Effects of natural disastersPresentation Transcript
EFFECTS OF NATURALDISASTERS
Natural disaster .. is a effect of a natural hazard – e.g. volcanic eruption, earthquakes, landslides, floods and tornadoes, avalanches. It is the force of nature, which affects the environment and leads to environmental, financial and/or human losses. The term natural has consequently been disputed because the events simply are not hazards or disasters without human involvement. It is usually the secondary events that the disasters trigger.
There is also an extra categorization for fire-, healthand disease- and space disasters.
So, what really arethe effects of thosedisasters?
1)Environment Volcanoes, earthquakes, floods, wildfires and mudslides often permanently alter an areas landscape, leading in some cases to the destruction of a local species.
2) Economic Concerns Even a minor storm can cause considerable damage. At the very least, the local economy must be able to absorb the cost of cleanup and repairs.According to the National Hurricane Center,Hurricane Katrina cost the U.S. $75 billion when itslammed into New Orleans in August 2005. Thatdoesnt include the damage caused in the Floridacounties of Miami-Dade and Broward by the samestorm.
3)Indirect Effects Natural disasters almost always lead to a disruption in utility services around the area impacted. Medical assistance is often slowed. Banks and other businesses might be closed, affecting a familys ability to withdraw money to pay bills and buy groceries. People have to move.
4)Physical Destruction Buildings are collapsing and swept away, posessions destroyed – all this leads to leaving families homeless, shutting down businesses.
5)Emotional toll Theemotional toll of natural disasters is much more devastating. The death of a loved one, whole communities may be displaced, separating friends and neighbors, victims face anxiety and depression as they wonder if it could happen again. In extreme cases, they may experience post traumatic stress disorder.
6)Human losses Peopleare washed away, drowning, left under the collapsed buildings and so on.
Going through a naturaldisaster is not understandablefor people, who haven´t gonethrough these kind oftragedies. But those peoplecan always help the victims bydonating clothes, money andother things that are needed.
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