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English 2 slides
English 2 slides
English 2 slides
English 2 slides
English 2 slides
English 2 slides
English 2 slides
English 2 slides
English 2 slides
English 2 slides
English 2 slides
English 2 slides
English 2 slides
English 2 slides
English 2 slides
English 2 slides
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English 2 slides

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Transcript

  • 1. English II Technical and Business Writing
  • 2. Technical Writing  Technical writing introduces you to some of the most important aspects of writing in the world of science, technology, and business the kind of writing that scientist, nurses, doctor computer specialists, government…..(Not typed..)
  • 3. Technical Writing  The term “Technical” to knowledge that is not wide spread, that is more the territory or experts and specialists.  Whatever your major is, you are developing an expertise and whenever you try to write anything about your field, you are engaged in technical writing.
  • 4. Technical Writing     Technical communication can be written, oral, and visual. Technical writing is composed in and for the workplace. Technical writing is a significant factor in working experience for a variety of reasons. Technical writing serves valuable purposes in the workplace and often involves teamwork.
  • 5. Importance of Teamwork  Business and industry have expectation about the result of teamwork.  Business management philosophies depend upon teamwork.  Total quantity management (TQM) and six sigma (continuous improvement) programs encourage efficient teamwork.  Strategies for successful collaboration can improve outcomes.
  • 6. Purpose of Technical Writing  Technical writing is the delivery of technical information to readers in a manner that is adapted to their needs, level of understanding, and background.  Technical writing is intended to communicate to a specific audience, for a specific purpose.
  • 7. The Audience  The audience element is so important that it is one of the cornerstones of technical writing.  You are challenged to write about highly technical subjects but in a way that a beginner a non-specialist could understand.
  • 8. Translating Technical Writing  In a world of rapid technological development, people are constantly falling behind and becoming technological illiterates.  As a technical writer, you mean to write about the area of specialization you know and plan to write about in such a way that even Granddad can understand it.
  • 9. Goals of Effective technical Writing  Clarity  Conciseness  Accuracy  Organization  Ethics
  • 10. 1.Clarity Methods for developing ideas precisely  An expressive essay can clarify the writer’s intent through emotional, impressionistic connotative words(soon, many, several etc.)  An impressionistic word such as “near” will mean different things to different people which is an essay where the goal may be to convey a feeling.  The ultimate goal of effective technical writing is to say same thing to every reader
  • 11. Specify: Provide specific detail.  Avoid vague words (some, recently).  Avoid obscure words.  Use easily understood words.  Write to express, not to impress.  Write to communicate, not a confuse.  Use the active versus the passive voice.  Write way you speak e.g. Aforementioned => already discussed In lean of => Instead
  • 12. 2.Conciseness  Limit paragraph word, and sentence length.  A paragraph in a memo, letter or short consist of  No more than four to six typed lines OR  No more than fifty words.  Fog Index(sixth to eighth grade level)  Strive for an average of 15 words per sentence.  No more than 5 multisyllabic words per 100 words.
  • 13. 3.Accuracy Accuracy The importance of correct grammar and mechanical errors.
  • 14. 4.Organization  Method       of organizing:- Spatial a definition. General to specific => Comparison Chorological => Mechanism Description => situations-problemsolution. Process description Classification
  • 15. Ethics methods encouraging moral standards in technical writing. Practical Legal Moral
  • 16. The writing process is effective and easy Pre-writing Writing Re-writing

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