Struggle and survival In Colonial America

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Struggle and survival In Colonial America

  1. 1. Struggle and Survival in Colonial America: The People History 140 Aaron Land
  2. 2. Diego Vasiciuo Una Imagen de la Guaca: An Image of a Guaca sacred image of Sorimana. <ul><li>Diego was a Native Priest in Colonial Southern Peru in the 17 th Century. </li></ul><ul><li>He was a modest individual, who served as an intermediary between the God Sorimana, and other people. </li></ul><ul><li>Diego had lived in Salamanca, a village where he worshiped and lived. </li></ul><ul><li>During Colonial rule, many natives fled or went to work in the mines, earning enough to pay tribute. </li></ul><ul><li>Diego did work in other areas, but always returned to Salamanca. </li></ul>
  3. 3. Diego Vasiciuo <ul><li>Diego, as a distinguished native priest was prone to conflict. </li></ul><ul><li>He faced heresy investigations, being accused of still practicing idolatry. </li></ul><ul><li>Visitas, or visits usually from Church officials would come to investigate these claims. </li></ul><ul><li>Father de Prado, would investigate Diego. </li></ul><ul><li>Diego was to give up his idols and native practices, and according to the Father he did. </li></ul><ul><li>A village boy though, wrapped a stone in a sheet, fooling the Father, allowing Diego to secretly persist his practice. </li></ul>
  4. 4. Francisco Baquero <ul><li>Francisco Baquero was a dark skinned Mestizo in 18 th Century Buenos Aires. </li></ul><ul><li>Buenos Aires was a growing city, with many immigrants coming from Europe, especially Italy and Portugal. </li></ul><ul><li>Francisco was a shoemaker, who had become a master in his field. </li></ul><ul><li>He was able to have a small house for him and his wife, with his shop in the front room. </li></ul><ul><li>During this time in Buenos Aires, there was a calling for artisans and skilled workers to create guilds that would support their field. </li></ul>
  5. 5. Francisco Baquero Shoemaker Guild <ul><li>The first attempt at creating a guild in Buenos Aires failed and would not resurface until 8 years later. </li></ul><ul><li>During the course of forming a shoemakers guild, there was conflict among members who were Spanish and from Argentina, versus those who were Mestizo or Black. </li></ul><ul><li>The Spaniards had wanted tougher regulations on foreign born artisans, who would create more competition. </li></ul><ul><li>The first complete guild was shut down by the Spanish Viceroy. Factions now split between blacks and whites. </li></ul><ul><li>Francisco led a group of blacks to form their own guild, after negotiations could not be reached. </li></ul><ul><li>Francisco traveled to Madrid, petitioning the King, which unfortunately came to no avail. </li></ul>
  6. 6. Damiana de Cunha Colonial Brazil <ul><li>Goias, Brazil, Late 1700's </li></ul><ul><li>A terrain that was harsh and unforgiving, made colonization very difficult. </li></ul><ul><li>Caiapo, Native group who had been in the region prior to the Portuguese, known for their staunch resistance. </li></ul><ul><li>The town of Sao Jose, where Damiana was from, was in the process of a pacification by the Governor of the Captaincy. </li></ul><ul><li>Pacification under Menezes, was brought about by giving gifts to the Natives, wanting them to not venture back into the forests. </li></ul>
  7. 7. Damiana de Cunha Indian Caiapo women. <ul><li>Damiana, was the granddaughter of Chief Angrai-oxa. </li></ul><ul><li>From her early childhood, she was raised by whites, served in their houses, and practices Catholicism. </li></ul><ul><li>She would make many efforts to convince the Caiapo to return to the town. </li></ul><ul><li>Living in both worlds, Damiana felt obliged to work within the units, rather than against them. </li></ul><ul><li>As the granddaughter of the Chief, she was esteemed highly by the natives; for this they listened to her. </li></ul><ul><li>She made several reunification trips, dying upon her last one. She has been regarded as a Brazilian Heroine </li></ul>
  8. 8. Catarina de Monte Sinay <ul><li>Bahia, Brazil in the late 1600's and early 1700's was the site of the first nunnery in Brazil. </li></ul><ul><li>Bahia, during this time was going through a depression from it's major crop sugar, which was under heavy competition from other European powers. </li></ul><ul><li>Catarina, was born in the area, and was one of three sisters, born to Joao de Couros Carneiro, the scribe of the Municipal Council, which gave Catarina and her sisters a leading chance at becoming nuns. </li></ul>
  9. 9. Catarina de Monte Sinay Colonial Bahia <ul><li>Catarina became a nun in 1699. </li></ul><ul><li>Catarina was a very sympathetic person, and had witnessed one other nun in particular that had a great impact on her. </li></ul><ul><li>Victoria, was very devout, often times abusing her body and mind in the conquest of being closer to god. </li></ul><ul><li>Catarina saw this, and may have had great influence, among other things, that would lead her to be as generous as she was. </li></ul><ul><li>Catarina, bestowed much of her life earnings on the church and for her sisters. </li></ul>
  10. 10. Enrico Martinez Colonial Mexico City <ul><li>Mexico City in the late 1500's and early 1600's was a growing metropolis. </li></ul><ul><li>Although many different types of social classes occupied the city, the thought of Sciences and people who were educated were devalued, seen as something that would contradict the Church. </li></ul><ul><li>The Printing Press: Mexico City in the Late 1500's had many printing presses, and competition was strict. </li></ul><ul><li>There were also guidelines for those printers who could not sacrilege, and print material that offended the Church and it's thought. </li></ul>
  11. 11. Enrico Martinez Un foto de un cientifico, a photo of a colonial scientist, like Enrico. <ul><li>Enrico, was a German born, who grew up in Spain, and came to Mexico City in 1589. </li></ul><ul><li>Grew up in Seville among the printing groups. He would bring some type and parts of a press to Mexico. </li></ul><ul><li>Enrico was a scientist and intellectual, specializing especially in astrology and astronomy. </li></ul><ul><li>In 1606, he published Reportorio de los Tiempos Y Historia Natural Desde Nueva Espana. </li></ul><ul><li>The works contained many objectives, but his Astrological work would be part of the demise of a man who was intellectually above his time. </li></ul><ul><li>In Astrology, He often went against fact to please the Church. </li></ul><ul><li>Desague: Flood Control Program. Enrico's design was chosen. In carrying it to completion, he failed partly because of his lack of political skill and influence. </li></ul><ul><li>Enrico, would die shortly later, confined to a man who knew much about things that Mexico was not ready to tolerate. </li></ul>
  12. 12. Micaela Angela Carrillo <ul><li>Micaela was a mestizo woman, although considered Indian in a village called Amozoque in Southern Mexico. </li></ul><ul><li>Her grandparents on her mother's side were part of the Cacique, therefore she gained many privileges, such as not paying tribute. </li></ul><ul><li>Micaela married a Cacique, Juan Tapia y Luna which further elevated her social status. </li></ul><ul><li>Micaela had two sons with him, and three illegitimate daughters. </li></ul>
  13. 13. Micaela Angela Carrillo <ul><li>Following the death of her husband, Micaela struggled. She moved in with her sister, and rented maguey plants to produce pulque. </li></ul><ul><li>As a pulque dealer, Micaela was able to surmise a small fortune, with many different properties. </li></ul><ul><li>Part of her legacy was how she handled her will. </li></ul><ul><li>Her two sons did get land and houses, in exchange for promising to supply houses for her daughters, who as illegitimates could not receive will grants. </li></ul>

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