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A Smarter Planet

A Smarter Planet



Cool presentation on how we are making the world a smarter planet

Cool presentation on how we are making the world a smarter planet



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    A Smarter Planet A Smarter Planet Presentation Transcript

    • A butterfly flaps its wings in China,
    • and sometime later a thunderstorm drenchesChicago.
    • We’ve all heard somevariation of thatdescription -- of howone event cancontribute to seeminglyunrelated eventthrough a series ofexquisitely intricateinteractions.
    • This old proverb can apply directly to the way ourworld works – the way every person, business,government, natural system, and man-made systeminteracts.
    • Intelligence is no longer the domain of individualinventors, laboring for years in isolation, and thenbringing out their inventions for the rest of the world toapply.
    • It happens faster now, and diffuses much more rapidlyinto our everyday lives.
    • It’s open, multidisciplinary and inherently collaborative-- taking place across communities and among millionsof people we will never meet.
    • Now, the list of problems we face is well-known: Afinancial crisis; climate disruption; energy geopolitics;food supply hazards.
    • What they show is that were all connected, today like neverbefore: economically, socially and technologically.Like the butterfly flapping its wings, when a crisis occurs on onepart of the planet, it can bring problems to another part, withindays or even hours.
    • For example, consider how gridlocked our cities are:traffic congestion in the United States costs $78 billiona year. That’s 4.2 billion lost hours and 2.9 billiongallons of wasted gasoline – and that’s not evencounting the impact on our air quality.
    • Consider how inefficient our supply chains are:Consumer product and retail industries lose about $40billion a year due to supply chain inefficiencies. Thatlost money could be put to better use.
    • Consider how our planet’s water supply is drying up:water use has risen at twice the rate of populationgrowth, or sixfold, since the 1900s, while half theworld’s people lack adequate sanitation.
    • And consider how antiquated our healthcare system is: In truth, itisn’t a “system” at all. It doesn’t link from diagnosis, to drugdiscovery, to healthcare deliverers, to insurers, to employers.Meanwhile, personal expenditures on health now push more than100 million people worldwide below the poverty line each year.
    • So were headed for a wall at breakneck speed. Andevery day that we dont address the problems facingour society is another day closer to squandering thefuture instead of winning it.
    • But there’s good news.
    • The systems and technologies that underpin somuch of how the world works are becomingsmarter.
    • We live in a time of unprecedented advances in everysector of human endeavor. New advances bring newideas, which can have a profound and positive impacton our planet.
    • In the IT industry alone, we’re seeing the coming of ageof a whole new generation of intelligent systems andtechnologies -- more powerful and accessible than everbefore.
    • In the same way that theHubble telescope changed400 years of thinking aboutthe physical universe,today the infusion ofintelligence into society’ssystems will change theway the world literallyworks.
    • These systems and processes enable physical goodsto be developed, manufactured, bought and sold;services to be delivered; everything from people andmoney to oil, water and electrons to move; and billionsof people to work and live.
    • Three things have brought this about. First, the world is becominginstrumented. Imagine, if you can, a billion transistors for everyhuman being. Were almost there. Sensors are being embeddedeverywhere: in cars, appliances, cameras, roads, pipelines…evenin medicine and livestock.
    • Second, the world is becoming interconnected – 1.2 billionpeople, millions of businesses and perhaps a trillion devicesaccess the World Wide Web today. And by 2011, it isestimated that the Internet will reach 2 billion people, ornearly one-third of the population.
    • And with computational power now being put into things wewouldnt recognize as computers, any person, any object, anyprocess or service and any organization—large or small—canbecome digitally aware, connected and smart. Think of a trillionconnected and intelligent things, and the oceans of data they willproduce.
    • Third, all of those instrumented and interconnectedthings are becoming intelligent. This means they canlink to powerful new backend systems that canprocess all that data, and to advanced analyticscapable of turning it into real insight, in real time.
    • These new ways to work and think generate not justnew products, but industries, not just new knowledge,but new ways of working together.
    • What wasn’t visible before is becoming visible for thefirst time, and this will change the conventionalwisdom about our planet’s infrastructure forever.
    • Picture a smarter globalfood system that usesclever RFID tags to tracemeat and poultry from thefarm through the supplychain to the store shelf –eradicating spoilage andwaste.
    • Picture a pharmaceutical company using grid computing and datamining to analyze large amounts of information to help doctorsmake better diagnoses and treatment decisions, develop newdrugs, and predict health issues before they happen – bycrunching data in days and weeks instead of months and years.
    • Picture home appliances equipped with automation software andadvanced analytical tools that are smart enough to tell you howefficiently they are running, shut themselves off when energy usepeaks, or perform diagnostic tests without you having to call arepair person.
    • Picture an innovative, high-tech computing system that curedtraffic gridlock in Stockholm Sweden by directly identifyingand charging vehicles depending on the time of day – higherduring peak times, lower during off peak hours.
    • Oil exploration, earthquake prediction, watermanagement – even the search for alien life in theuniverse – have begun to use smart systems to find thebig answers to the big questions.
    • The success of projects like these signals the coming of agefor a whole new generation of technologies -- more powerfuland accessible than ever before.
    • But as with any intelligentsystem, you need morethan just cutting-edgetechnology to besuccessful. You need toanalyze how things flow,
    • how people interact,
    • how processes can be more productive andhuman,
    • and then bring together the abundance oftechnologies, skills, approaches and capabilities thatmakes true innovation possible.
    • We live in a complex universe. Throughout humanhistory weve attempted to illuminate thosecomplexities – to explain them, predict where they willlead us, and search for ways to use them.
    • Will we ever know which butterfly causedwhich storm? Or whats out there waiting for usamong the stars?
    • With all of these smart technologies and systems athand, we have a chance to journey into unchartedterrain, to experiment, be more creative, rethinkassumptions,
    • and stretch our limits as far as the mind canimagine.
    • Click on image for the narrated YouTube version: