied science Artificial intelligence| Ceramic engineering| Computing technology| Electronics| Energy| Energy storage| Engineering physics| Environmental technology| Materials science| Materials engineering| Microtechnology| Nanotechnology| Nuclear technology| Optical engineering. Athletics and Recreation Camping equipment| Playground| Sports| Sports equipment
  • 9. Information and Communication Communication| Graphics| Music technology| Speech recognition| Visual technology Industry Construction| Financial engineering| Manufacturing| Machinery | Mining Military science Military technology| Weapon systems| Military equipment| Military training Domestic / Residential Domestic appliances| Domestic technology | Educational technology| Agriculture| Food products Engineering Aerospace engineering| Agricultural engineering| Bioengineering| Biochemical engineering| Biomedical technology| Chemical engineering| Civil engineering| Computer engineering| Electrical engineering| Electronics engineering| Environmental engineering| Industrial engineering| Materials engineering| Mechanical engineering| Metallurgical engineering| Nuclear engineering| Petroleum engineering| Software engineering| Structural engineering| Tissue engineering
  • 10. Health and Safety Biomedical engineering| Bioinformatics| Biotechnology| Cheminformatics| Fire protection technology| Health technologies| Pharmaceuticals| Safety engineering Transport Aerospace| Aerospace engineering| Marine engineering| Motor vehicles| Space technology| Transport High tech sectors Aerospace technology Biotechnology Information technology Nanotechnology Robotics Underwater technology
  • 11. ANCIENT INDIAN CONTRIBUTION Epics like Ramayana & Mahabharata, we learn the social structure, standard of living, their ways of daily life. Science & Technology reflects when the book mentions advance laser rays, destructive weapons, missiles, drugs, water systems study of planets, airplanes etc. But they were imaginations as these epics are dated as old as 2nd Century BC, and if we see developments today this has become reality. Around 1500 BC, Shalva-Sutra was written, It proposed the principles of measurements length was measured with ropes; hence people started identifying rope as Shalva, it also defines the relationship between radius and circumference. In 498 AD, Indian mathematician and astronomer Aryabhata, stated that "sthānāt sthānaṁ daśaguņaṁ syāt―. The oldest known text to use a decimal place-value system, including a zero, is the Jain text from India entitled the Lokavibhâga, dated 458 AD, where shunya("void" or "empty") Great sage Kanaad conjectured for the first time some elements of theory of atoms in fifth century BC. He put forward the theory that every substance was made of atoms.
  • 12. A great mathematician was born during 450 BC and 585 BC. His name was Varahmihir. He used to state that there were some attractive forces in the stars of the universe. Due to the sum total of such forces the Vasundhara(the earth) was able to float. This was just a step before the most talked about Gravitational Forces. In 'Arybhatiya' poem, for which he worked for about six months, he said, ―Even if we feel the sun and the stars are rotating around us, in fact they are fixed and the earth is only rotating around them.‖ He mathematically calculated the circumference of the earth as 39,736 KM. It is believed today that to be 39,843 KM. Arybhata had calculated that there are 365 days, 6 hrs, 12 minutes and 30 seconds in one year. Bhaskaracharya of 12th century was the next great mathematician after Aryabhat. In 1658, well known French mathematician Pierre de Firma asked question to his friend Bernard Frenicle de Bessy‘, If X and Y both are integers, then how do we solve the following equation? 61X**2 + 1 = Y2 Bhaskaracharya had solved this problem in the year 1150. India had made great progress in medicines too. We had tradition of medicines since 3000 BC. This knowledge is known as AyurVed (knowledge of Life). Since Vedic period, we had Gurukul system. The universities of Takshshila, Varanasi and Nalanda were well known all over the world. One could acquire education on arts, literature, music, philosophy, religion (Hindu and Buddha), law, chemistry, biology, medicine, astronomy, architecture, sculpture, history and geography.
