“ He helped start a revolution, but his purpose was to resist change.” An American archetype, the “venturous conservative.” pg. 5
His father was Huguenot, who was a self made goldsmith. His mother was Deborah Hitchborn. Most of Paul's existence was from this side of the family.
Paul never grew up around his father, but cherished the French heritage. The New England characteristics along with this French side, helped shape him.
Paul's vocation was that of silversmith. He married twice, bearing eight children with each wife. His second wife Rachel, was the love of his life.
Many of his children would die young, and this would also plague Paul as a grown man.
Paul Revere's America: The Townsman
Paul Revere had a unique idea of being a gentleman. Part of this grew out of values that were uniquely Boston .
Joined the Militia. After his expedition in the French and Indian War, he became an active Mason, elected Master of his lodge.
Joined many clubs, including the North Caucus Club, a political organization founded by Sam Adams. Also joined the Long Room Club, a secret society of the Whig movement in Boston. Also joined the Sons of Liberty.
Stamp Act: was fought by Britain, and caused a massacre in Boston. The Sons of Liberty, and other groups rallied around each other to oppose the new tax. They eventually did. Paul would be a messenger through different colonies, gathering support against the British. His work as a revolutionary had begun.
Thomas Gage: His Dilemma, The Man
In the mid 1770's Thomas Gage was the most powerful man in North America. He was not only the Lieutenant General of the British Forces in the New World, he had just been appointed the Royal Governor of Massachusetts.
Gage- was an Army man, born in the British aristocracy, that connected him well. He was conservative in thought, yet also respected for his honor and integrity.
As Massachusetts began it's rebellions over the Stamp Acts, Gage came to preside over the rebellious colony. He had been thrown in the mix of revolution that was spreading through New England.
Thomas Gage: The Dilemma, the Action
Thomas Gage, was now the Governor of Massachusetts, and he now had to find ways to quell the rebelliousness nature of the colony.
He at first thought the Stamp Acts Riots were the work of a few elite, madmen who were intent on chaos.
He changed this soon, believing that the majority of problems stemmed from the growth of what he called “democracy,” in the colonies.
Specifically, he blamed the vast amount of cheap land in the colonies. People were retired away from the coast and therefore away from the reach of the law.
The second problem he viewed was the system of American institutions, especially those in New England, such as the town meeting.
The Coercive Acts: Parliament enacted these under Gage's direction, closing the port of Boston, and curtailing Massachusetts sovereignty.
The Mission: British Plans
General Gage, planned to make his next move, but did so with prudence and planning, not to have a repeat at Portsmouth or Salem.
The British, was a top-down system, centered around Gage, and through the information that he collected. He heard what he wanted.
His first plan was to attack Worcester, forty miles east of Boston.
He Summoned two young officers, Brown and De Berniere to scout out the area.
After not finding the sufficient reason to attack that town, he focused on Concord. The two scouts came back with news of the town in a mode of preparation.
Gage in Boston began his preparations, hoping to do so without raising too much suspicion.
The Mission: The rebels respond
The activity in Boston garnered great suspicion from the Whigs. The Whigs gathered information and decided to send a warning.
The first warning, sent on Saturday April 8, was done so by Paul Revere. The town of Concord was his recipient. The message for the attack on Sunday would be off.
The second warning a week later for Lexington was also intercepted by Gage.
Gage, no longer patient decided to send a mounted patrol of twenty men, to patrol and intercept American messengers.
The patrol startled many in New England, particularly a Josiah Nelson. He was beaten by the patrol, and told not to say anything. He gathered his horse and began to spread the message to his neighbors.
The Capture: British Patrol takes Revere
Paul Revere and William Dawes had begun their second mission out of Lexington.
That night, a Doctor Prescott was on his way out of Lexington towards Concord. He joined Revere and Dawes. The three began to warn houses on their way at the town of Lincoln.
An ambush would send the three on their horses, running from British forces that were closing in on them.
As Prescott and Revere got separated, Revere got caught by two British Regulars.
As be began to be interrogated, Revere would use his wits and turn this around his captors. Soon he would be posing the questions.
The Capture: British Patrol takes Revere
Paul Revere began giving the British information about their plot. He gave information that they didn't know and this angered the officers.
They interrogated him further, this time with a pistol to his chest. His goal, which was working was to move the British away from Lexington, away from Hancock and Adams. It was working.
The Regulars grew increasingly impatient and paranoid. They moved with the prisoners, but Major Mitchell, decided to let them all go.