WALKABILITY ANALYSIS FOR BETTER PEDESTRIANFACILITIES IN KHICHRIPUR WARD, EAST DELHI
To make good & pleasing Walkability experience within selected study area ofDelhi.Main objectiveThe present pedestrian network within the study area in the Khichripur lacksseveral essentially needed features such assafety, comfort, attractiveness, facilities, etc. To investigate the need for Pedestrian design guidelines. To find out the traffic conditions in India & Delhi To investigate the parameters which help making space walkable? To find out the problems faced by pedestrians/ users. To improve pedestrian condition and provide better infrastructure facilities through proposals.
Walkability is a measure of how friendly an area is to walking.Walkability is not just about having „x‟ kilometers of footpaths, it is a package thatconsists of various aspects, from availability and usability of footpaths, to safe at-grade crossings, safety, amenities like lighting, shade and benches and respect thatpedestrians get from motorists.
• Walkers have been neglected in transport networkplanning. Road is meant for the motorists and pedestriansboth but pedestrians are forced to corner with inadequatefacilities.• Population is increasing rapidly making enormous increasein Transport network & traffic congestion due to whichpollution & rate of accidents is also increasing as well.
CONSEQUENCES: Only 14 % of city The transport system of Delhi consists of a well-developed drives, yet most of the road space is occupiedtransport network system, based on ring and radial by them.pattern, buses (DTC & CNG) and a suburban rail systemincluding MRTS. The majority share of travel needs of Car-oriented designDelhi commuters is met by road based transport systems and discouragement of walking through 34% of the inadequate design- has population shifted pedestrians to motorized transport. engages in” Walk-only” trips Delhi has more cars for their daily than the total cars in travels. Maharashtra, Tamil Nadu, Gujarat & West Bengal. Pollution levels in Delhi are almost double of Mumbai, a40% of the total Road Length of Delhi has NO city more populatedSidewalks. than Delhi.
Khichripur ward is situated in East Delhi (Preet Vihar-sub district)having population approx. 7, 49,776. (according to 2011 census)belongs to Zone E division of Delhi. DELHI-NCT It has some good developed renowned residential areas having Apartments like Vasundhara Enclave, DDA Flats, Sports WARD-214 complex,etc. It has Sewerage Plant, Water treatment plant, Ghazipur Dairy Farm, Bio-gas plant, Poultry & fish market etc making it more congested area due to visiting of workers to these areas. It has undeveloped areas also like Dallupura village and New Ashok Nagar pocket.
The road network is studied to getknowledge about the type of roadspassing through study area andwhich category of road is presenton which Transport is runningthrough. Major traffic runs over Arterial and Sub-Arterial roads serving the pedestrians over there. NH-24 (MAIN ARTERIAL ROAD) (SUB-ARTERIAL ROAD) (MINOR-ARTERIAL ROAD)
PUBLIC TRANSPORT MODE-Several DTC buses are running toconnect Delhi and Delhi-NCR region.Metro feeder buses are available to linkthe Pedestrian with Metro services.Metro station located near- by are:1) MAYUR VIHAR-12) MAYUR VIHAR EXTENSION3) NEW ASHOK NAGAR.Auto rickshaws and tricycles areavailable at everyroad junctions along pathways.PRIVATE TRANSPORT MODE-Two wheelerPrivate CarsBicycles DTC BUSES ROUTE BUS STOPS METRO FEEDER BUS ROUTE METRO STATIONS
5 Stretches are selected within ward for calculating Walkability score and on thebasis of parameters, walking activity is rated. Parameters A B C D E1. FOOTPATH SURFACE 4 1 3 3.5 22. FOOTPATH WIDTH 4 2 2.5 2 33. WALKING CONFLICT 2 4 3.5 3 44. OBSTRUCTION 2 4 4 3 45. ENCROACHMENT 1 4.5 3.5 3 26. FOOTPATH CONTINUITY 4 2.5 2 3 27. PEDESTRIAN VOLUME 2 3 3.5 3.5 28. SAFETY 3 3.5 3.5 2 29. STREET AMENITIES 1 2.5 2 2 110. WALK ENVIRONMENT 3 3.5 3 3 2.5TOTAL 26 30.5 28.5 28 24.5(Out of 50)
• Lack of pavement areas to cater the pedestrians. As a result, the pedestrians are forced tomove out to the roads /streets, creating dangerous chaotic situations.•Illegal Parking within the sites: Most of the roads, there is great deal of illegal parkingtaking place at this moment. Encroachment by parked vehicles is everywhere.•Traffic Signage: At the moment, traffic signage in the site area is very poor. As a properguidance to, pedestrians, clear signs should be installed mainly along the roads / streets.•Bad condition of Walkways: The footpaths/walkways for pedestrian use are in very badcondition, some are not maintained well and at some places they are missing which enforcesthe pedestrian to walk on roads.
