MS1 terminology revision 2014


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MS1 terminology revision 2014

  1. 1. MS1 Revision – Key Concepts, Theories &Terminology Technical Codes: 1. Camera Framing Extreme Close Up Close Up Medium close up Medium shot Medium long shot Long shot Extreme long shot Two shot Over the shoulder shot Point of view Hand held Steadi-cam 2. Editing Transitions – moving from shot to shot Cut Fade Wipe Dissolve Iris Split screen Discontinuity Editing Techniques Jump cutting Montage editing – relational cutting Crossing the line Contrapuntal sound 3. Sound Codes: Direct sound Studio sound Wildtrack (asynchronous sound) Diegetic sound Non-diegetic sound On screen Off screen 4. Lighting/Cinematography High key Low key Chiaroscuro B&W (monochrome) 5. Mise en scene and special effects Location Set design Pyrotechnics Genre: Codes (see above list) Film style Expectations/foreknowledge High angle/Low angle Low level/High level Bird’s eye view Voice of God Pan Whip pan Track/dolly Crab Arc Tilt Crane Depth of field – shallow/deep focus Speed (over/under cranked i.e. slo-mo or speeded up. Continuity Editing Techniques Shot Reverse Shot/reverse cutting Match cutting: match on action Eye-line match Insert shot Cut away Parallel cutting Synchronous sound 180 degree rule Parallel sound Contrapuntal sound Sound Bridge Sound effects Theme music Incidental music Leitmotif Natural/artificial/ambient Spot light Colour Soft/hard Colour (de/saturated) Costume, make up and hair Iconography/props CGI Conventions (narrative, characterisation) Iconography/tropes
  2. 2. Narrative: Plot (cliché?) Characters (Archetypes?) ‘Pipe-laying’ Closure/aperture Setting (temporal/geographical) Representation: Construction Signifier Denotation Connotation Anchorage Realism Positive/negative representation Audience: Target Primary Secondary Mass Niche Active/passive theories Constructing the audience Positioning the audience - Preferred, negotiated and oppositional readings (Stuart Hall) Cultural competence Situated culture Cultural experience Gender Age Ethnicity Culture Narrative devices/tropes Hero’s Journey/classical narrative Alternative/counter narrative Exposition (‘sexposition’) Enigma-resolution Social groups/social class Dominant Ideology Hegemony Explicit and implicit values Myth (stereotypes/archetypes) Stereotype Identity Madonna/whore dichotomy Male gaze/scopophilia Beauty Myth/Cult of femininity Socio-economic categories (ABC₁C₂DE) Psychographics (VALS) Lifestyle categories Geodemographics Audience response Hypodermic needle model Two-step flow Uses and Gratifications (Blumler/Katz) Active Passive Interactive ‘Pick and mix’ audience (David Gauntlett) False consciousness False needs Revision Tips  These lists are merely an ‘organising principle’ for concepts and ideas you may have been introduced to across the academic year. Use iLearn& my screencasts to explore and revise gaps in your knowledge.  You should understand that the above ideas, theories and concepts should not be used and understood in isolation but integrated into an active analysis of any media text and wedded to your own examples.  You should practice using these terms and integrate them into your revision programme. This list is far from complete! Please add to it from your class notes and own research! Use your media text book, iLearn and the internet to check anything you do not understand.