  • 13. Hand-propelled wheel cart, Indus Valley Civilization (3000–1500 BCE). View of the Asokan Pillar at Vaishali, One of the edicts of Ashoka,(272—231 BCE) reads: "Everywhere King Piyadasi (Asoka) erected two kinds of hospitals, hospitals for people and hospitals for animals. Where there were no healing herbs for people and animals, he ordered that they be bought and planted Model of a Chola(200–848 CE) ship's hull, built by the ASI, based on a wreck 19 miles off the coast of Poombuhar Jantar Mantar, Delhi—consisting of 13 architectural astronomy instruments, built by Jai Singh II, of Jaipur, from 1724 onwards.
  • 14. INDIA 19TH CENTURTY ONWARDS… Our first Prime Minister, Jawaharlal Nehru aimed "to convert India‘s economy into that of a modern state and to fit her into the nuclear age and do it quickly.― On 18 August 1951 the Indian Institute of Technology at Kharagpur in West Bengal was founded. Aimed to develop advanced military technology, Defence Research and Development Organization was formed in 1958. The Indian Government acquired the EVS EM computers from the Soviet Union, which were used in large companies and research laboratories. Tata Consultancy Services – established in 1968 by the Tata Group – were the country's largest software producers during the 1960s. India accounts for about 10% of all expenditure on research and development in Asia and the number of scientific publications grew by 45% over the past years. Five of our Indian Institutes of Technology units are listed among the top 10 science and technology schools in Asia & globally. The Government of India launched the Nano Mission in May 2007 as an umbrella capacity-building programme. The Nano Mission has resulted in about 5000 research papers and about 900 Ph.Ds.
  • 15. The office of the Hijli Detention Camp (photographed September 1951) served as the first academic building of IIT Kharagpur. India's first reactor (Apsara) and a plutonium reprocessing facility, as photographed by a US satellite on 19 February 1966. Infosys Media Centre in Bangalore.
  • 16. INDIAN SCIETIFIC & TECHNOLOGICAL INVENTIONS & MILESTONES 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. Ammonium nitrite, synthesis in pure form (synthesized NH4NO2 ). Ashtekar variables: In theoretical physics, Ashtekar (new) variables, named after Abhay Ashtekar who invented them, represent an unusual way to rewrite the metric. Bhatnagar-Mathur Magnetic Interference Balance: Invented jointly by Shanti Swarup Bhatnagar and K.N. Mathur in 1928, the so-called 'Bhatnagar-Mathur Magnetic Interference Balance' was a modern instrument used for measuring various magnetic properties. Bhabha scattering: In 1935, Indian nuclear physicist Homi J. Bhabha published a paper in the Proceedings of the Royal Society, Series A, in which he performed the first calculation to determine the cross section of electronpositron scattering. Electron-positron scattering was later named Bhabha scattering, in honor of his contributions in the field. Stellar structure and Stellar evolution by Subrahmanyan Chandrasekhar. Earth's rotation was invented by Aryabhata. Galena, applied use in electronics of: Bengali scientist Sir Jagadish Chandra Bose effectively used Galena crystals for constructing radio receivers.
