Unit 1 Presentation- Study Guide for History

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Unit 1 content for our first Unit Test

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Unit 1 Presentation- Study Guide for History

  1. 1. Founding a Nation Foundations, War, and More!
  2. 2. What is a colony?
  3. 3. Definition Colony – A new settlement or territory established and governed by a country in another land.
  4. 4. I. New England Colonies a. States 1. Maine, New Hampshire, Massachusetts, Connecticut, Rhode Island b. Who? 1. From 1630-1643 more than 20,000 Puritans left Europe to settle in New England. 2. Small town communities. 3. Puritans founded Harvard. 4. Majority of population was in the New England colonies.
  5. 5. Continued… c. Why? 1. Religious freedom. 2. Wanted a “pure” society. STRICT (no card games) d. Economy 1. Farming, logging, ship building, and fishing. 2. Trade became center of economy because of its many ports. ONLY with England.
  6. 6. II. Middle Colonies a. States 1. New York, New Jersey, Delaware, Pennsylvania. b. Who? 1. The Dutch controlled “New Netherland.” 2. English take over in 1664. Quakers later settled from England. 3. Diversity in the region.
  7. 7. Continued… c. Why? 1. Religious Freedom 2. Make money d. Economy 1. Better land for farming than New England. 2. Large harbors connected with many deep rivers making it easy to export and import within the communities.
  8. 8. III. Southern Colonies a. States 1. Maryland, Virginia, North Carolina, South Carolina, Georgia. b. Who? 1. Wealthy Catholics looking for refuge.
  9. 9. Continued… c. Why? 1. Religious Freedom 2. Make money d. Economy 1. Plantations: Tobacco, Cotton, and Rice 2. Indentured Servants  Slavery 3. Trade with England
  10. 10. The Great Awakening Morals and Politics
  11. 11. Moral or Political?  Gay Marriage?  Health Care?  Abortion?  Immigration?
  12. 12. Moral vs. Political  Moral issues deal with right or wrong conduct based on someone’s beliefs  Political issues deal with the government of a country and its people  Moral and political ideas are often mixed together
  13. 13. Definition…  The Great Awakening was a religious revival that spread through the Colonies
  14. 14. I. When?  The Great Awakening occurred in the 1730s and 1740s CE
  15. 15. II. Why did it happen?  People had lost religious passion  Religion seemed distant to the people  Colonists looked for religious renewal
  16. 16. III. What happened?  Churches split up over religious arguments  50,000 more people join churches
  17. 17. Do Now:  Analyze this quote and summarize what it means to you.  All mankind... being all equal and independent, no one ought to harm another in his life, health, liberty or possessions. - John Locke
  18. 18. Cause and Effect: Growing Apart -From BFF to Enemies-
  19. 19. Background  In 1735, the 13 colonies are growing quickly  Colonists consider themselves English citizens and are loyal to England
  20. 20. Cause: The Great Awakening  Preachers traveled through the 13 colonies spreading their message to colonists in the 1730s  Guys like Jonathon Edward and George Whitefield wanted to inspire people to go to church again  Talked about God seeing everyone as equal
  21. 21. Cause: Enlightenment  18th century European movement  Democracy and rights to individuals.  Believed in you are born with Natural Rights and that government should protect the people.  John Locke and Thomas Hobbes
  22. 22. Effect: Revolutionary Ideas  Colonists take religious ideas and began to question England and talk about being treated as equals  Colonists begin to think of themselves as “Americans” because they all feel connected by the Great Awakening
  23. 23. Cause: French and Indian War  Long and expensive war, England vs. France, ends in 1763  England gains lots of new land  Colonists help England win the war
  24. 24. Effect: Tax Time!  England is broke because of the war  Decides to tax the colonies without asking  Stamp Act in 1764 puts taxes on all papers  Townshend Act in 1767 lets English troops live in colonial houses for free  Tea Act in 1773 puts a large tax on tea  Colonists very upset because they have no say in taxes
  25. 25. Cause: Proclamation of 1763  Proclamation of 1763 saves new land won form France for Indians without asking the colonists  England hopes this will stop fighting between colonists and Indians
  26. 26. Effect: Colonists Get Mad  Colonists very upset by Proclamation of 1763 because they thought England won the new land for them to farm  Colonists break the rules set by England and begin moving onto Indian lands  English troops begin burning colonial houses on Indian lands
  27. 27. End Result  By 1776, 13 colonies are still growing quickly  Colonists are upset with how England has treated them unfairly just because they live in the colonies  Many colonists start to call themselves “Americans”
  28. 28. The Road to War -The 13 Colonies vs. England-
