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Japanese militarism and occupation

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  • 1. Militarism in Japan 1
  • 2. 1918-1932  Emerged from WWI with strong economy  Began making democratic reforms  Hit hard by the Depression  Military Dictatorship takes control 2
  • 3. Japanese Goals of the 1930’s  Revive economy hit by Depression  Lead economic modernization in Asia - hoping to one day rival Europe and the United States  Free Asia from western colonial influences  Set up “East Asia Co-Prosperity Sphere”  Dominate Asia economically and militarily 3
  • 4. 4
  • 5. Aggression in Manchuria  September 1931, needing the resources of Manchuria the Japanese army invaded  China protested to the League of Nations 5
  • 6. 6
  • 7. Aggression in Manchuria  League and United States condemned Japanese action in China, but took no further action  Japan withdrew from the League in 1933  What does the Japanese minister claim? 7
  • 8. Japan withdraws from League 8
  • 9. Tensions Rise in China  By 1937, Japanese forces overran much of the northern part of China  Rape of Nanking – in 1937 Japanese forces brutalized the population of Nanking – murdering over 300,000 civilians and soldiers in a few months 9
  • 10. Chinese POWs forced march to their executions 10
  • 11. 11
  • 12. Proud Japanese soldier surrounding victims (holding head by ear). 12
  • 13. Children Massacred 13
  • 14. 14
  • 15. Just a footnote: To this day, Japan denies the extent of brutality against the City of Nanking, China. Unlike post-war Germany, Japan was not forced to pay reparations to Their victims, nor did they endure a dismantlement of their military infrastructure. Although a constitutional monarchy after the war, Emperor Hirohito ruled until is death in 1989. There were never any war crimes trials. 15
  • 16. WWII in Asia  Berlin, 1940 - Japan joins alliance with Germany and Italy  Looked to European colonies in Southeast Asia for resources  FDR threatened to cut off supplies of scrap metal, rubber, and oil 16
  • 17. Events leading to Pearl Harbor  Believing the United States will not only cut off supplies, but also declare war, the Japanese planned a surprise attack on Pearl Harbor to eliminate the American naval presence in the Pacific 17
  • 18. Events leading to Pearl Harbor  December 7, 1941, the Japanese attack Pearl Harbor  Japanese miscalculated American response – instead of cowering, the American people rallied together  December 8, 1941, the United States declares war on Japan 18
  • 19. 19
  • 20. 20
  • 21. 21
  • 22. 22
  • 23. 23
  • 24. 24
  • 25. 25
  • 26. 26
  • 27. 27
  • 28. 28
  • 29. 29
  • 30. 30
  • 31. 31
  • 32. 32
  • 33. Failure of the Co-prosperity Sphere  Original idea involved a system that benefited both Japan and occupied territories - “Asia for Asians”  Instead, Japanese imperial troops simply replaced European troops  Resources were diverted to supply the Japan war machine – in some cases causing food shortages and famine 33
  • 34. Failure of the Co-prosperity Sphere  Attempted to institute Japanese customs – insulting the native peoples  Forced some to work in factories and on plantations for little or no wages  Some nationalist groups cooperated with Japanese and some secretly assisted the Allies 34
  • 35. Japan’s Eventual Defeat 35

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