  • 17. 8. 9. 10. 11. 12. 13. 14. 15. 16. 17. AKS primality test: The AKS primality test is a deterministic primalityproving algorithm created and published by three Indian Institute of Technology Kanpur. Hindu number system: With decimal place-value and a symbol for zero, this system was the ancestor of the widely-used Arabic numeral system. It was developed in the Indian subcontinent between the 1st and 6th centuries CE. Sign convention: Symbols, signs and mathematical notation were employed in an early form in India by the 6th century. Trigonometric functions sine and versine originated in Indian astronomy. Shrikhande graph: Graph invented by the Indian mathematician S.S. Shrikhande in 1959. Ayurvedic and Siddha medicine: Ayurveda and Siddha are ancient and traditional systems of medicine. Cataract surgery: Cataract surgery was known to the Indian physician Sushruta (6th century BCE). Cure for Leprosy: Kearns & Nash (2008) state that the first mention of leprosy is described in the Indian medical treatise Sushruta Samhita (6th century BCE). Plastic surgery: Plastic surgery was being carried out in India by 2000 BCE. Lithiasis treatment: The earliest operation for treating lithiasis, or the formations of stones in the body, is also given in the Sushruta Samhita (6th century BCE)
  • 18. 18. Diamond mining and diamond tools: Diamonds were first recognized and mined in central India. 19. Zinc mining and medicinal zinc: Zinc was first smelted from zinc ore in India. 20. Button: were used in the Indus Valley Civilization for ornamental purposes by 2000 BCE. Some buttons were carved into geometric shapes and had holes pierced into them so that they could be attached to clothing by using a thread. The earliest made of a curved shell and about 5000 years old.― 21. Crescograph: The crescograph, a device for measuring growth in plants, was invented in the early 20th century by the Bengali scientist SirJagadish Chandra Bose. 22. Crucible steel: Perhaps as early as 300 BCE—although certainly by 200 CE— high quality steel was being produced in southern India also by what Europeans would later call the crucible technique. 23. Mysorean rockets: The first iron-cased and metal-cylinder rockets were developed by Tipu Sultan, ruler of the South Indian Kingdom of Mysore. 24. Prefabricated home and movable structure: The first prefabricated homes and movable structures were invented in 16th-century Mughal India by Akbar. 25. Ruler: Rulers made from Ivory were in use by the Indus Valley Civilization in what today is Pakistan and some parts of Western India prior to 1500 BCE. 26. Shampoo: The word shampoo in english is derived from Hindi chāmpo to 1762.The shampoo itself originated in the eastern regions of the Mughal Empire.
  • 19. 27. Cashmere wool: The fiber is also known as pashm or pashmina for its use in the handmade shawls of Kashmir, India. 28. Cotton cultivation: Cotton was cultivated by the inhabitants of the Indus Valley Civilization by the 5th millennium BCE - 4th millennium BCE. 29. Indigo dye: Indigo, a blue pigment and a dye, was used in India, which was also the earliest major center for its production and processing. 30. Jute cultivation: Jute has been cultivated in India since ancient times. 31. Pharmacology and Toxicology the Western pharmacology is just a few centuries old. But herbal products and minerals have been, for millennia, in use in India. 'Karela' (bitter melon) fruits look like the human pancreas and ancient literature mentions that it is the best remedy for diabetes mellitus. 32. The origin of surgery in India can be traced back to the Indus-Saraswati valley civilisation. In fact, recent findings suggest that the origin could be pushed even further. Excavations from the Mehrgarh area of the present-day Pakistan have revealed that the practice of drilling human teeth existed even 9000 years ago.
  • 20. 33. Green revolution: Dr M S Swaminathan, better known as the "Father of the Green Revolution‖; India developed into a country that fed itself. Under the aegis of Indian Council of Agricultural Research, more than 2300 high yielding, hybrid varieties of food grains and cash crops have been developed. National Bureau of Plant Genetic Resources, has preserved more than 1, 50,000 accessions and samples. 34. World‘s first hybrid cotton, pearl millet, the first hybrid sorghum, the first hybrid castor, the first hybrid mango are some of the amazing achievements of Indian agricultural research. 35. After China, India is only the second country in the world to develop its very own hybrid rice. 36. The first amber colored commercial Triticale dwarf and very high-yielding wheat varieties were developed by India. 37. Yellow revolution in oil seeds, White revolution in milk production, Blue revolution in fish production and Golden revolution in horticulture bear ample testimony to the contribution of our agricultural scientists. 38. Bhakra Dam: The Bhakra Nangal dam in itself stands as a proud testimony to the technical prowess of Indian engineers. NRIs who love to gawk at America‘s Hoover dam, it would come as a surprise that the Bhakra at 741 feet is one of the highest gravity dams (compare Hoover Dam at 732 ft). The dam provides irrigation to 10 million acres.
