Server side technologies
ASP.Net
Amelina Ahmeti, Sultonmamad, Usman
Web Technologies – Prof. Dr. Ulrik Schroeder – WS 2010...
Commonly used objects
 The brain:
 Client
 Server
 File and folder
 License
Web Technologies2
<html>
…
</html>
Can yo...
Overview
 The need for ASP.Net
 Introduction to ASP.Net
 .Net Framework
 .aspx and Code Behind files
 Page Life Cycle...
Objectives
 Introduction to ASP.Net
 Basic Advantages
 Some Examples
Web Technologies4
ASP – Active Server Pages
 Server-side scripts
 Also client-side scripts
 Validate user inputs
 Access database
 ASP ...
WHY NOT CONTINUE WITH ASP???
Web Technologies6
Problems with ASP
 Interpreted and Loosely typed code
 Late binding of Variables
 Uses Jscript or VBScript
 Mixes layo...
Problems with ASP
 No real state management
 Process Dependent
 Server Farm Limitations
 Cookie Dependent
 Update fil...
THE RESPONSE – ASP.NET
Web Technologies9
ASP.Net – Issues to Address
 Make sure ASP runs fine
 Since ASP was widely used
 Introduction of .Net Framework
 ASP.D...
ASP.Net – Advantages
 Separation of Code from HTML
 Completely separate Presentation from Business Logic
 Examples
1 In...
Simple Page with a GridView
Web Technologies12
Markup
Web Technologies13
Code Behind File
Web Technologies14
WHAT’S NEW THEN???
Web Technologies15
Simple Page with a GridView 2
Web Technologies16
Markup
Web Technologies17
Code Behind
Web Technologies18
ASP.Net - Advantages
 Support for compiled languages
 Strong typing
 OOP
 Pre-compilation to Byte Code and JIT compila...
ASP.Net - Advantages
 Graphical Development Environment
 Drag and Drop Controls
 Set the properties graphically
 Intel...
ASP.Net - Advantages
 Update files while the server is running!
 Components could be updated while Application is runnin...
ASP.Net - Overview
 Server side technology
 Web Forms used to build Web Applications
 Provides services to create and u...
.Net - Framework
1 Introduction23
Short Description of Framework
1 Introduction24
ASP.Net - Files
 A simple ASP.Net file consists of two files
 Presentation (.aspx)
 Code Behind (.aspx.cs for C#)
 Web...
Execution Cycle
 Request aspx page
 ASP.Net runtime parses file for code to be compiled
 Generation of Page class (ASP....
Execution Process
 Compiling the code
 First time request
 Code compiled to MSIL(Microsoft Intermediate Language)
 Sim...
PAGE LIFE CYCLE
1 Introduction28
Page Request
 IIS determines what type of request it is.
 ASP.Net requests are forwarded to ISAPI
 Decision is made to ...
Start
 ASP.Net Environment is created
 If the Application has been called first time then the
Application Domain is crea...
Initialization
 Server Controls on the page are initialized
 UniqueID of each control is set
 Skins are applied to cont...
Load
 ViewState is re-constituted
 Controls are loaded with data from ViewState and Control
State if this is a PostBack ...
PostBack Event Handling
 Event handlers for server controls are called.
 Validation controls perform their validation on...
Rendering
 ViewState is saved for the page and controls.
 Page calls the Render method of all the server controls, and
t...
Unload
 Page specific properties are unloaded
 Request
 Response
 Clean up is performed.
CONTROLS
ASP.Net Controls
 HTML server controls
 Web server controls
 Validation controls
 User controls
HTML Server Controls
 HTML elements on an ASP.NET Web page are not available
to the server.
 treated as opaque text and ...
Web Server Controls
 A second set of controls designed for a different emphasis
 Do not necessarily map one-to-one to HT...
Validation Controls
 Do client side validation like
 Input required for a text box
 Test against a specific value
 Tes...
User Controls
 Controls created by the User as ASP.Net webpages
 Can be embedded in other pages
 Re-usability and Power...
POST BACK, VIEW STATE AND SESSION
CONTROL
Post Back
 Server controls
 Post Back to the same page
 Server control initiated request
View State
 Persist state across PostBacks (Same Page)
 Programmatic changes to the page's state
 No free lunches
 Cos...
Preserving Data Across Pages
 Session
 InProc
 StateServer
 SqlServer
 Cookies
 QueryString
 Cookie Independant
CONFIGURATION FILES
Web Technologies46
Global.asax
 Declare application level Events and Objects
 Code for events like
 Application Start
 Application End
 ...
Web.config
 Stores configuration information in XML format
 Optional
 Allows for creating Name, Value pairs that could ...
COMPARISON WITH PHP
Web Technologies49
 Believed that PHP is faster
 No proof available
 ASP.Net is a platform
 C#/VB.Net used for server operation
 ASP.Net...
