Edmonda U00a4
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Edmonda U00a4

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    Edmonda U00a4 Edmonda U00a4 Document Transcript

    • America In The Beginning
      Who were the first Americans?
      This land bridge is known as __________.
      Animals like mammoths crossed the bridge or ___________ to the America's.
      This caused ocean levels to _drop ____
      and expose ____land ______.
      In the Bering straight a __land bridge _______ appeared connecting
      ____Siberia the _______the Americans ____& _______________
      30,000 years ago During a period of low temperatures called an __ice age ________
      The world was covered in _glaciers __
      or sheets of ice.
      How and why did they come here?
    • America In The Beginning
      What happened when they came to America?
      The ice age ended _warming___________ up glaciers causing water levels to __rise________ covering up the ___land bridge______ ________.
      Some animals died off like _______mammoths_____.
      Living in many different parts of the Americas the Natives needed to adjust or _adapt________ to every thing in the new surrounds that made up each of their own ____environments_________
      in order to ___survive_______.
      How did they meet their new needs?
      Hunter's in Asia who moved from place to place to find food or __nomads___________ followed the mammoths and spread out or __migrated_________ to the America's
    • How did Native Americans adjust to the new environments?
      America In The Beginning
      Different groups in different environments developed their own beliefs and ways of life or culture. Groups in the same environments adapted similar life styles, and language creating cultural region .
      Many Native American have these things in common.
      1. Nature has a spirit & believe in many gods.
      2. No one can own land
      4. Only use what is needed(no waste)
      5. trade was important to most societies
      Living in many different parts of the Americas the Natives used the different natural recourses in their own different environments for food, clothing, and shelter.
      What did they have in common?
    • 8 Cultural
      Regions
      California
      Great Basin
      Great Plains
      South East
      Eastern Woodlands
      North West Coast
      Plateau
      South West
    • 8 Cultural Regions
    • North West Coast
      Weather:
      long cold winters
      cool summers
      heavy rainfall
      Natural Resources:
      ocean/beaches
      thick forests of fir,
      spruce, and cedar
      rugged mountains
      seafood/salmon
      deer, moose, bear, elk,
      beaver, mountain goats
      Used cedar canoes to hunt
      Fenced in salmon laying eggs
      used cedar to make rope, mats and baskets
      shell needles
      used wedges, sledge hammers,
      drills, and knifes to carve wooden masks
      Clothing:
      Cedar water proof clothing like capes with
      decorative shell buttons
      Shelter: lived near the coast
      Cedar Long Houses with cedar bark roofs
    • California
      Weather:
      rainy winters
      hot dry summers
      Natural Resources:
      ocean/coast
      foothills
      valley's
      deserts
      mountains
      acorns, oak trees
      grass, and plants
      redwood trees
      salmon/seafood/shellfish
      deer, rabbits, ducks,
      roots berries, pine nuts
      Used Bows& arrows, snares, and nets, used cooking stones to heat acorn meal
      tools from antlers
      Clothing: grass/leather aprons and skirts
      Shelter: Cone shaped made of redwood bark, pole, and reeds woven into mats
    • Great Basin
      Weather:
      little rain
      hot during the day
      cold at night
      Natural Resources:
      mostly dessert
      low areas surrounded by
      mountains at the edges
      with valleys that had
      seasonal lakes and streams
      plants that need little water like
      grasses, sagebrush, pinon trees,
      at the outer edges pine trees, and willow
      small animals rabbits, lizards,
      grasshoppers, snakes
      sometimes ducks , duck eggs during certain seasons
      seeds,berries pine nuts, roots, cattail
      Tools: water baskets sealed with tree sap
      Floating duck decoys, nets, sharp sticks, flat baskets for catching seeds
      Clothing: rabbit robes in winter
      Shelter: Nomadic temporary cone shelters of willow, brush and reeds
    • Plateau
      Weather:
      long cold winters
      comfortable summers
      Natural Resources:
      mountains with
      dense forests in areas
      flatter in the center with
      drier grass lands
      rivers
      driftwood, mud, dirt,
      grass and sage brush
      fish, antelope, deer, seeds
      onions, carrots, camas roots, salmon
      Tools: woven baskets, willow digging sticks, wooden fishing platforms, nets, and spears for salmon
      Clothing: antelope and deer hides leggings, dresses and skirts, woven hats, seed and shell designs
      Shelter: near rivers, partly under ground out of driftwood, mud, sap, and reeds
    • Great Plains
      Weather:
      cold winters
      hot summers
      Natural Resources:
      mountains surrounding edges
      treeless grasslands in the center
      east more water and softer soil
      west drier dense grass
      Buffalo and smaller animals
      Culture:
      Tools: bow made of buffalo tendon, arrows, V shaped stone trap, fire, bone knives, shields,
      Clothing: Buffalo robes and hides
      Shelter: Houses called tipis
    • South West
      Weather:
      high temperatures
      little rain
      dry/arid
      Natural Resources:
      mountains, canyons
      desserts, flat top mesas
      rivers, little water
      clay, brightly colored plants, cotton
      corn, beans, squash, peppers, rabbits
      large thick walled houses made of bricks of adobe(sun baked clay). Up to 4 stories and had hundreds of rooms.
      Clothes were made of cotton that they grew. Using plants and minerals, they dyed the fabric
      Lived near naturally flooded areas. Men dug irrigation ditches, and also built dams to hold summer rain.
      Women spend most the day grinding corn kernels into cornmeal. They used clay pots to cook stews and pueblo name of apartments
    • Eastern Woodlands
      Weather:
      snowy winters , rain
      Natural Resources:
      rivers, ocean/coast
      lots of lakes and streams
      Forests, plants,
      maple trees, elm,
      deer, bears, beavers, birds, fish
      corn, sunflowers, tobacco, vegetables,
      nuts, berries
      sections of the house.
      Skirts, capes, and moccasins were made out of deer skins.
      Women ground corn with wooden sticks .
      Men often paddled on the rivers and streams in log and bark canoes . They trapped beavers, hunted deer, bear, caught birds, and speared fish.
      For farming land, men burnt small sections of trees and underbrush. Women did the hoeing and planting. They planted many different types of corn, beans and squash. Made maple syrup and wooden storage canisters.
      Long House: Sturdy, log-framed houses covered with elm bark, about 20 feet wide and over 100 feet long. Several related families live in sections of the house.
      Skirts, capes, and moccasins were made out of deer skins.
      Women ground corn with wooden sticks .
      Men often paddled on the rivers and streams in log and bark canoes . They trapped beavers, hunted deer, bear, caught birds, and speared fish.
      For farming land, men burnt small sections of trees and underbrush. Women did the hoeing and planting. They planted many different types of corn, beans and squash. Made maple syrup and wooden storage canisters.
    • South East
      Weather:
      long warm humid summers
      mild winters
      Natural Resources:
      rivers, ocean/coast
      Fertile coastal plains
      mountains,
      swamps
      Trees, clay, shells,
      corn, beans, squash, pumpkins,
      sunflowers, sweet potatoes
      squirrels, rabbits, turkeys,
      deer, alligators, turtles,
      wild rice, persimmons