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Origins of The Cold War
Origins of The Cold War
Origins of The Cold War
Origins of The Cold War
Origins of The Cold War
Origins of The Cold War
Origins of The Cold War
Origins of The Cold War
Origins of The Cold War
Origins of The Cold War
Origins of The Cold War
Origins of The Cold War
Origins of The Cold War
Origins of The Cold War
Origins of The Cold War
Origins of The Cold War
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Origins of The Cold War

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  • 1.  
  • 2. Class Notes 11:1 Origins of the Cold War Modern World History, by Dan McDowell. Teaching Point, ©2004
  • 3. Definition <ul><li>The Cold War was a state of economic, diplomatic, and ideological discord among nations without armed conflict. </li></ul><ul><li>Cold War “battles” occur in Europe, Africa, Latin America, and the Middle East </li></ul><ul><li>1945-1991 </li></ul>
  • 4. Background <ul><li>Mutual distrust between U.S.A. and U.S.S.R. had been brewing since the 1917 Russian Revolution (when U.S. forces invaded Russia to assist the anti-communist troops) </li></ul><ul><li>Soviet Union and United States united to defeat Hitler in WWII </li></ul>
  • 5. Background <ul><li>Once the war ended, differences became more apparent </li></ul><ul><li>Soviets lost 27 million people and saw mass devastation in the west </li></ul><ul><li>Americans lost just over 400,000 men and suffered no attacks after Pearl Harbor </li></ul><ul><li>Stalin had a strong interest in keeping the Soviet Union safe from any future invasions </li></ul>
  • 6. Post War World <ul><li>At the Yalta </li></ul><ul><li>Conference in 1945, Stalin agreed to self determination for European nations after WWII </li></ul><ul><li>Stalin wanted to ensure security for the Soviet Union (remember their losses) </li></ul>Churchill, Roosevelt, and Stalin at Yalta.
  • 7. Post War World <ul><li>Stalin wanted a buffer zone and he wanted to extract reparations from East Germany </li></ul><ul><li>The other Allies had agreed to divide Germany , but division was seen as temporary – wanted to build international market system for trade – which the U.S. would dominate </li></ul>
  • 8. Post War World <ul><li>Stalin installed communists government controlled by Moscow in Bulgaria, Hungary, Yugoslavia, Poland, Czechoslovakia, and East Germany </li></ul>
  • 9. Post War World <ul><li>He ignored his promise at Yalta </li></ul><ul><li>American attainment of the atomic bomb and different U.S./British leadership at the Potsdam conference changed post-war diplomacy </li></ul>
  • 10. Significant Differences <ul><li>While the U.S.A. and U.S.S.R. had united in their efforts to defeat Hitler, ideological differences drove them apart after the war </li></ul><ul><li>Both sides wanted their values and economic and political systems to prevail </li></ul><ul><li>Both wanted a sphere of influence </li></ul><ul><li>Both agreed that capitalism and communism could not coexist and that the other system was inherently evil </li></ul><ul><li>As a result, both took a hard line (fear-driven) towards the other </li></ul>
  • 11. NATO vs. WARSAW PACT 1945-1960s
  • 12. American Policies <ul><li>George Kennan, U.S. Ambassador to the Soviet Union </li></ul><ul><li>He believed the Soviets needed communism to triumph in order to justify bloody dictatorship </li></ul>
  • 13. American Policies <ul><li>Led to American (Truman policy) idea of containment – keep communism within its current borders and eventually more moderate leaders will reform the government </li></ul><ul><li>U.S. established Marshall Plan to help rebuild capitalist Europe and Truman Doctrine to prevent communist groups gaining control in non-communist states </li></ul>
  • 14. BRINKSMANSHIP……
  • 15. Spheres of Influence
  • 16. &nbsp;

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