 Database connectivity
 PHP used for DB connectivity
 ASP.Net uses Framework to access DB
 Object Oriented Design
 AS...
 Web Server
 PHP
 Runs on both IIS and Apache, hence platform independent
 ASP.Net
 Runs only on IIS
 Data Security
...
Summary
Web Technologies53
Outlook
Web Technologies54
References
 www.w3schools.com
 www.codeproject.com
 msdn.microsoft.com
1 Introduction55
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Asp dot net long

  1. 1. Server side technologies ASP.Net Amelina Ahmeti, Sultonmamad, Usman Web Technologies – Prof. Dr. Ulrik Schroeder – WS 2010/111 The slides are licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License
  2. 2. Commonly used objects  The brain:  Client  Server  File and folder  License Web Technologies2 <html> … </html> Can you ask a clever question?
  3. 3. Overview  The need for ASP.Net  Introduction to ASP.Net  .Net Framework  .aspx and Code Behind files  Page Life Cycle  Controls  State Management  Configuration Files  Some Examples  ASP.Net v/s PHP Web Technologies3
  4. 4. Objectives  Introduction to ASP.Net  Basic Advantages  Some Examples Web Technologies4
  5. 5. ASP – Active Server Pages  Server-side scripts  Also client-side scripts  Validate user inputs  Access database  ASP provides solutions for transaction processing and managing session state.  One of the most successful languages for Web development. 1 Introduction5
  6. 6. WHY NOT CONTINUE WITH ASP??? Web Technologies6
  7. 7. Problems with ASP  Interpreted and Loosely typed code  Late binding of Variables  Uses Jscript or VBScript  Mixes layout (HTML) and logic (scripting code)  Frequent switches between HTML and ASP code  Hard to separate Content and Business Logic  Limited Development and Debugging Tools  Visual InterDev, Macromedia helped  Debugging done using “Response.Write()” 1 Introduction7
  8. 8. Problems with ASP  No real state management  Process Dependent  Server Farm Limitations  Cookie Dependent  Update files only when server is down  To update components based site you have to stop the server  If not Application fails  Obscure Configuration Settings  Configurations stored in IIS Metabase  Difficult to port application 1 Introduction8
  9. 9. THE RESPONSE – ASP.NET Web Technologies9
  10. 10. ASP.Net – Issues to Address  Make sure ASP runs fine  Since ASP was widely used  Introduction of .Net Framework  ASP.DLL not modified while installing framework  IIS could run ASP and ASP.Net simultaneously  Overcome the short comings in ASP 1 Introduction10
  11. 11. ASP.Net – Advantages  Separation of Code from HTML  Completely separate Presentation from Business Logic  Examples 1 Introduction11
  12. 12. Simple Page with a GridView Web Technologies12
  13. 13. Markup Web Technologies13
  14. 14. Code Behind File Web Technologies14
  15. 15. WHAT’S NEW THEN??? Web Technologies15
  16. 16. Simple Page with a GridView 2 Web Technologies16
  17. 17. Markup Web Technologies17
  18. 18. Code Behind Web Technologies18
  19. 19. ASP.Net - Advantages  Support for compiled languages  Strong typing  OOP  Pre-compilation to Byte Code and JIT compilation  Subsequent requests directed to cached copy until source changes  Mostly used languages are  VB.Net  C#  Use services provided by the .NET Framework  Class libraries provided for different tasks  Data Access  Access to Operating system  Input / Output  Debugging made a lot easier 1 Introduction19
  20. 20. ASP.Net - Advantages  Graphical Development Environment  Drag and Drop Controls  Set the properties graphically  IntelliSense Support  Code (VB.Net/C#)  HTML  XML  State Management  Problems with ASP state management addressed  Can be recovered even if connection is lost  Discussed in detail later 1 Introduction20
  21. 21. ASP.Net - Advantages  Update files while the server is running!  Components could be updated while Application is running  Server automatically starts using new version  Old version kept in memory until the clients have finished  XML-Based Configuration Files  Easy to read and modify  Ease in application portability 1 Introduction21
  22. 22. ASP.Net - Overview  Server side technology  Web Forms used to build Web Applications  Provides services to create and use Web Services  Controls  HTML Controls  Web Server Control  User Controls  Ease of application development 1 Introduction22
  23. 23. .Net - Framework 1 Introduction23
  24. 24. Short Description of Framework 1 Introduction24
  25. 25. ASP.Net - Files  A simple ASP.Net file consists of two files  Presentation (.aspx)  Code Behind (.aspx.cs for C#)  Web Services have the extension .asmx  Configuration Files  Global.asax (also has a code behind file)  Optional file containing global logic  Web.config  Application Configuration file  Allows defining Name, Value pairs that could be accessed by application 1 Introduction25
  26. 26. Execution Cycle  Request aspx page  ASP.Net runtime parses file for code to be compiled  Generation of Page class (ASP.Net Page)  Instantiates server controls  Populates server controls  Rendering of Controls  HTML generation by painting of controls  Send the HTML to client browser 1 Introduction26
  27. 27. Execution Process  Compiling the code  First time request  Code compiled to MSIL(Microsoft Intermediate Language)  Similar to Assembly Language  Used to achieve platform independency  Not the target what Microsoft wants  CPU independence  Efficient conversion to Native code  CLR(Common Language Runtime) compiles the code  A copy of Page is Cached  Used until changes are made to the page, and it needs to be compiled again 1 Introduction27
  28. 28. PAGE LIFE CYCLE 1 Introduction28
  29. 29. Page Request  IIS determines what type of request it is.  ASP.Net requests are forwarded to ISAPI  Decision is made to either parse or compile the page  Or we could just render an existing copy in the Cache.
