Genealogy Boot Camp Session Two:  Federal Census Records  1790-1930
Federal Census Records <ul><li>Mandated by the constitution. </li></ul><ul><li>First Federal Census in 1790. </li></ul><ul...
Where Can I Find the Census Records? <ul><li>Subscription Databases  – Ancestry, Heritage Quest, Footnote.com, etc. </li><...
What Information Might I Find in Census Records? <ul><li>Names of parents </li></ul><ul><li>Names of siblings </li></ul><u...
Who was Recorded in the Census? <ul><li>1790-1840  </li></ul><ul><li>Only heads of household are named.  </li></ul><ul><li...
1840 Census Record Age ranges and sex are given for household members, but not names. Only heads of household are listed b...
1930 Census Record
Using Census Records A Case Study
<ul><li>1930 census is a great place to begin your census research.  </li></ul><ul><li>Choose a relative who was alive in ...
1930 Search Result for Lorraine Black Click on the link to view the Original Image.
1930 Census Record Lorraine D. Black is living with her father, Ralph Black, his wife (presumably her mother) and her gran...
Create a Timeline
Create a Pedigree Chart Lorraine Black b. abt. 1925 in Illinois Ralph A. Black b. abt. 1901 in Rhode Island m. abt. 1923 D...
Search 1920 census for Ralph Black who was born in Rhode Island.
1920 Search Result for Ralph Black
1920 Census Record Ralph A. Black is living with his widowed mother, Mrs. S.E. Black, and his brother, Raymond J. Black. M...
 
What Have We Learned? Lorraine Black b. abt. 1925 in Illinois Ralph A. Black b. abt. 1901 in Rhode Island m. abt. 1923 Dor...
1910 Census
1910 Census Record Direct Evidence: Married for 28 Years in 1910.  Indirect Evidence: Married about 1882 Ralph A. Black is...
Keep adding new information to your family timeline
What Have We Learned? Lorraine Black b. abt. 1925 in Illinois Ralph A. Black b. abt. 1901 in Rhode Island m. abt. 1923 Dor...
1900 Census Search Transcription errors can make searching difficult!
1900 Census Record Same household – next page Edward Black household
Compare information from previous censuses. Does the information match?
 
What Have We Learned? Lorraine Black b. abt. 1925 in Illinois Ralph A. Black b. abt. 1901 in Rhode Island m. abt. 1923 Dor...
1880  Census
1880 Census Record More geographic detail is given for Catharine’s birthplace.  Terschelling is an island in Friesland, a ...
What Have We Learned? Lorraine Black b. abt. 1925 in Illinois Ralph A. Black b. abt. 1901 in Rhode Island m. abt. 1923 Dor...
1880 Census
1880 Census Note the different birthplaces for John Black’s children.  Incorporate this evidence into your timeline. Edwar...
What Have We Learned? Lorraine Black b. abt. 1925 in Illinois Ralph A. Black b. abt. 1901 in Rhode Island m. abt. 1923 Dor...
In Class Activity 1930 Census Record Analysis
Searching Ancestry for Census Records Tips and Tricks
This general search screen gives you limited options and searches only a fragment of what’s available on Ancestry. For bes...
Select an individual census year to search.
 
1930 Census Search Options Narrow your search by entering a birthplace.  (Use states or foreign countries) Only include fa...
Exact Match <ul><li>Results exactly match your search terms. </li></ul><ul><li>Gives you greater control and accuracy. </l...
Soundex Search <ul><li>Accounts for many (but not all!) spelling variations. </li></ul><ul><li>Assigns each surname a code...
Soundex  Results for Karsted (K623)
Ancestry Ranked Search <ul><li>Does not allow for soundex searching or wildcards. </li></ul><ul><li>Search results aren’t ...
Census Search Challenges
Use of Initials
Middle Names & Nicknames 1930 Census 1920 Census
Indexing/Transcription Errors Correct in census.  Wrong in index.
Additional Search Challenges <ul><li>Census Taker Errors  </li></ul><ul><li>“Misspelled” names </li></ul><ul><li>Americani...
For Hard to Find Relatives <ul><li>Try alternate spellings. </li></ul><ul><li>Try phonetic spellings. </li></ul><ul><li>Tr...
Citing Your Census Record
<ul><li>Slides from today’s presentation available at </li></ul><ul><li>www.slideshare.net/aapld </li></ul>
Genealogy BootCamp: Session Two:  Federal Census Records  1790-1930
1860 Slave Schedule
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Federal Census Records 1790-1930

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Genealogy Boot Camp Session Two

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  • S.E. still a widow in 1920 New address Ralph had a brother who was born in Rhode Island.
  • Husband Edward J. Black b. abt. 1860 in R.I. SE immigrated in 1866 married about 1882 Another son - Edward A. b. about 1889 in R.I. One of SE&apos;s children had died before 1910
  • Blue replaces (narrows down) gray entries.
  • Note sister born in Mass.
  • Note sister born in Mass.
  • Sometimes less is more. Note: birthplace = state or country only. Head of household only. Family members = only family members living within the household.
  • Federal Census Records 1790-1930

