Colonial america England


Published on

Published in: Spiritual, Travel
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

No Downloads
Total views
On SlideShare
From Embeds
Number of Embeds
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

Colonial america England

  1. 1. American Colonies: England History 140 By Aaron Land
  2. 2. Chapter 6: Virginia <ul><li>Between 1580 and 1620 the unexplored lands between Spanish Florida and French Acadia, were beginning to be colonized by the English. </li></ul><ul><li>Virginia: was named after Elizabeth I, a supposed virgin </li></ul><ul><li>Because England lacked the funds to pursue colonization as a government funded project, England used subcontracted private adventurers who were licensed to explore. </li></ul><ul><li>In this sense, just like with Spanish and French explorers, individuals took the risk </li></ul><ul><li>West Country Men- the well-connected, politically affiliated, who were intent on growing their fortune by expansion. Incl. Sir Francis Drake, Sir Walter Ralegh, Sir Humphrey Gilbert, and others. </li></ul>
  3. 3. Chapter 6: Virginia Push and Pull Factors <ul><li>Enclosure: a policy adopted by aristocratic landlords, which enclosed large tracts of land, forcing many peasants into unemployment </li></ul><ul><li>“ sturdy beggars,” the new group of unemployed, which were affected by new policies were this group. They roamed the land begging and often stealing to survive. </li></ul><ul><li>This would bring about more crime to the cities, making London known for it's rampant crime, prostitution and overcrowding. </li></ul><ul><li>The West Country Men: Promoted the new English colony of Virginia, as an answer to the unemployed, here in Virginia they could find work and regain the respect and confidence they once had. </li></ul>
  4. 4. Chapter 6: Virginia Jamestown, VA <ul><li>1606: London investors incorporate The Virginia Company, granted under King James </li></ul><ul><li>1607: Jamestown founded. </li></ul><ul><li>Jamestown proved to be difficult to survive in, many died within a year of arriving, and the population constantly withered to nearly nothing. </li></ul><ul><li>Captain John Smith: tried to get locals to work, but vagrants proved difficult to boss around. </li></ul><ul><li>Most searched for metals, did not plant corn </li></ul>
  5. 5. Chapter 6: Virginia <ul><li>Late 1610's: Permission of colonists to own and cultivate their own land occurred. This would be essential in allowing the tobacco industry to flourish. </li></ul><ul><li>Farmers now would have a plot of land that they could raise their sustenance goods on (corn, beans, squash) and also raise tobacco, which was a marketable product. </li></ul><ul><li>John Rolfe 1616: taught planters how to cultivate tobacco </li></ul><ul><li>1638: Virginia's tobacco production surges to 3,000,000 pounds, surpassing the West Indies as the largest producer of Tobacco to Europe. </li></ul>
  6. 6. Chapter 8: New England The Puritans <ul><li>“ Middle Sorts,” those who came to New England. Primarily paid their own way, thereby enabling them to maintain their freedom </li></ul><ul><li>A faith based group that upheld the value of glorifying God. </li></ul><ul><li>Did not participate in the Values of The Church of England, and tried to uphold their beliefs and lifestyle in opposite of that and English society as a whole. </li></ul><ul><li>Puritans preached a direct route to God by reading the bible and forming prayer groups. </li></ul>
  7. 7. Chapter 8: New England <ul><li>First Separatists: 1620, the first Pilgrims or Separatists crossed the Atlantic on the Mayflower. </li></ul><ul><li>Landed on Plymouth, Massachusetts </li></ul><ul><li>“ Great Migration.” 1630, a much larger emigration group came to New England under the leadership of John Winthrop. </li></ul><ul><li>Massachusetts Bay Company: Founded by Winthrop, unlike the Virginia Company though had relocated the company, with it's capital and charter to the new colonies, away from English control. </li></ul><ul><li>Boston: Established in the early 1630's. </li></ul>
  8. 8. Chapter 8: New England <ul><li>The Town: granted lands to men who banded together, much in the same way as a corporation. This was in contrast to Chesapeake practice. </li></ul><ul><li>The groupings were tighter, with a concentration of people that could uphold defense, support a public school, promote mutual supervision, and most importantly, sustain a well-attended local church. </li></ul><ul><li>The town now also served the purpose of a local government, in which male property owners could elect local officials </li></ul>
  9. 9. Chapter 8: New England <ul><li>After the Restoration, New England began it's decline. </li></ul><ul><li>The Decline also known as the “Jeremiad,” was the idea of Puritans that the utopia that they had hoped for was not achieved. </li></ul><ul><li>Declension, more of a myth than anything was brought on by this ideal that Utopia had not been reached. </li></ul><ul><li>Moreover, Puritan ideals did succeed in America, and compared with other colonies, New England, was able to promote equality, broad opportunity, and a thrift entrepreneurial society. </li></ul><ul><li>All these ideals brought about by Puritans, are a legacy of this country and are born through these peoples. </li></ul>Declension