  • 21. 39. Defence Research and Development : By far the most remarkable achievement of India in the S&T sphere is the triumph over innumerable international sanctions to develop indigenous defense infrastructure. 40. Kaveri Engine: he GTX-35VS Kaveri is a low-bypass-ratio afterburning turbofan developed by the Gas Turbine Research Establishment (GTRE), a lab under DRDO. Kaveri engine is an indigenous Indian design intended to power production models of the HAL‘s Tejas fighter, also known as ―Light Combat Aircraft" (LCA) as well as the proposed twin-engine Medium Combat Aircraft (MCA). 41. Tejas: Light Combat Aircraft (LCA) is India‘s answer to the F-16s, understanding the pressing need to be self reliant in defence it was developed indigenously by Hindustan Aeronautics Limited. HAL‘s Tejas is an advanced, lightweight, supersonic multi-role fighter aircraft. 42. Sonars: DRDO, Bharat Electronics Limited (BEL) and the Indian Navy have developed a range of Sonars for the Navy`s frontline combat ships. These include the APSOH (Advanced Panoramic Sonar Hull mounted), HUMVAD (Hull Mounted Variable Depth sonar) and the HUMSA (Hull Mounted Sonar Array), Panchendriya Submarine sonar and fire control system, sonobuoy Tadpole, Simhika. DRDO is currently developing multiple Torpedoes. These include a lightweight torpedo (Advanced Experimental Torpedo).
  • 22. 43. Prithvi : Prithvi Short Range Ballistic Missile: Three variants exist- the Prithvi I, II and III. Another submarine launched variant known as the K-15 is under development. The Prithvi is an exceptionally precise liquid fuelled missile with a range of up to 350 km. 44. Agni : Agni Missile series: The Agni-II is an Intermediate range ballistic missile with a range of up to 2500 km. The Agni-I is a shorter ranged unit with a range of up to 800 km. 45. Akash : The Akash, a medium range SAM (surface to air missile) system comprising the command guided Akash missile and its specific launchers. 46. Indian Satellite Systems : Indian Remote Sensing: The IRS system is by far the world‘s biggest constellation of remote sensing satellites. These satellites provide data for applications in agriculture, forestry, water harnessing, land use and land cover mapping, fold mapping and ocean resources survey. 47. INSAT: The Indian National Satellite (INSAT) system is a shining example of what all has been achieved by India‘s space technology. The INSAT series is the largest domestic communication system in the Asia-Pacific Region. Active satellites of this series include INSAT-2E, INSAT-3A, INSAT-3B, INSAT-3C, INSAT-3E, KALPANA-1 (METSAT), GSAT-2, EDUSAT (GSAT-3) and INSAT-4A. INSAT satellites provide transponders (about 150) in various bands (C, S, Extended C and Ku) to serve the television and communication needs of India.
  • 23. 48. Launch Vehicles: The Indian Satellite Launch Vehicle (SLV) was a project started in the early 1970s by ISRO to develop the technology needed to launch satellites. The project leader was Dr APJ Abdul Kalam. The first launch of the SLV took place in Sriharikota on 10 August 1979. 49. PARAM: is the series of supercomputers developed by the Centre for Development of Advanced Computing (C-DAC). The development of the same was taken up as a challenge to break the hegemony of the western world when it came to super-fast computing. 50. The latest machine in the series is the PARAM Padma, which reached No. 171 on the TOP500 in 2003. Others include PARAM 10000 and PARAM 9000/SS. The PARAM 10000 was India`s first TFLOPS computer. C-DAC has also developed a high performance System Area Network called the PARAMNet-II having transfer speeds of up to 2.5 bit/s.The major applications of PARAM 10000 are in weather forecasting, remote sensing, drug design and molecular modelling. PARAMs have also helped in India`s space programme.
  • 24. Cotton being dyed manually in contemporary India. The Great Stupa at Sanchi(4th-1st century BCE). The dome shaped stupa was used in India as a commemorative monument associated with storing sacred relics. Jute plants Corchorus olitorius and Corchorus capsularis cultivated first in India. India's first satellite named after Aryabhata.