    1. 1. Genealogy Boot Camp Session Two: Federal Census Records 1790-1930
    2. 2. Federal Census Records <ul><li>Mandated by the constitution. </li></ul><ul><li>First Federal Census in 1790. </li></ul><ul><li>Conducted every 10 years. </li></ul><ul><li>Personal information open to public after 72 years. </li></ul><ul><li>1890 census destroyed in fire. </li></ul>
    3. 3. Where Can I Find the Census Records? <ul><li>Subscription Databases – Ancestry, Heritage Quest, Footnote.com, etc. </li></ul><ul><li>Familysearch.org - Free web site sponsored by LDS Church. </li></ul><ul><li>Microfilm – Available at large genealogical libraries, National Archives and LDS Family History Centers. </li></ul>
    4. 4. What Information Might I Find in Census Records? <ul><li>Names of parents </li></ul><ul><li>Names of siblings </li></ul><ul><li>Places of residence </li></ul><ul><li>Places of Birth </li></ul><ul><li>Native Language </li></ul><ul><li>Approx. year of marriage </li></ul><ul><li>Month and Year of birth (1900 census) </li></ul><ul><li>Year of Immigration </li></ul><ul><li>Naturalization </li></ul><ul><li>Literacy </li></ul><ul><li>Marital Status </li></ul><ul><li>Occupations </li></ul><ul><li>Rent or Own Property </li></ul><ul><li>Native Language </li></ul><ul><li>War Veteran </li></ul>
    5. 5. Who was Recorded in the Census? <ul><li>1790-1840 </li></ul><ul><li>Only heads of household are named. </li></ul><ul><li>Family members, lodgers and slaves are enumerated but not named. </li></ul><ul><li>1850-1930 </li></ul><ul><li>All enumerated household members (except slaves) are named. </li></ul><ul><li>Slaves were enumerated on separate schedules, but they are generally not named. </li></ul>
    6. 6. 1840 Census Record Age ranges and sex are given for household members, but not names. Only heads of household are listed by name.
    7. 7. 1930 Census Record
    8. 8. Using Census Records A Case Study
    9. 9. <ul><li>1930 census is a great place to begin your census research. </li></ul><ul><li>Choose a relative who was alive in 1930 and try searching for them. </li></ul>
    10. 10. 1930 Search Result for Lorraine Black Click on the link to view the Original Image.
    11. 11. 1930 Census Record Lorraine D. Black is living with her father, Ralph Black, his wife (presumably her mother) and her grandmother, Sienna E. Black.
    12. 12. Create a Timeline
    13. 13. Create a Pedigree Chart Lorraine Black b. abt. 1925 in Illinois Ralph A. Black b. abt. 1901 in Rhode Island m. abt. 1923 Dorothy C. b. abt. 1903 in Illinois ? d. prob. bef. 1930 m. prob. bef. 1901 Sienna E. b. abt. 1861 in Holland
    14. 14. Search 1920 census for Ralph Black who was born in Rhode Island.
    15. 15. 1920 Search Result for Ralph Black
    16. 16. 1920 Census Record Ralph A. Black is living with his widowed mother, Mrs. S.E. Black, and his brother, Raymond J. Black. Mrs. S.E. Black was born in Holland. Raymond J. was transcribed Ray Morris J. by the indexer.
    17. 18. What Have We Learned? Lorraine Black b. abt. 1925 in Illinois Ralph A. Black b. abt. 1901 in Rhode Island m. abt. 1923 Dorothy C. b. abt. 1903 in Illinois ? d. prob. bef. 1920 m. prob. bef. 1897 Sienna E. b. abt. 1861 in Holland
    18. 19. 1910 Census
    19. 20. 1910 Census Record Direct Evidence: Married for 28 Years in 1910. Indirect Evidence: Married about 1882 Ralph A. Black is living with his father, Edward J. Black and his mother Sybretekia(?) E. Family sources confirm this was her “ethnic” name. Two additional siblings are revealed.
    20. 21. Keep adding new information to your family timeline
    21. 22. What Have We Learned? Lorraine Black b. abt. 1925 in Illinois Ralph A. Black b. abt. 1901 in Rhode Island m. abt. 1923 Dorothy C. b. abt. 1903 in Illinois Edward Black b. abt. 1860 in Rhode Island d. aft. 1910 m. abt. 1882 Sienna E. /Sybret??ia b. abt. 1861 in Holland ? b. prob. bef. 1844 in Ireland ? b . prob. bef. 1844 in Ireland
    22. 23. 1900 Census Search Transcription errors can make searching difficult!
    23. 24. 1900 Census Record Same household – next page Edward Black household
    24. 25. Compare information from previous censuses. Does the information match?
    25. 27. What Have We Learned? Lorraine Black b. abt. 1925 in Illinois Ralph A. Black b. abt. 1901 in Rhode Island m. abt. 1923 Dorothy C. b. abt. 1903 in Illinois Edward Black b. March 1860 d. aft. 1910 m. abt. 1882 Sienna E./Sybret??ia Dekker b. April 1861 ? Black b. prob. bef. 1844 in Ireland ? b . prob. bef. 1844 in Ireland Ary Dekker b. Jan 1832 in Holland ? b. prob. bef. 1846 d. bef. June 1, 1900