• Bad pedestrian facilities: The facilities for pedestrians are not provided. There are noamenities like Public toilets, Dustbins, benches, Drinking water, Shade, Signage, outdoorrecreational space etc.•Lack of safety measures - railings, proper signage, adequate spaces for turning vehicles etc•Lack of hawkers space: In India, it is necessary to provide hawkers space in pedestrianplanning so that they do not encroach upon the walkways for their daily income because Indiais home of such people.•Lack of Street lights: Poor lighting at night are unsafe as open manholes pits created bydigging of pavement by civic authorities cause drastic problems.
Hong Kong (CHINA)Road traffic in Hong Kong is very busy in terms of both vehicular and pedestrian flows. Toavoid conflict in road use between vehicles and pedestrians and toreduce road accidents involving pedestrians, adequate and safe pedestrian crossing facilitiesare carefully planned.At-grade crossing facilities Grade-separated crossing facilities Most pedestrian crossing facilities are Footbridges and subways are grade-separatedprovided at grade (i.e. at the same level as crossings (i.e. constructed at a level higher or lowerthe road), including: than that of the road). The benefits of grade- separated crossings are twofold, namely maximizinga) Zebra crossings (where pedestrians pedestrian safety when crossing the road and have the priority to cross the road); minimizing disruption to vehicular traffic.b) Signal-controlled crossings Most footbridges and subways are installed with (commonly known as “Green Man” ramps or lifts and some, with high levels of crossings) pedestrian flow, are installed with escalators.
Goergia (U.S.)The 2000 Statewide Transportation Plan created by the Georgia Department of Transportation (GDOT)recognizes that “pedestrian facilities” are far more extensive than just sidewalks. Different types ofpedestrian facilities are as below:•Sidewalks and on-street facilities•Walkways and trails•Curb ramps•Crosswalks•Grade separations (such as underpasses and overpasses)•Wide shoulders in rural areas•Traffic control devices•Furnishings that create a pedestrian-friendly atmosphere (such as benches and landscaping)•Other technology, design features, and strategies intended to encourage pedestrian travel (such as trafficcalming devices including traffic circles, roundabouts), planting strips, shelters, public art, and lighting.
GEORGIA PEDESTRIAN LAWSAt the state level, there are a number of pedestrian laws that specifically describe the responsibilities ofboth pedestrians and motorists at locations where there is an interaction between the two modes, mostspecifically at pedestrian crossings.a) Motorist & Pedestrian Right of WayAccording to Georgia Law, when a pedestrian shows an intention to cross the street by stepping off thecurb, motorists must stop and stay stopped to allow the pedestrian to cross when the pedestrian is within amarked crosswalk.b) Sidewalks are for PedestriansSection 40-6-144 of the Georgia Code requires that “No person shall drive any vehicle upon a sidewalk orsidewalk area except upon a permanent or duly authorized driveway”. The Georgia Code defines bicyclesas vehicles; therefore this law applies not only to motor vehicles but to bicycles as well.
As a compact city with a high population density and efficientpublic transport, Delhi has opportunities to become a pedestrian-friendly city. The needs of pedestrians should be given priority inthe pedestrian planning process. To achieve this, pedestrianplanning should be an integral part of new development andredevelopment. Retrofitting pedestrian facilities in theexisting urban areas should also be considered.PEDESTRIANIZATION SOLUTIONS•The walkways should be provided at every new & renovated transport facility with abuffer zone of 1.2to 1.8 m to separate pedestrians from the streets and give themshades from harsh summers.• Crosswalk (zebra crossing) should be marked at every desired locations forwarning motorists about the pedestrian right of way. “MORE ZEBRA CROSSINGS WILL DECREASE TIME & INCREASE DIRECTNESS OF ROUTE” •Street lights should be installed of good quality and at desired locations for convenience of pedestrians. At night time, the lights should be proper maintained so that motorists can easily recognize their presence.
• Well-designed walking environments are enhancedby urban design elements and street furniture, such asbenches, bus shelters, trash receptacles, and waterfountains. So, these elements should be incorporated.•SIGNAGE system should be properly provided as itwill aid in ease of wayfinding and make pedestrianunderstand their locations where they are and wherethey have to go and how? This will increaseconvenience in walking and promote the Walkabilityalso.