  • 25. The half-chord version of the sine function was developed by the Indian mathematician Aryabhatta. Indian surgeon Susruta performed cataract surgery by the 6th century BCE Brahmagupta's theorem (598– 668) states that AF = FD Bengali Chemist Prafulla Chandra Roy synthesized NH4NO2 in its pure form. Upendranath Brahmachari (19 December 1873– February 6, 1946) discovered Urea Stibamine, a treatment which helped nearly eradicate Visceral leishmaniasis. A Ramachandran plot generated from the protein PCNA, a human DNA clamp protein that is composed of both beta sheets and alpha helices
  • 26. INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY IN INDIA India's IT-business process outsourcing (BPO) industry revenue is expected to cross US$ 225 billion mark by 2020, according to a Confederation of Indian Industry (CII) report, titled 'The SMAC Code-Embracing New Technologies for Future Business'. India is expected to become world's second-largest online community after China with 213 million internet users by December 2013 and 243 million by June 2014. India‘s total IT industry‘s (including hardware) share in the global market stands at 7 per cent; in the IT segment the share is 4 per cent while in the ITeS space the share is 2 per cent. India's IT and BPO sector exports are expected to grow by 12-14 per cent in FY14 to touch US$ 84 billion - US$ 87 billion, according to Nasscom. The enterprise software market in India is expected to reach US$ 3.92 billion in 2013, registering a growth of 13.9 per cent over 2012 revenue of US$ 3.45 billion India plans to spend around US$ 3.9 billion on cloud services during 2013-2017, of which US$ 1.7 billion will be spent on software-as-a-service (SaaS).
  • 27. TOP 5 INDIAN IT COMPANIES AROUND THE WORLD 1. Tata Consultancy Services with Revenues over $11.57 billion and 254,076 employees worldwide. 2. Cognizant Technology Solutions with Revenues over $7.05 billion and 185,045 employees worldwide. 3. Infosys with Revenues over $6.69 billion and 153,761 employees worldwide. 4. Wipro with Revenues over $5.73 billion and 140,569 employees worldwide. 5. HCL Technologies with Revenues over $4.3 billion and 85,335 employees worldwide.
  • 28. PHARMA INDUSTRY IN INDIA India‘s pharmaceutical sector will touch US$ 45 billion by 2020, according to a major study by global management and consulting firm, McKinsey & Company. The reasons for this optimism are well founded. In the period 2002–2012, the country‘s healthcare sector grew three times in size, touching US$ 70 billion from US$ 23 billion. India's pharmaceutical market experienced a similar boom, reaching US$ 18 billion in 2012 from US$6 billion in 2005. The report further states that the Indian pharmaceutical market will be the sixth largest in the world by 2020. India currently exports drug intermediates, Active Pharmaceutical Ingredients (APIs), Finished Dosage Formulations (FDFs), Bio-Pharmaceuticals, and Clinical Services across the globe. The exports of pharmaceuticals from India grew to US$ 14.6 billion in 2012–13 from US$ 6.23 billion in 2006–07, registering a compound annual growth rate (CAGR) of around 15.2 per cent The Department of Pharmaceuticals has projected an investment of Rs 3,000 crore (US$ 489.19 million) to set up 10 more National Institute of Pharmaceutical Education and Research (NIPER) over the next few years.
