Energy Economics Issues

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Presentation done in as a course work for Energy Economics - The Issues. We analyzed the issues attributable to Mexico\'s energy industry and suggested some solutions.

Presentation done in as a course work for Energy Economics - The Issues. We analyzed the issues attributable to Mexico\'s energy industry and suggested some solutions.

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  • 1. GROUP MEMBERS
    Adebola Agunbiade
    Emmanuel Ezekiel
    Maryanne Agbiriogu
    Pagaebi Opuene
    Rotimi Aruwajoye
    MEX ICO
  • 2. OUTLINE
    Key Statistics
    Current Energy Situation
    Future Outlook
    Alternative Sources of Energy
    SWOT Analysis
    Conclusion
  • 3. MEXICO – KEY STATISTICS
    • Area – 1,972,550 km2
    • 4. Population – 108,000,000 (estimate as at 2009)
    • 5. GDP (Nominal) - $ 1.459 trillion (estimate as at 2009).
    • 6. State owned power company – Federal de Electricidad (CFE)
  • ENERGY MIX FOR 2007
    • TPES – 184,262 kToe (2007 )
    • 7. Production – 251,053 kToe ( IEA 2007 )
    • 8. Fossil Fuel Dependence – 89% ( IEA 2007 )
    • 9. Proven Oil Reserves – 10.5billion bbls (EIA, 2009)
    • 10. Proven Gas Reserves – 11.8trillion cubic feet (EIA, 2009)
    • 11. Recoverable Coal Reserves – 1,335milliom short tons (EIA, 2005)
  • 12. ELECTRICITY MIX FOR 2007
    • Generated 243Bn kWhr in 2007
    • 13. Consumed 202Bn kWhr same year
    • 14. Electricity Installed Capacity – 53.8 gigawatts (EIA 2007)
    • 15. 100.5% Self Sufficiency (2007)
    • 16. 2007 Fossil Fuel dependence ratio – 81%
  • 17. ELECTRICITY AFFORDABILITY IN OECD NORTH AMERICA
  • 18. RELIABILITY OF SUPPLY
    R/P RATIOS 2007
    NET IMPORTS 2007
  • 19. ELECTRICITY OUTLOOK
    51 Gigawatts
    81 Gigawatts
  • 20. Challenges & Issues Related To Future Outlook (1)
    1. Poor state of Supply Infrastructure
    • Monopoly of oil and gas sector by PEMEX
    • 21. Old refineries and need for pipelines & facilities upgrade
    • 22. Proposed new refining capacity of 300,000 bbl/day (2015)
  • Challenges & Issues Related To Future Outlook (2)
    2. Decreasing Reserves / Import Dependence
    • Current net importer of Petroleum Products, Natural Gas and Coal
    • 23. Expected to be net importer of oil by 2020 (IEA)
    • 24. High fossil fuel dependence and vulnerability to shock
    • 25. Lack of sustainability of fossil fuel
    3. Poor financial standing in the economy
    • Declining oil revenue
  • Options For Improving Future Supply
    Non-Renewable
    2. Renewable
    3. Policy & Incentives
  • 31. NATURAL GAS
  • 32. RENEWABLES
  • 33. COAL
  • 34. Policy Options and its Implications
  • 35. CONCLUSION
    • Mexico has a fairly developed electricity sector
    • 36. High dependence on fossil fuels
    • 37. Threat to future supply arising from lack of proven fossil fuel reserves and high import dependence.
    • 38. Diversification towards renewable energy
  • REFERENCES
  • 39. Thank you for listening