  29. 29. Protesting England  After the Stamp Act 1764, secret groups were formed to protest English taxes and laws  Sons of Liberty spread through the colonies and held violent protests
  30. 30. Trouble in Massachusetts  Boston Massacre 1770 - 5 Americans killed by English soldiers  Boston Tea Party protests the Tea Act in 1773  England makes new laws called Intolerable Acts to punish Massachusetts
  31. 31. Colonies Come Together  The 13 Colonies hold a meeting in Philadelphia in 1774  Called the First Continental Congress  Colonies agree to not trade with England and train their own American soldiers
  32. 32. The Shooting Starts  Massachusetts rebels against England  Second Continental Congress forms the Continental Army in 1775  American army led by George Washington
  33. 33. T. Paine: Common Sense  Book called “Common Sense” written by Thomas Paine in early 1776  Told Americans all monarchs (kings) were bad and had to go  Said America should follow its own destiny
  34. 34. Mr. A says…  The Great Awakening: A religious revival in the 13 Colonies  Sons of Liberty: A group formed to protest English taxes and laws in the colonies  Proclamation of 1763: Reserved the land west of the 13 Colonies for Indians  Stamp Act: British tax on colonial paper products that led to big protests  Declaration of Independence: A document that said the colonies were free and independent
  35. 35. Declaration Remix  Rewrite the Declaration of Independence as a letter  This will be 5-paragraphs  Imagine you are an American explaining the Declaration to your cousin in England…
  36. 36. Declaration Letter Format  Preamble  Explain why you are writing  The Right of People to Control their Government  Explain what rights you believe people have  Tyrannical Acts of the British King  List and explain at least 5 things the king did  Efforts of the Colonists to Avoid Separation  Explain what you tried to do to avoid war  The Colonies are Declared Free and Independent  Sum up what will change now that you are independent
  37. 37. Convincing America Why did they fight?
  38. 38. All In!  Continental Congress meets again in 1776  Declaration of Independence issued on July 4, 1776  A new country is declared
  39. 39. Reasons for Splitting Up  Thomas Jefferson wrote the Declaration of Independence  Stated reasons the colonies had to break away from England  Said that the king of England had violated their rights in the Magna Carta from 1215
  40. 40. But Why?! Purpose  To tell King George that he no longer controlled them.  List out all the reasons they were going to become independent.  Tell the world that they were not a new country. Rationale  King George continued to ignore colonists rights.  Told King George all the rights he took away.  The world now knew that the colonies were standing up against the most powerful country in the world.
  41. 41. The Colonists  9 out of 10 American colonists were farmers  The rest lived in small towns and cities
  42. 42. Loyalty  Many Americans felt connected to their colony  The people of the colonies elected their own representatives to colonial assemblies (governments)
  43. 43. Mixed Feelings  Also considered themselves English citizens  Believed Magna Carta and English Bill of Rights applied to them  Magna Carta limited kings power, English Bill of Rights limited the king even more
  44. 44. The Declaration  Declaration of Independence spread to the colonies  Declaration posted and read in towns and cities
  45. 45. Who joined?  Continental Army starts recruiting men and money  Asks colonists to fight for freedom under George Washington  45% of Americans were convinced to support Revolution  30% stayed loyal to England
  46. 46. English Bill of Rights and the Magna Carta Rights colonists grew used to…
  47. 47. I. Magna Carta  Gave nobles more power, king less.  If King did not follow rules the nobles would not obey him.  No “freeman” can be punished except through law of the land.
  48. 48. II. English Parliament  Many countries model their government after it.  Lawmaking body of England, consisting of reps. from kingdom.  Power from Magna Carta
  49. 49. III. English Bill of Rights  Only the people’s representatives could make taxes or laws  King had to follow and enforce the law  Could tell the King what was wrong without him getting mad (petition)  Trial by Jury
  50. 50. American or Roman?
  51. 51. American or Roman?
  52. 52. American or Roman?
  53. 53. American or Roman?
  54. 54. American or Roman?
  55. 55. American or Roman?
  56. 56. American or Roman?
  57. 57. American or Roman?
  58. 58. I. Republic  Form of government in which the people have control over the government and the head of the government is not a monarch (king/queen).
  59. 59. Liberal Principles/Thinkers  Enlightenment Thinkers =Liberal Thinkers  Thought everyone was born with natural rights  “life and liberty”  Government should protect its people.  REPUBLIC!

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