  • 29. TOP TEN INDIAN PHARMA COMPANIES IN THE WORLD 1. Ranbaxy Labs: With total net sales of Rs 7686.59 crore, Ranbaxy is the largest pharmaceutical company in India. 2. Cipla: With total net sales of Rs 6,977.50 crore Cipla is the second largest pharmaceutical company in India. 3. Dr Reddys Labs: With total net sales of Rs 6,686.30 crore Dr Reddys Labs is the third largest pharmaceutical company in India. 4. Lupin: Lupin is the fourth largest pharma company in India with the total net sales of Rs 5,364.37 crore. 5. Aurobindo Pharma: Aurobindo Pharma is on 5th position with the total net sales of Rs 4,284.63 crore. 6. Sun Pharma: Net Sales revenues stood at Rs 4,015.56 crore makes it the sixth largest pharmaceutical company in India. 7. Cadila Health: Cadila Health is the seventh largest pharma company with the total sales revenue of Rs 3,152.20 crore. 8. Jubilant Life: Eight largest company has the total sale revenue at Rs 2,641.07 crore. 9. Ipca Laboratories Revenue of Rs 2,352.59 crore makes Ipca India's 10th largest pharma firm by sales.
  • 30. MANUFACTURING IN INDIA The manufacturing sector in India could grow six-fold to US$ 1 trillion, by 2025. The rising demand in the country and the aspirations of multinational companies (MNCs) to establish low-cost plants in India, are seen as reasons for this possible growth. Up to 90 million domestic jobs could be created by that time, with the sector generating about 25–30 per cent of the country‘s gross domestic product (GDP). India‘s rapidly expanding economy gives domestic entrepreneurs and international players vast opportunities to invest and grow. Manufacturing companies in Japan view India as the top destination for investments for the next three years, as per Mr Masanori Nakano, Consul General of Japan. India is among the least affected by the global economic slowdown and continues to grow at about 5 per cent. India is the fourth most competitive manufacturing nation. The country‘s economy saw massive expansion in the period 2006–2011, attaining a five-year Compound Annual Growth Rate (CAGR) of 7.8 per cent.
  • 31. TOP INDIAN MANUFACTURING COMPANIES 1. Aditya Birla Group | Turnover – 40 Billion Dollar | Business – Conglomerate | Employees – 136000+. 2. Larsen & Toubro Turnover – 13.5 Billion Dollar | Business – Technology, Engineering, Construction and Manufacturing | Employees – 45000+. 3. Bombay Dyeing Turnover – 310 Million Dollar | Business – Textile Manufacturing | Employees – 10000+. 4. Hindustan Lever Network | Turnover – 4 Billion Dollar | Business – Consumer Goods | Employees – 40000+. 5. Haldia Petrochemicals Ltd. Turnover – 2 Billion Dollar | Business – Petro Chemicals | Employees – 1000+.
  • 32. 6. Apollo Tyres Turnover – 2.5 Billion Dollar | Business – Tyres | Employees – 16000+. 7. Jindal Steel Turnover – 2.5 Billion Dollar | Business – Steel |Employees – 7600+. 8. Videocon Group Turnover – 2.3 Billion Dollar | Business – Conglomerate | Employees – 9000+. 9. Asian Paints Turnover – 1.7 Billion Dollar | Business – Chemicals |Employees – 4900+. 10. MRF Limited Ltd. | Establishment – 1946 | Business – Tyres, Sports Goods, Toys and Paints & Coats |Turnover – US$ 2.1 billion| Employees – 15,494 +.
  • 33. LETS TAKE 5 SECONDS OF BREATHER! (?) Did anyone notice in the last slide a boy with brush and paint, BUT NO BRAND NAME….. ANY GUESS OK…. FOR ROHIT (presenter) ONLY That was Asian Paints and DID YOU KNOW - Forbes Global magazine USA ranked Asian Paints among the 200 Best Small Companies in the World for 2002 and 2003 and presented the 'Best under a Billion' award.
