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Big Data and the EU proposal on data protection: the crisis of the European paradigm?

Big Data and the EU proposal on data protection: the crisis of the European paradigm?
(Oxford Internet Institute, 5 June2013)

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Mantelero bd pres_2013 Mantelero bd pres_2013 Presentation Transcript

  • Brown Bag SeminarsOxford Internet Institute, 5 June2013Big Data and the EU proposal on dataprotection: the crisis of the Europeanparadigm?Alessandro ManteleroFaculty Fellow at the NEXA-Center for Internet & Society (Politecnico diTorino)Visiting Fellow at the Oxford Internet Institute (University of Oxford)
  • A. Mantelero © 2013The evolution of data protection from mainframes to Big Data✔The origin: the first generation of data protection laws✔Social changes and new regulations: the second generation✔Data protection in the Big Data Era: rethinking the role of notice and consentBig Data and the EU proposal on data protection:the crisis of the European paradigm?
  • A. Mantelero © 2013The origin: the first generation of data protection laws✔Privacy and data protection: two different notions– the right to privacy in the US and in EU– informational privacy and data protection (the theory of the power over information)✔The origin of data protection: the Age of the Goldfish Bowl– economic and technological context:◦ main-frames◦ concentration of informational power (high investment, customization for specificpurposes and clients)Big Data and the EU proposal on data protection:the crisis of the European paradigm?
  • A. Mantelero © 2013✔The origin of data protection: the Age of the Goldfish Bowl– legal framework (reaction): national laws and international conventions◦ notification (to know the distribution of the power over information)◦ access and transparency (to know how this power is used)◦ public authorities (to control and react against abuses)◦ lack of importance of individual consent (data collection made by public entities,lack of economic relevance of data)Big Data and the EU proposal on data protection:the crisis of the European paradigm?
  • A. Mantelero © 2013Social changes and new regulations: the second generation– economic and technological context:◦ personal computer (everyone is able to crate databases)◦ from mass marketing to direct marketing (data-mining)– legal framework (reaction): Directive 95/46/EC◦ reduction of the cases of mandatory notification◦ access and transparency◦ public authorities◦ relevant role of notice & consent (economic value p.d., personality rights)Big Data and the EU proposal on data protection:the crisis of the European paradigm?
  • A. Mantelero © 2013Data protection in the Big Data Era: rethinking the role of notice and consent– economic and technological context:◦ Big Data◦ concentration of informational power◦ behavioural marketing– legal framework (reaction): Directive 95/46/EC◦ sub-set of rules for BD analytics which use personal data◦ reducing the role of consent◦ increasing accountability, solutions by design and control (DPAs)Big Data and the EU proposal on data protection:the crisis of the European paradigm?
  • A. Mantelero © 2013– From the opt-in model to the opt-out model:◦ lock-in, complexity, inadequacy of notice◦ “transformative” use of the data and purposes limitation◦ right to self-determination– Accountability, privacy by design and control◦ risk assessment and privacy by design (PIA, PbD, PbDf, standard)◦ audit , prior authorization◦ differential privacy, privacy by obscurity, contextual privacy, de-identificationBig Data and the EU proposal on data protection:the crisis of the European paradigm?
  • A. Mantelero © 2013Alessandro Mantelerohttp://nexa.polito.it/people/amantelerohttp://www.oii.ox.ac.uk/people/?id=318http://staff.polito.it/alessandro.manteleroalessandro.mantelero@polito.it@manteleroBig Data and the EU proposal on data protection:the crisis of the European paradigm?