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Struggle and survival In Colonial America
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Struggle and survival In Colonial America



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  • 1. Struggle and Survival in Colonial America: The People History 140 Aaron Land
  • 2. Diego Vasiciuo Una Imagen de la Guaca: An Image of a Guaca sacred image of Sorimana.
    • Diego was a Native Priest in Colonial Southern Peru in the 17 th Century.
    • He was a modest individual, who served as an intermediary between the God Sorimana, and other people.
    • Diego had lived in Salamanca, a village where he worshiped and lived.
    • During Colonial rule, many natives fled or went to work in the mines, earning enough to pay tribute.
    • Diego did work in other areas, but always returned to Salamanca.
  • 3. Diego Vasiciuo
    • Diego, as a distinguished native priest was prone to conflict.
    • He faced heresy investigations, being accused of still practicing idolatry.
    • Visitas, or visits usually from Church officials would come to investigate these claims.
    • Father de Prado, would investigate Diego.
    • Diego was to give up his idols and native practices, and according to the Father he did.
    • A village boy though, wrapped a stone in a sheet, fooling the Father, allowing Diego to secretly persist his practice.
  • 4. Francisco Baquero
    • Francisco Baquero was a dark skinned Mestizo in 18 th Century Buenos Aires.
    • Buenos Aires was a growing city, with many immigrants coming from Europe, especially Italy and Portugal.
    • Francisco was a shoemaker, who had become a master in his field.
    • He was able to have a small house for him and his wife, with his shop in the front room.
    • During this time in Buenos Aires, there was a calling for artisans and skilled workers to create guilds that would support their field.
  • 5. Francisco Baquero Shoemaker Guild
    • The first attempt at creating a guild in Buenos Aires failed and would not resurface until 8 years later.
    • During the course of forming a shoemakers guild, there was conflict among members who were Spanish and from Argentina, versus those who were Mestizo or Black.
    • The Spaniards had wanted tougher regulations on foreign born artisans, who would create more competition.
    • The first complete guild was shut down by the Spanish Viceroy. Factions now split between blacks and whites.
    • Francisco led a group of blacks to form their own guild, after negotiations could not be reached.
    • Francisco traveled to Madrid, petitioning the King, which unfortunately came to no avail.
  • 6. Damiana de Cunha Colonial Brazil
    • Goias, Brazil, Late 1700's
    • A terrain that was harsh and unforgiving, made colonization very difficult.
    • Caiapo, Native group who had been in the region prior to the Portuguese, known for their staunch resistance.
    • The town of Sao Jose, where Damiana was from, was in the process of a pacification by the Governor of the Captaincy.
    • Pacification under Menezes, was brought about by giving gifts to the Natives, wanting them to not venture back into the forests.
  • 7. Damiana de Cunha Indian Caiapo women.
    • Damiana, was the granddaughter of Chief Angrai-oxa.
    • From her early childhood, she was raised by whites, served in their houses, and practices Catholicism.
    • She would make many efforts to convince the Caiapo to return to the town.
    • Living in both worlds, Damiana felt obliged to work within the units, rather than against them.
    • As the granddaughter of the Chief, she was esteemed highly by the natives; for this they listened to her.
    • She made several reunification trips, dying upon her last one. She has been regarded as a Brazilian Heroine
  • 8. Catarina de Monte Sinay
    • Bahia, Brazil in the late 1600's and early 1700's was the site of the first nunnery in Brazil.
    • Bahia, during this time was going through a depression from it's major crop sugar, which was under heavy competition from other European powers.
    • Catarina, was born in the area, and was one of three sisters, born to Joao de Couros Carneiro, the scribe of the Municipal Council, which gave Catarina and her sisters a leading chance at becoming nuns.
  • 9. Catarina de Monte Sinay Colonial Bahia
    • Catarina became a nun in 1699.
    • Catarina was a very sympathetic person, and had witnessed one other nun in particular that had a great impact on her.
    • Victoria, was very devout, often times abusing her body and mind in the conquest of being closer to god.
    • Catarina saw this, and may have had great influence, among other things, that would lead her to be as generous as she was.
    • Catarina, bestowed much of her life earnings on the church and for her sisters.
  • 10. Enrico Martinez Colonial Mexico City
    • Mexico City in the late 1500's and early 1600's was a growing metropolis.
    • Although many different types of social classes occupied the city, the thought of Sciences and people who were educated were devalued, seen as something that would contradict the Church.
    • The Printing Press: Mexico City in the Late 1500's had many printing presses, and competition was strict.
    • There were also guidelines for those printers who could not sacrilege, and print material that offended the Church and it's thought.
  • 11. Enrico Martinez Un foto de un cientifico, a photo of a colonial scientist, like Enrico.
    • Enrico, was a German born, who grew up in Spain, and came to Mexico City in 1589.
    • Grew up in Seville among the printing groups. He would bring some type and parts of a press to Mexico.
    • Enrico was a scientist and intellectual, specializing especially in astrology and astronomy.
    • In 1606, he published Reportorio de los Tiempos Y Historia Natural Desde Nueva Espana.
    • The works contained many objectives, but his Astrological work would be part of the demise of a man who was intellectually above his time.
    • In Astrology, He often went against fact to please the Church.
    • Desague: Flood Control Program. Enrico's design was chosen. In carrying it to completion, he failed partly because of his lack of political skill and influence.
    • Enrico, would die shortly later, confined to a man who knew much about things that Mexico was not ready to tolerate.
  • 12. Micaela Angela Carrillo
    • Micaela was a mestizo woman, although considered Indian in a village called Amozoque in Southern Mexico.
    • Her grandparents on her mother's side were part of the Cacique, therefore she gained many privileges, such as not paying tribute.
    • Micaela married a Cacique, Juan Tapia y Luna which further elevated her social status.
    • Micaela had two sons with him, and three illegitimate daughters.
  • 13. Micaela Angela Carrillo
    • Following the death of her husband, Micaela struggled. She moved in with her sister, and rented maguey plants to produce pulque.
    • As a pulque dealer, Micaela was able to surmise a small fortune, with many different properties.
    • Part of her legacy was how she handled her will.
    • Her two sons did get land and houses, in exchange for promising to supply houses for her daughters, who as illegitimates could not receive will grants.