Notes for intro unit2


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Notes for intro unit2

  1. 1. Cornell Notes Homework Review I-II
  2. 2. I Region  Most of North America. 1.Canada and Alaska (north) 2. 48 continental US (south)  Bordered by the Pacific, Atlantic, Artic Ocean & Gulf of Mex.  US/ Can. Share Great Lakes and St. Lawrence river
  3. 3. II Physical Features  Center=shield and plains  Mountains to the east and west.  Large glaciers that scraped through eastern and central Canada created this shield.
  4. 4. Shield -A flat area in the center of US-Canada running from Artcic- Mex.
  5. 5. Glacier -Large mass of ice found in cold areas and valleys RIVER OF ICE
  6. 6. Plains -Flat or gently rolling area of land.
  7. 7. Canada and Alaska Canadian Shield  Covers almost half of Canada  Created by glaciers
  8. 8. Lakes- Great Lakes Largest freshwater lakes Connected by St. Lawrence River
  9. 9. Northern Canada Hudson Bay Many small lakes and islands
  10. 10. Alaskan Mountain Range Far west Mount McKinley = highest peak in North America
  11. 11. Continental US-Mountains Appalachians Eastern US Very old- Eroded!  Gentle range of rounded peaks and deep valleys
  12. 12. Rocky Mountains West US (highest peaks on continental US -14k ft.) Jagged, snow-capped peaks Reach from Alaska to Mex.
  13. 13. Plains B/w these last 2 Mt. ranges Dry and treeless- mostly grassland veg.
  14. 14. Rivers Drain out of Rocky Mt and Appalachian Mt. Flow into the Mississippi River
  15. 15. CLIMATE Varies from chilly Artic to the warm waters of the Gulf of Mexico Northern parts of region =Tundra and Subartic zones (does not get far above freezing with very little rain or snow)
  16. 16. Canada and Alaska Warms up closer to the US (humid continental climate) Nearly all of Canada and Alaska have heavy snow all winter West coast of Canada =Marine West Coast climate with more rain than snow
  17. 17. Continental US (South) Warm all year round Majority is Humid subtropical climate Florida = tropical wet and dry (hot all year with both rainy and dry seasons)
  18. 18. Southwest Both arid and semiarid climates Many people move here for the hot dry climate
  19. 19. Western Mts. Have highlands climate Pacific Coast has a Mts. have marine west coast CA has almost every climate zone (dep. on region!)
  20. 20. Midwest and Northeast Humid continental climate Very distinct seasons (unlike California)
  21. 21. IVVEGITATION  Many diff. veg. zones b/c of size!  Temperate grassland =Great Plains US and Canada  Tundra = covers a majority of the northern subregion
  22. 22. Canada and Alaska Northern Canada Much of the land is tundra Close to the Artic Ocean = ice cap areas
  23. 23. b) Forests Most of Can. and AK have coniferous forests Warmer south. Can. support mixed forests with DECIDUOUS trees.
  24. 24. Continental United States East Coast North All types of forests Spread up and down the coast
  25. 25. SOUTH Tropical grasslands Trees adapt to the tropical wet and dry climate
  26. 26. b. CENTRAL Temperate grassland veg. zone Great for farming
  27. 27. WEST Coniferous forests Desert Scrub in the desert Chaparral in the Coast Ranges (Lakeside!)
  28. 28. HUMAN GEOGRAPHY  Large countries BUT pop. small for its size.  Even though Canada and the US same size, pop. US is 9 x Canada’s  similar cultural backgrounds (English speaking, although Canada officially speaks French also, settled by Europeans and enriched with immigration)
  29. 29. HISTORY EARLYTIMES Hunters that migrated to AK from Asia over ice “bridge” 10,000+ years ago (became native north and south Americans)
  30. 30. Eskimos= Inuit Located in Northern subregion Hunt Artic animals
  31. 31. OTHERS settled along the west coast and into southwest United States
  32. 32. COLONIAL PERIOD -US British colonies Became independent from England Civil War Fought between 1861-1865 Ended slavery in the United States
  33. 33. COLONIAL CANADA  Colonized by the French  Great Britain gained control in 1763  1867, Canada won the right to govern themselves, but are still a part of the British Empire
  34. 34. III Modern Era Relationship US-Can have a strong bond Both sides welcomed Canada’s independence from Great Britain in 1931
  35. 35. b. WAR WWII broke out in Europe and Asia Canada and the US worked together
  36. 36. TRADE Closely linked by trade NAFTA (North American FreeTrade Agreement) – allows most goods to move freely among Canada, the US and Mexico
  37. 37. POPULATION  325 million people live in Canada and the US, (6% of the world’s population)  One of the largest in the world but parts of the region almost empty (Northern Canada, b/c climate and vegetation thinly settled with a pop. density as low as one person per 43 sq. miles.)  Majority of the Canada’s pop. lives close to the US Canada border  People cluster near cities (jobs!) Most people Christian, but also: Judaism, Buddhism, Islam, and Hinduism.
  38. 38. ECONOMIC ACTIVITY  Rich in resources.  Main type of econ. activity = commercial farming (wheat)  Wheat grown in the U.S. exported and accounts for about half of the world’s grain exports.  Forestry= major economic activity of this area.
  39. 39. 1. RESOURCES Oil and coal Used for energy Found inTexas, Alaska and Alberta, Canada Coal mined in Rocky Mts. and Appalachian Mts.
  40. 40. b. MINERALS Gold Nickel Copper
  41. 41. 2. LAND USE Much is used for raising livestock Trade and manufacturing are strong in urban (CITY!) centers