  • 34. AEROSPACE INDUSTRY IN INDIA Indian aerospace industry has witnessed an impressive growth during the past few years, with major contribution from the civil aviation segment. The market has been strongly supported by the government and private sector participation, which fueled domestic and international passenger arrivals and acted as catalyst for the overall industry growth. India is the 9th largest aviation market in the world. Although the passenger traffic went into negative growth territory in FY 2009, it posted a remarkable recovery in FY 2010 and grew around 13.6% Y-O-Y, which was amongst the highest globally. Hindustan Aeronautics Limited , a Defence PSU, is a major player in the global aviation arena HAL has produced over 3550 aircraft, 3650 aero-engines and overhauled around 8750 aircraft & 28400 engines besides manufacture/overhaul of related accessories and avionics. MKI, HAL is also developing the following products through design and development: -- Intermediate Jet Trainer (IJT) -- Light combat helicopter (LCH) -- Weaponization of Advanced Light Helicopter (ALH) -- Tejas-Light Combat Aircraft
  • 35. TOP INDIAN AEROSPACE COMPANIES 1. Hindustan Aeronautics Ltd. (HAL) Hindustan Aeronautics Limited fully owned by the Government of India is among the premier aerospace companies in Bangalore and ranked 34th in the list of world‘s top 100 defence companies. It has 19 production units and 10 R & D centers at 8 locations in India and has produced over 4178 Engines , 3658 Aircraft/Helicopters, Upgraded 272 Aircraft and overhauled over 29775 Engines and 9643 Aircraft. 2. BrahMos Aerospace Private Ltd. BrahMos Aerospace Private Ltd. a joint venture between Federal State Unitary Enterprise NPO of Russia and the Defence Research and Development Organization (DRDO) of India is involved in the designing, development and production of BRAHMOS-supersonic cruise missile which is used in various platforms which includes silos, ships, mobile launchers, submarines and aircrafts against sea and land targets. 3. Bharat Electronics Ltd. BEL manufactures specialized electronics equipments/products for the Indian defence services. Company‘s product range includes Naval systems, Radars, Defence Communication, Electronic Warfare,
  • 37. Top Analytics Companies in India 1. Wipro Analytics - Wipro analytics a recognized data analytics company in Bangalore uses its experience and expertise to provide analytics services to its customers in various sectors like Financial Services, Manufacturing & High Tech, Retail, Transportation, Media & Telecom and Healthcare & Life Sciences. 2. TCS Analytics - TCS Analytics mainly focuses on Marketing analytics, Spend analytics, Supply chain analytics, Risk analytics, Financial insights and Customer insights . 3. HCL Analytics - Analytics services provided by an experienced HCL team helps its customers to analyze their business data and take smart and quick business Decisions. 4. Latent View – Latent View is an analytics company founded in 2006 and having offices in New Jersey and San Jose in United States, Chennai and Mumbai in India and Singapore. Among the top business analytics companies in India LatentView helps clients‘ in the consumer goods, financial services and retail sector improve business performance by providing analytics solutions.
  • 38. Top 10 Mining companies in India 1. National Mineral Development Corporation - A government of India organization and comes under the Ministry of steel, it is the largest iron ore producer in the country. The company has total 5 mines which produces iron, dolomite, limestone, gypsum, bentonite, copper, diamond etc. 2. Hindustan Zinc Limited - Hindustan Zinc is a leading producer of zinc and among the best mining companies in India. 3. National Aluminium Company limited - The company is rated best in mining industry in India and largest producer of Aluminium and bauxite. 4. Hindalco Industries - Hindalco Industries is a flagship company of Aditya Birla and one among the top 10 mining companies in India. 5. Hindustan Copper Limited - The company is a well known name in mining industry in India and also produces gold, silver, tellurium and nickel sulphate. 6. Rajasthan State Mines and Minerals Limited - BALCO is also engaged in the production of aluminium alloys and special aluminium for transmission lines and missiles. 7. Rajasthan State Mines and Minerals Limited - The company is engaged in Non Metallic mining of Lignite, Rock phosphate, limestone and gypsum.