    26. 28. 1880 Census
    27. 29. 1880 Census Record More geographic detail is given for Catharine’s birthplace. Terschelling is an island in Friesland, a province in the Netherlands. Sienna E. is enumerated under her middle name. Or is it really her first name? One of the children was born in Massachusetts. Might this indicate they immigrated through Boston?
    28. 30. What Have We Learned? Lorraine Black b. abt. 1925 in Illinois Ralph A. Black b. abt. 1901 in Rhode Island m. abt. 1923 Dorothy C. b. abt. 1903 in Illinois Edward Black b. March 1860 in Rhode Island d. aft. 1910 m. abt. 1882 Sienna E./Sybret??ia Dekker b. April 1861 in Holland ? Black b. prob. bef. 1844 in Ireland ? b . prob. bef. 1844 in Ireland Ary Dekker b. Jan 1832 in Holland Catherine b. abt. 1833 in Terschelling, Friesland, Netherlands d. bef. June 1, 1900
    29. 31. 1880 Census
    30. 32. 1880 Census Note the different birthplaces for John Black’s children. Incorporate this evidence into your timeline. Edward J. Black is living with his Irish father, John Black, and his presumed mother Jane. Five siblings are also identified.
    31. 33. What Have We Learned? Lorraine Black b. abt. 1925 in Illinois Ralph A. Black b. abt. 1901 in Rhode Island m. abt. 1923 Dorothy C. b. abt. 1903 in Illinois Edward Black b. March 1860 in Rhode Island d. aft. 1910 m. abt. 1882 Sienna E./Sybret??ia Dekker b. April 1861 in Holland ? John Black b. abt. 1813 in Ireland m. prob. bef. 1847 ? Jane b . abt. 1821 in Ireland Ary Dekker b. Jan 1832 in Holland Catherine b. abt. 1833 in Terschelling d. bef. June 1, 1900
    32. 34. In Class Activity 1930 Census Record Analysis
    33. 35. Searching Ancestry for Census Records Tips and Tricks
    34. 36. This general search screen gives you limited options and searches only a fragment of what’s available on Ancestry. For best results, search each census year individually.
    35. 37. Select an individual census year to search.
    36. 39. 1930 Census Search Options Narrow your search by entering a birthplace. (Use states or foreign countries) Only include family members if they were living together in the same household in 1930. Change the birth year range from 0 to 2 to accommodate for some variance in reported ages.
    37. 40. Exact Match <ul><li>Results exactly match your search terms. </li></ul><ul><li>Gives you greater control and accuracy. </li></ul><ul><li>Allows you to use wildcards ( * and ?) </li></ul>
    38. 41. Soundex Search <ul><li>Accounts for many (but not all!) spelling variations. </li></ul><ul><li>Assigns each surname a code based on how it sounds. </li></ul>
    39. 42. Soundex Results for Karsted (K623)
    40. 43. Ancestry Ranked Search <ul><li>Does not allow for soundex searching or wildcards. </li></ul><ul><li>Search results aren’t always very relevant. </li></ul><ul><li>Give it a try, but don’t count on it always working. </li></ul>When Exact match is unchecked, Ancestry uses the information you provide to find potential matches for you.
    41. 44. Census Search Challenges
    42. 45. Use of Initials
    43. 46. Middle Names & Nicknames 1930 Census 1920 Census
    44. 47. Indexing/Transcription Errors Correct in census. Wrong in index.
    45. 48. Additional Search Challenges <ul><li>Census Taker Errors </li></ul><ul><li>“Misspelled” names </li></ul><ul><li>Americanization of Given Names </li></ul><ul><li>Changing Surnames </li></ul><ul><li>Changing County Boundaries </li></ul>
    46. 49. For Hard to Find Relatives <ul><li>Try alternate spellings. </li></ul><ul><li>Try phonetic spellings. </li></ul><ul><li>Try searching for last names without first names, or vice versa. </li></ul><ul><li>Try searching by location without any names, but limit by age, location, and birthplace. </li></ul><ul><li>Try browsing images by enumeration district. </li></ul><ul><li>Try searching for your ancestor’s neighbors. </li></ul>
    47. 50. Citing Your Census Record
    48. 51. <ul><li>Slides from today’s presentation available at </li></ul><ul><li>www.slideshare.net/aapld </li></ul>
    49. 52. Genealogy BootCamp: Session Two: Federal Census Records 1790-1930
    50. 53. 1860 Slave Schedule
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