1890s–1920s• See also: List of horror films of the 1890s, List of horror films of the 1900s, List of horror films of the 1910s, and List of horror films of the 1920s• Lon Chaney, Sr. in The Phantom of the Opera• The first depictions of supernatural events appear in several of the silent shorts created by the film pioneer Georges Méliès in the late 1890sIn the early 20th century,• The first monster appeared in a horror film, Quasimodo, the hunchback of Notre-Dame who had appeared in Victor Hugos novel, Notre-Dame de Paris (1831).• Films featuring Quasimodo included Alice Guys Esmeralda (1906),• The Hunchback (1909),• The Love of a Hunchback• (1910) and Notre-Dame de Paris (1911).
1930-1940s• During the early period of talking pictures, the American Movie studio Universal Pictures began a successful Gothic.• Tod Brownings Dracula (1931)• The Invisible Man (1933• Bride of Frankenstein (1935), again directed by Whale, and Son of Frankenstein (1939).• The Mummy (1932)• The Wolf Man (1941),
1950s–1960s• With advances in technology, the tone of horror films shifted from the Gothic towards contemporary concerns. Two sub-genres began to emerge: the horror-of-armageddon film and the horror-of-the-demonic film.• A stream of usually low-budget productions featured humanity overcoming threats from "outside": alien invasions and deadly mutations The Hollywood directors and producers sometimes found ample opportunity for audience exploitation, with• gimmicks such as 3-D and "Percepto" (producer William Castles pseudo- electric-shock technique used for• The Thing from Another World (1951) Don Siegels Invasion of the Body Snatchers• (1956), managed to channel the paranoia of the Cold War into atmospheric creepiness, .• Filmmakers continued to merge elements of science fiction and horror over the following decades. Considered a "pulp masterpiece" of the era was• The Incredible Shrinking Man (1957)
1970-1980s• The end of the Production Code of America in 1964• success of Rosemarys Baby, led to the release of more films with occult themes in the 1970s.• The Exorcist (1973)• scores of horror films in which the Devil represented the supernatural evil, often by impregnating women or possessing children.• "Evil children" and reincarnation became popular subjects.• Audrey Rose (1977)
1990s• In the first half of the 1990s, the genre continued many of the themes from the 1980s.• The slasher films A Nightmare on Elm Street, Friday the 13th, Halloween and Childs Play• New Nightmare (1994• Silence of the Lambs (1991).• In the Mouth of Madness (1995),• The Dark Half (1993)• Candyman (1992),
2000s• The start of the 2000s saw a quiet period for the genre.• The release of an extended version of The Exorcist in September 2000 was successful despite the film having been available on home video for years.• Franchise films such as Freddy vs. Jason also made a stand in theaters.• Final Destination (2000)• The Jeepers Creepers series was also successful.• Films such as Orphan, Wrong Turn, Cabin Fever, House of 1000 Corpses,