A2 protestingstudent1112


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A2 protestingstudent1112

  1. 1. The Protesting Student The involvement of youth in social change
  2. 2. Historical Context  Connecting young people to protests and demonstrations is not a recent development  There are notable examples going back to the 1960s  Protest existed prior to this but was often defined by class – the poorer working classes generally protesting against the middle classes who were attempting to exert control over them  http://www.dhr.history.vt.edu/modules/us/mod0 9_1960s/context.html  http://www.universitytimes.ie/?p=1703
  3. 3. France 1968 “Many saw the events as an opportunity to shake up the "old society" and traditional morality, focusing especially on the education system and employment. It began as a long series of student strikes that broke out at a number of universities and lycées in Paris, following confrontations with university administrators and the police.” (Wikipedia) The demonstrations also involved many striking workers
  4. 4. France 1968  “May 1968 was a political failure for the protesters, but it had an enormous social impact. In France, it is considered to be the watershed moment when a conservative moral ideal (religion, patriotism, respect for authority) shifted towards a more liberal moral ideal” (Wikipedia)  So, are young people at the forefront of social change?
  5. 5. Tiananmen Square 1989  “Beijing students began the demonstrations to encourage continued economic reform and liberalization, and evolved into a mass movement for political reform. From Tiananmen Square they later expanded to the surrounding streets. Non-violent protests also occurred in cities throughout China. Looting and rioting occurred in various locations throughout China.” (Wikipedia)
  6. 6. Contemporary examples  Student Demonstrations – 2010 & 2011  There‟s already a wikipedia page for 2010 – this is now an historical event!  London Riots Aug 2011…although this may be something of a misnomer! Perhaps they have more in common with the LA riots, for example, than with student demonstration  Why are the London Riots now considered a „youth‟ issue?  http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/uk-15426720  http://www.natcen.ac.uk/study/the-august- riots-in-england-#.TrMYG9OSnyA.facebook
  7. 7. Contemporary Examples  Why are young people, collectively, so unhappy?  Factors to consider: demographics; economy; job and/or education opportunities; government  “Young people are not always a source of violence…but without economic growth, job opportunities and a sense of dignity, to many young people – especially young men – can make for mass discontent” (Time Magazine)
  8. 8. Technology  There was much press coverage over the use of social networking to „organise‟ the London Riots  Technology allows for a society that is increasingly aware, informed and connected  Web based technologies are notoriously difficult to control – they empower individuals but disempower those attempting to have control  Young people are generally viewed as the demographic group that will adopt new technologies most readily and rapidly
  9. 9. Technology  There have been two, prominent „hacker‟ groups recently – Anonymous and LulzSec  Any arrests made have, so far, only been of male youths  The fact that it is entirely dependent on substantial knowledge of technology frames it as a youth movement  Is hacking the „future‟ version of youth protest?