American revolution Ch. 17<br /><ul><li>Occurred in 1775 – 1787AD
Result from England trying to control too much power over colonial America through raising taxes to increase revenue.
Became a benchmark for other revolutions to come in other countries.</li></li></ul><li>Slavery Abolished Ch. 17<br /><ul><li>Slavery was judged morally wrong and violating human rights according to Enlightenment thinkers.
Due to industrialization, slavery wasn’t necessary in a capitalist society.</li></li></ul><li>Feminism Ch. 17<br /><ul><li>Women of the world began redefining and fighting for their rights.
Women’s suffrage was one of the main concerns of European and American women.
The declaration of the Rights of Women created in 1791, by Olympe De Gouges.</li></li></ul><li>Industrialization in England Ch. 18<br /><ul><li>Period from the 18th to 19th century that had a profound effect and advancement in agriculture, mining, manufacturing, and transport.
This also had a profound effect on the socioeconomic and cultural conditions starting in the United Kingdom.
Shift in Great Britain from using animals and manual labor to machine-based manufacturing.</li></li></ul><li>Industrialization in America Ch. 18<br /><ul><li>Shift from using horse power to water power, though industrialization was limited to New England.
America’s hardest working river, Blackstone River, was the birthplace of American industrialization.
Three leading sectors were: Textiles, Steam power, and Iron founding.</li></li></ul><li>Russian revolution Ch. 18<br /><ul><li>The Russian revolution is the collective term used for the series of revolutions in Russia in 1917.
Resulted in the dismantling of the Tsarist autocracy and led to the creation of the Soviet Union.
Civil war erupted between the Bolsheviks (led by Vladimir Lenin) and the anti-Bolsheviks.
The Bolsheviks overthrew the provisional government and signed the Treaty of Brest-Litovsk with Germany in March 1918.</li></li></ul><li>Opium wars Ch. 19<br /><ul><li>Also known as the Anglo-Chinese Wars.
Was the climax of trade disputes and diplomatic difficulties between China and the British Empire after China looked to restrict British opium traffickers.
China was defeated and forced to sign the unequal treaties, forcing more ports to be open to unrestricted trade.</li></li></ul><li>Ottoman Empire Ch. 19<br /><ul><li>The Ottoman Empire was a regime that lasted from 1299 to 1923AD.
At the height of its power in the 16th and 17th centuries, it controlled Southeast Europe, Western Asia, and North Africa.
Officially came to end on July 24th, 1923 under the Treaty of Lausanne.
Succeeded by the Republic of Turkey.</li></li></ul><li>Taiping Rebellion Ch. 19<br /><ul><li>The Taiping Rebellion was a widespread civil war in China from 1850 to 1864AD.
Led by Hong Xiuquan against the ruling Qing Dynasty.
One of the deadliest military conflicts in history, resulting in about 20 million people dead.
The Qing government defeated the rebellion with the aid of French and British forces.</li></li></ul><li>Colonial French Ch. 20<br /><ul><li>Federation of eight French colonial territories in Africa.
The federation was formed on individual coastal colonies the French had first seized as trading posts in the 17th and 18th centuries.
These territories include Mauritania, Senegal, French Sudan, French Guinea, Cote Dlvoire, Upper volta, Dahomey, and Niger.</li></li></ul><li>Missionaries Ch. 20<br /><ul><li>Missionary work became readily available with the opening of doors due to colonization.
Missionaries broke through language and racial barriers between the Africans and the Whites living there.
Missionaries not only brought agriculture to the area, but also taught the natives how to read and write.
Missionaries also brought medical aid to the peoples of African colonies.</li></li></ul><li>Scramble for Africa Ch. 20<br /><ul><li>Also known as the Race for Africa, was a process of invasion, attack, occupation, and annexation of sovereign African territory.
This race occurred during the New imperialism period between the 1880s and the first world war.
The European powers through the Berlin conference, temporarily united in order to attack and partition Africa.</li></li></ul><li>Great Depression Ch. 21<br /><ul><li>The Great Depression was a severe worldwide economic depression in the decade preceding World War II.
Areas dependant on primary sector industries such as cash cropping, mining and logging suffered most.</li></li></ul><li>Versailles Ch. 21<br /><ul><li>The Treaty of Versailles was one of the peace treaties at the end of world war I.
It was signed on July 28th, 1919, exactly five years after the assassination of archduke Franz Ferdinand.
It ended the state of war between Germany and the Allied powers.
It required Germany to take sole responsibility of the war and make reparations and also to demilitarize.</li></li></ul><li>Rise of Nazi Germany Ch. 21<br /><ul><li>Nazi Germany, or the Third Reich, is the common name for the country of Germany by Adolf Hitler.
On January 30th, 1933, Adolf Hitler was appointed Chancellor of Germany.
Germany expanded into greater Germany during the Second World War, which began after Germany invaded Poland.</li></li></ul><li>Fidel Castro Ch. 22<br /><ul><li>Cuban politician and former president of Cuba.
Castro served as the Prime Minister of Cuba from February 1959 to December 1976.
Castro subsequently came to power as a result of the Cuban Revolution which overthrew the US-Backed dictatorship of Batista.</li></li></ul><li>Mao Zedong Ch. 22<br /><ul><li>Mao Zedong was a Han Chinese revolutionary, political theorist and communist leader.
He led the people’s republic of China from its establishment in 1949 until his death in 1976.
He is held in high regard in China as a great revolutionary, political strategist, military mastermind, and savior to the nation.</li></li></ul><li>Vladimir Lenin Ch. 22<br /><ul><li>Lenin was a Russian revolutionary and communist politician who led the October Revolution of 1917.
Headed the Soviet state as a Bolshevik from 1917-1924.
Worked to control Russia in the Russian Civil War and created a socialist economic system.
Created Marxism-Leninism, the pragmatic application of Marxism.</li></li></ul><li>Mahatma Gandhi Ch. 23<br /><ul><li>Gandhi was the pre-eminent political and spiritual leader of India during the Indian independence movement.
He helped India gain independence through nonviolence.
Gandhi swore to speak the truth and advised others to do so and spent a number of years in jail in India and Great Britain.</li></li></ul><li>Nelson Mandela Ch. 23<br /><ul><li>Mandela served as president of South Africa from 1994 – 1999,
First South African president to be elected in a fully represented democratic election.
Mandela served 27 years in prison, and once released, he led his party in the negotiations that led to multi-racial democracy in 1993.</li></li></ul><li>Kwame Nkrumah Ch. 23<br /><ul><li>Kwame Nkrumah was an influential 20th century advocate of pan-Africanism.
He was the first president of Ghana, and the founding member of the Organization of African Unity.
Nkrumah was the leader of Ghana and its predecessor state, the Gold Coast, from 1952 to 1966.
He was awarded the Lenin Peace Prize in 1963.</li></li></ul><li>Globalization Ch. 24<br /><ul><li>Describes a process by which regional economies, societies, and cultures have become integrated through a global network of communication, transportation, and trade.
Driven by a combination of economic, technological, sociocultural, political, and biological factors.</li></li></ul><li>Environmentalists Ch. 24<br /><ul><li>A broad philosophy and social movement regarding concerns for environmental conservation and improvement of the state of the environment.
Originated due to heavy pollution caused by the industrialized Britain.</li></li></ul><li>Chernobyl Ch. 24<br /><ul><li>Nuclear accident that occurred on April 26th, 1986 at the Chernobyl Nuclear Power Plant in Ukraine.
It is considered the worst nuclear power plant accident in history.
The accident raised concerns about the safety of the Soviet nuclear power industry as well as nuclear power in general.</li>
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