Congestion In Tehran

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Congestion In Tehran

  1. 1. Traffic Congestion in Tehran <ul><li>Arefeh A. Nasri </li></ul><ul><li>Rutgers University </li></ul>
  2. 2. Overview <ul><li>More than 14 million people live in Tehran which covers the area of 800 square kilometers. </li></ul><ul><li>There about 3 million cars and 2 million motorcycles in Tehran. </li></ul><ul><li>Over 12 million trips are made daily in the city. </li></ul>
  3. 3. Tehran’s Traffic
  4. 4. Causes of Congestion <ul><li>Population growth </li></ul><ul><li>Huge number of cars and exceeded use of private owned vehicles </li></ul><ul><li>Low capacity of roadways (16,500 km long) </li></ul><ul><li>Lack of efficient public transportation system </li></ul>
  5. 5. Causes of Congestion (cont’d) <ul><li>Bad driving habits and offensive behavior </li></ul><ul><li>Cheap price of gasoline (subsidized gas) </li></ul><ul><li>Land use and job sprawl </li></ul>
  6. 6. Consequences of Congestion <ul><li>Increased travel time </li></ul><ul><li>Increase in fuel consumption </li></ul><ul><li>High accident risk and drivers’ stress </li></ul><ul><li>Air and noise pollution </li></ul>
  7. 7. Tactics of Reducing Congestion <ul><li>Expanding public transportation system </li></ul><ul><li>Decreasing the number of POVs in the streets </li></ul><ul><li>Improving traffic behaviors </li></ul><ul><li>Decreasing peak-hour trips by shifting them to other times of the day </li></ul>
  8. 8. Public Transportation Mode Share
  9. 9. Tactics of Reducing Congestion (cont’d) <ul><li>Encouraging shared ride </li></ul><ul><li>Restricting motor vehicle traffic in central and overcrowded areas </li></ul><ul><li>Establishing traffic management and control centers </li></ul><ul><li>Implementing the policy of gas rationing </li></ul>
  10. 10. Map of Tehran Traffic Zone
  11. 11. Tactics of Developing Public Transportation System <ul><li>Expanding the existing bus network </li></ul><ul><li>Increasing the coverage of public transportation network </li></ul><ul><li>Developing special bus lanes and BRT lanes </li></ul><ul><li>Increasing subway ridership capacity </li></ul>
  12. 12. My Suggestions <ul><li>Providing people with good facilities of walking and cycling </li></ul><ul><li>Encouraging more people to work at home </li></ul><ul><li>Developing e-commerce or mobile commerce to reduce personal trips </li></ul>
  13. 13. Thanks for your attention… تشکر

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