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Colonial america England
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Colonial america England Presentation Transcript

  • 1. American Colonies: England History 140 By Aaron Land
  • 2. Chapter 6: Virginia
    • Between 1580 and 1620 the unexplored lands between Spanish Florida and French Acadia, were beginning to be colonized by the English.
    • Virginia: was named after Elizabeth I, a supposed virgin
    • Because England lacked the funds to pursue colonization as a government funded project, England used subcontracted private adventurers who were licensed to explore.
    • In this sense, just like with Spanish and French explorers, individuals took the risk
    • West Country Men- the well-connected, politically affiliated, who were intent on growing their fortune by expansion. Incl. Sir Francis Drake, Sir Walter Ralegh, Sir Humphrey Gilbert, and others.
  • 3. Chapter 6: Virginia Push and Pull Factors
    • Enclosure: a policy adopted by aristocratic landlords, which enclosed large tracts of land, forcing many peasants into unemployment
    • “ sturdy beggars,” the new group of unemployed, which were affected by new policies were this group. They roamed the land begging and often stealing to survive.
    • This would bring about more crime to the cities, making London known for it's rampant crime, prostitution and overcrowding.
    • The West Country Men: Promoted the new English colony of Virginia, as an answer to the unemployed, here in Virginia they could find work and regain the respect and confidence they once had.
  • 4. Chapter 6: Virginia Jamestown, VA
    • 1606: London investors incorporate The Virginia Company, granted under King James
    • 1607: Jamestown founded.
    • Jamestown proved to be difficult to survive in, many died within a year of arriving, and the population constantly withered to nearly nothing.
    • Captain John Smith: tried to get locals to work, but vagrants proved difficult to boss around.
    • Most searched for metals, did not plant corn
  • 5. Chapter 6: Virginia
    • Late 1610's: Permission of colonists to own and cultivate their own land occurred. This would be essential in allowing the tobacco industry to flourish.
    • Farmers now would have a plot of land that they could raise their sustenance goods on (corn, beans, squash) and also raise tobacco, which was a marketable product.
    • John Rolfe 1616: taught planters how to cultivate tobacco
    • 1638: Virginia's tobacco production surges to 3,000,000 pounds, surpassing the West Indies as the largest producer of Tobacco to Europe.
  • 6. Chapter 8: New England The Puritans
    • “ Middle Sorts,” those who came to New England. Primarily paid their own way, thereby enabling them to maintain their freedom
    • A faith based group that upheld the value of glorifying God.
    • Did not participate in the Values of The Church of England, and tried to uphold their beliefs and lifestyle in opposite of that and English society as a whole.
    • Puritans preached a direct route to God by reading the bible and forming prayer groups.
  • 7. Chapter 8: New England
    • First Separatists: 1620, the first Pilgrims or Separatists crossed the Atlantic on the Mayflower.
    • Landed on Plymouth, Massachusetts
    • “ Great Migration.” 1630, a much larger emigration group came to New England under the leadership of John Winthrop.
    • Massachusetts Bay Company: Founded by Winthrop, unlike the Virginia Company though had relocated the company, with it's capital and charter to the new colonies, away from English control.
    • Boston: Established in the early 1630's.
  • 8. Chapter 8: New England
    • The Town: granted lands to men who banded together, much in the same way as a corporation. This was in contrast to Chesapeake practice.
    • The groupings were tighter, with a concentration of people that could uphold defense, support a public school, promote mutual supervision, and most importantly, sustain a well-attended local church.
    • The town now also served the purpose of a local government, in which male property owners could elect local officials
  • 9. Chapter 8: New England
    • After the Restoration, New England began it's decline.
    • The Decline also known as the “Jeremiad,” was the idea of Puritans that the utopia that they had hoped for was not achieved.
    • Declension, more of a myth than anything was brought on by this ideal that Utopia had not been reached.
    • Moreover, Puritan ideals did succeed in America, and compared with other colonies, New England, was able to promote equality, broad opportunity, and a thrift entrepreneurial society.
    • All these ideals brought about by Puritans, are a legacy of this country and are born through these peoples.
    Declension