  30. 30. Start  ASP.Net Environment is created  If the Application has been called first time then the Application Domain is created  Page Objects are created  Request  Response  Context  Set the IsPostBack property
  31. 31. Initialization  Server Controls on the page are initialized  UniqueID of each control is set  Skins are applied to controls  Master Page and themes are applied
  32. 32. Load  ViewState is re-constituted  Controls are loaded with data from ViewState and Control State if this is a PostBack request
  33. 33. PostBack Event Handling  Event handlers for server controls are called.  Validation controls perform their validation on the data in the controls and set IsValid property of each Validation Control and the Page.
  34. 34. Rendering  ViewState is saved for the page and controls.  Page calls the Render method of all the server controls, and they all render themselves on the page.  This rendering is done in the OutputStream object of page’s Response Property, and the HTML output is generated.
  35. 35. Unload  Page specific properties are unloaded  Request  Response  Clean up is performed.
  36. 36. CONTROLS
  37. 37. ASP.Net Controls  HTML server controls  Web server controls  Validation controls  User controls
  38. 38. HTML Server Controls  HTML elements on an ASP.NET Web page are not available to the server.  treated as opaque text and passed through to the browser.  HTML elements containing attributes that make them programmable in server code.
  39. 39. Web Server Controls  A second set of controls designed for a different emphasis  Do not necessarily map one-to-one to HTML server controls  Defined as Abstract controls  Have more built-in features than HTML controls e.g. Calendar, Menus etc.
  40. 40. Validation Controls  Do client side validation like  Input required for a text box  Test against a specific value  Test a specific pattern for input  Whether a value lies within some range  Etc.
  41. 41. User Controls  Controls created by the User as ASP.Net webpages  Can be embedded in other pages  Re-usability and Power to User.
  42. 42. POST BACK, VIEW STATE AND SESSION CONTROL
  43. 43. Post Back  Server controls  Post Back to the same page  Server control initiated request
  44. 44. View State  Persist state across PostBacks (Same Page)  Programmatic changes to the page's state  No free lunches  Cost of ViewState  Extra time in rendering
  45. 45. Preserving Data Across Pages  Session  InProc  StateServer  SqlServer  Cookies  QueryString  Cookie Independant
  46. 46. CONFIGURATION FILES Web Technologies46
  47. 47. Global.asax  Declare application level Events and Objects  Code for events like  Application Start  Application End  Since this code cannot be places in application itself  Also used for Application and Session State Management  Compiled just like any other ASP.Net page  Subsequent compiles made on changes Web Technologies47
  48. 48. Web.config  Stores configuration information in XML format  Optional  Allows for creating Name, Value pairs that could be accessed by the web application to apply configurations  Portable Web Technologies48
  49. 49. COMPARISON WITH PHP Web Technologies49
  50. 50.  Believed that PHP is faster  No proof available  ASP.Net is a platform  C#/VB.Net used for server operation  ASP.Net provides controls and designing tools  PHP contains scripting tags, and no controls  Cost  Microsoft Platform  Platform Compatibility  CLR but not IIS Web Technologies50
  51. 51.  Database connectivity  PHP used for DB connectivity  ASP.Net uses Framework to access DB  Object Oriented Design  ASP.Net is built on OOP paradigm  PHP supports minimal level OOP  Compilation  PHP  HTML and PHP to Zend Opcodes  Zend Engine generates HTML  ASP.Net  MSIL  Page Rendering Web Technologies51
  52. 52.  Web Server  PHP  Runs on both IIS and Apache, hence platform independent  ASP.Net  Runs only on IIS  Data Security  ASP.Net has enhanced and enriched features  PHP lesser features  Propriety  PHP is open source  ASP.Net is Microsoft Product  Some new tools like in AJAX are open source Web Technologies52
  53. 53. Summary Web Technologies53
  54. 54. Outlook Web Technologies54
  55. 55. References  www.w3schools.com  www.codeproject.com  msdn.microsoft.com 1 Introduction55
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