First farmers
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First farmers



Agriculture Revolution

Agriculture Revolution



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First farmers Presentation Transcript

  • 1. First Farmers: The Revolution of AgricultureAssignment 3
    By: Alexis Apgar
  • 2. The Last Ice Age70,000 BCE – 10,000 BCE
    The Agricultural Revolution coincided with the end
    of the last Ice Age.
    At the end of the last Ice Age human migration
    across the earth began.
  • 3. The Neolithic Age10,000 BCE – 4,000 BCE“Neolithic”“New Stone” Age
    Gradual shift from:
    Nomadic lifestyle settled, stationery lifestyle.
    Hunting/Gathering  agricultural production and domestication of animals.
    Transition to agriculture: 11,000 – 8,500 B.C.E.
    Extinction of some large animals due to hunting and climate change led to scarce food.
    Warmer, wetter weather allowed more plants to grow.
    Gathering and hunting peoples started to establish more permanent homes in resource-rich areas.
    Growing crops on a regular basis made possible the support of larger populations.
  • 4. The Agricultural Revolution8,000 BCE – 5,000 BCE
    Agriculture developed independently
    In different
    parts of the world.
    Rise of settled
    Villages parallels
    Origin of agriculture.
  • 5. The Fertile Crescent
    The Fertile Crescent was the first region to have a full Agricultural Revolution.
    Domestication: figs, wheat, barley, rye, peas, lentils, sheep, goats, pigs, and cattle.
  • 6. Eastern Sahara
    In Africa animals were
    Domesticated first unlike
    Elsewhere where plants
    Were domesticated first.
    Africa had scattered
    Farming practices. In the
    East was the grain
    Sorghum. In the highlands
    Of Ethiopia was the highly
    Nutritious grain teff. In
    West Africa yams, oil palm
    Trees, okra, and the kola
    This scattered form of
    Farming was a less
    Productive way of farming
    Then in the region
    Of the Fertile Crescent.
  • 7. In the Americas there was an absence of animals that could be domesticated So the peoples of America relied heavily on hunting and fishing. Furthermore, they lacked the rich cereal grains like in Afro-Eurasia instead they had maize.
  • 8. Advantages & Costs of Agriculture
    Steady food supplies
    Greater populations
    Leads to organized societies
    Heavily dependent on certain food crops (failure=starvation)
    Disease from close contact with animals, humans, and waste
    Population growth prevents return to the hunting and gathering life.
  • 9. New Technology
    Explosion of new technology
    Pots, vases, and dishes
    A new set of technological changes
    • New uses for domesticated animals milking, riding, hitching them to plows and carts.
  • Social Variation in the Age of Agriculture
    Pastoral Societies
    In Central Asia, the Arabian Peninsula, the Sahara, and in parts of eastern and southern Africa people depended heavily on their animals and became herders, pastoralists, or nomads.
    Agricultural Village Societies
    Settled village based farms maintenance of equality and freedom: no kings, chiefs, bureaucrats, and aristocrats.
    Organized by kinship, group, or lineage performed the functions of its government.
    Chiefs, unlike kings rely on generosity, ritual status, or charisma to govern, not force.
    Locations include Mesopotamia, Pacific Islands, and North America.