  • 39. Top 10 chemical Companies in India Tata Chemicals - It manufacturers various types of chemicals for human, industries and agriculture needs such as Salt, Pesticides, fertilizers etc. UPL Limited - UPL formerly known as united phosphorus limited is a chemical and crop seeds Company. India Glycols Limited - India Glycols is a green petrochemical company in India which manufacturer glycols, natural gums and Ethoxylates. BASF- It has been serving in India for more than a century and has total 9 production units, 2 Research & development centesr and more than 2000 employees. It offers various chemical products to chemical, agriculture and oil & gas industry sector. Pidilite Industries limited - The company‘s most well known brands are Dr. Fixit, fevicol, M Seal, Fevi kwik etc. Vikas WSP Limited - Vikas WSP is a guar gum power producer which is catering to the food industry sector. Gujarat Heavy Chemicals limited - Gujarat heavy chemicals is specialized in soap ingredients and soda ash manufacturing
  • 40. FAMOUS INDIAN TECHNOLOGY INVENTORS AROUND FOUND THE WORLD 1. FC KOHLI: Father of IT industry in INDIA • Industrialist and technocrat • Founder and the first CEO of Tata Consultancy Services. 2. Narayan Murthy • Guru of Information Technology • Co-founder and CEO of Infosys Technologies • Programmer since a kid. 3. Ajay Bhatt • Co-founder of USB • Developer of AGP,PCI Express, PPMA, etc • Also known as Intel rockstar. 4. Vinod Khosla • Co-founder of Sun Microsystems and the 1st Chairman and CEO there. • Also founded Daisy Systems & khosla ventures. 5. Vinod Dham • Father of pentium chip • Co-inventors of Flash Memory. 6. Ajit Balakrishnan • The founder of as well as current Chairman and CEO of • Mr. Balakrishnan , at the age of 22 , cofounded Rediffusion. 7. Sabeer Bhatiya • Co-founder of – the world‘s first webmail service • Has started JaxtrSMS 8. Azim Premji • Software tycoon and better known as India‘s ―Bill Gates‖ • Founder and the chairman of Wipro Technologies. 9. Satyanarayan Pitroda • He is well known as Dr Sam Pitroda • ―The father of India‘s communication revolution‖ .
  • 41. 10. Nandan Nilekani • One of the co-founder of Infosys with Narayan Murthy and he is the 2nd CEO and managing director of the Infosys after Narayan Murthy. 11. Narinder Singh Kapany • Narinder Singh Kapany is best known as ‗Father of fiber optics‘. 12. Krishna Bharat •Creator of Google News •Major work Hilltop Algorithm. 13. Raju Vanapala •Founder of Way2sms. 14. Sashi Reddi •Founder and chairman of ‗applabs‘ •Founded FXLabs. 15. Pranav Mistry • A Guju computer scientist • Founder of the sixsense and the sixthsense technology. 16. Ankit Fadia •One of the best, youngest Indian Ethical Hackers .
  • 42. NOBLE PRIZE WINNERS IN SCIENCE & TECHNOLOGY 1. 1979: Abdus Salam (1926-1996) - Nobel Prize for Physics. Shared a Nobel Prize in Physics in 1979, with Steven Weinberg, for his work on electroweak unification, one of the important puzzles of modern theoretical physics 2. 1930: Sir C.V. Raman (1888 - 1970) - Nobel Prize for Physics. By 11, he had finished school and went on to earn fame for his work in the field of molecular physics. He won the Nobel Prize for Physics for his "RAMAN" effect in 1930. 3. 1968: Dr. Hargobind Khorana (1922 - ) - Nobel Prize for Medicine and Physiology, Khorana was responsible for producing the first man-made gene in a lab. This won him the Nobel Prize for Medicine in 1968, which he shared with Marshall Nuremberg and Robert Holley. 4. 1983: Dr. Subrahmanyan Chandrasekar (1910 - 1995) - Nobel Prize for Physics, He was the nephew of another Nobel winner, C. V. Raman. He won the Nobel Prize in 1983 for his work on stars and their evolution.
  • 43. CONCLUSION with Albert Einstein's famous quote! "We owe a lot to the Indians, who taught us how to count, without which no worthwhile scientific discovery could have been made." Albert Einstein.
  • 44. THANK YOU