A2 protestingstudent1112
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  • 1. The Protesting Student The involvement of youth in social change
  • 2. Historical Context  Connecting young people to protests and demonstrations is not a recent development  There are notable examples going back to the 1960s  Protest existed prior to this but was often defined by class – the poorer working classes generally protesting against the middle classes who were attempting to exert control over them  http://www.dhr.history.vt.edu/modules/us/mod0 9_1960s/context.html  http://www.universitytimes.ie/?p=1703
  • 3. France 1968 “Many saw the events as an opportunity to shake up the "old society" and traditional morality, focusing especially on the education system and employment. It began as a long series of student strikes that broke out at a number of universities and lycées in Paris, following confrontations with university administrators and the police.” (Wikipedia) The demonstrations also involved many striking workers
  • 4. France 1968  “May 1968 was a political failure for the protesters, but it had an enormous social impact. In France, it is considered to be the watershed moment when a conservative moral ideal (religion, patriotism, respect for authority) shifted towards a more liberal moral ideal” (Wikipedia)  So, are young people at the forefront of social change?
  • 5. Tiananmen Square 1989  “Beijing students began the demonstrations to encourage continued economic reform and liberalization, and evolved into a mass movement for political reform. From Tiananmen Square they later expanded to the surrounding streets. Non-violent protests also occurred in cities throughout China. Looting and rioting occurred in various locations throughout China.” (Wikipedia)
  • 6. Contemporary examples  Student Demonstrations – 2010 & 2011  There‟s already a wikipedia page for 2010 – this is now an historical event!  London Riots Aug 2011…although this may be something of a misnomer! Perhaps they have more in common with the LA riots, for example, than with student demonstration  Why are the London Riots now considered a „youth‟ issue?  http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/uk-15426720  http://www.natcen.ac.uk/study/the-august- riots-in-england-#.TrMYG9OSnyA.facebook
  • 7. Contemporary Examples  Why are young people, collectively, so unhappy?  Factors to consider: demographics; economy; job and/or education opportunities; government  “Young people are not always a source of violence…but without economic growth, job opportunities and a sense of dignity, to many young people – especially young men – can make for mass discontent” (Time Magazine)
  • 8. Technology  There was much press coverage over the use of social networking to „organise‟ the London Riots  Technology allows for a society that is increasingly aware, informed and connected  Web based technologies are notoriously difficult to control – they empower individuals but disempower those attempting to have control  Young people are generally viewed as the demographic group that will adopt new technologies most readily and rapidly
  • 9. Technology  There have been two, prominent „hacker‟ groups recently – Anonymous and LulzSec  Any arrests made have, so far, only been of male youths  The fact that it is entirely dependent on substantial knowledge of technology frames it as a youth movement  Is hacking the „future‟ version of youth protest?