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    Unit 4 PowerPoint Unit 4 PowerPoint Presentation Transcript

    • Unit 4: Politics, Elections, andCitizenshipAlyssa Adamkowski, Rayan Jabr,and Scott McKeon
    • Citizenship StatusFull Citizenship: by birth or naturalization processImmigrant: a person trying to obtain citizenship through naturalizationAlien: a person in a country to work or visit for a short period of timeIllegal Alien: a person in a country without permissionRefugee: a person in a country because they are leaving another country because of war, natural disaster, or political persecution
    • Naturalization Process (USCIS)1. File a Declaration of Intention and begin the 5 year wait process (only 3 if the immigrant is marrying an American citizen)2. File an Application of Naturalization3. Interview with an USCIS official and pass a citizenship test4. Sworn in a court with the oath of loyalty to the USA
    • Rights, Duties, and Responsibilities• Right: Guaranteed by the Constitution ▫ Voting, practicing religion of choice, hold elected office, having a fair trial, and Bill of Rights• Duty: Required by Law ▫ Obeying laws, register for Selective Service, serving in court as s witness or juror, attend school until the age of 16, paying taxes, and others• Responsibility: Things You Should do but aren’t Required by Law ▫ Voting, participating in government, respecting rights of others, being informed and others Non-Citizens: everything above except; they can’t vote in political elections, can’t run for government office, can’t hold certain government jobs
    • Theories of Integration• Melting Pot Theory: the blending of races, peoples, and cultures• Tossed Salad: group of people together that still holds onto their own diverse culture beliefs while being one nation
    • How a Candidate Runs for Office1. File a form to run for a position2. Primary Election will be held within a political party to narrow down to the best candidate to represent the party; primary may be opened or closed3. Candidates from each party (and independent candidates) will take part in the General Election All elections EXCEPT the presidential election the winner is determined by majority of the popular vote
    • Questions Voters Should AskThemselvesDoes the candidate share my views?Is the candidate reliable?Is the candidate experienced?Will the candidate be effective?Does the candidate have a chance to win?
    • Electoral CollegeThe Presidential Election is held on the first Tuesday after the first Monday in November and the winner is the candidate that receives the majority of the electoral college votes Candidate needs 270 out of 538 electoral votes to win the election It is a winner take all system for electoral votes in each state • Candidates will spend more time campaigning in the states will more electoral votes If no candidate receives the majority of electoral votes the House of Representatives will select the president
    • Criticisms of the Electoral College1. The more populated states have more influence2. A candidate can win popular vote, but lose the general election o The last time was 2000, when George Bush defeated Al Gore by carrying the bigger electoral states3. Some people suggest that the electoral votes be split up by the percent of popular vote for each state
    • How Voters Can Influence Legislation Initiative: proposed law started by grass root movement and then voted on by the constituents Referendum: proposed law by the legislature and then voted on by the constituentsConstituents: people represented by the legislature
    • Political Parties A political party is a group of people with similar political views and interests and try to influence the outcome of an election Purpose of Political Parties: oSelecting/ supporting a oGive citizens a voice candidate oGet citizens involved oKeep the public informed oAct as watchdogs
    • Political SpectrumRadical: Want widespread and rapid change in political, social, andeconomic systems and may resort to violence to achieve goalsLiberal: Calls for gradual change in political systems and wantgovernment involvement in making this happenModerate: (middle of the road) share viewpoints of both liberals andconservatives and want a slower approach to changeConservative: Favor keeping things the way they are and are verycautious about change; they believe less government is betterReactionary: Want things to go back to the way they were and will useextreme methods like repressive government power to achieve goals
    • Types of Party Systems• One Party System: (China) there is no confusion over who is in charge but other viewpoint are ignored• Two Party System: (U.S.A.) provides stability and continuity but sometimes minority viewpoints are ignored• Multi Party System: (Israel, Japan, Italy) provides a broad range of choices but its hard for one party to get control so they form unstable coalitions
    • Different Types of Interest Group Support
    • Particular Economic Interesto American Medical Association (AMA)o American Bar Association (ABA)
    • Particular Ethnic, Age, or Gender Groupo National Association Advancement of Colored People (NAACP)o National Organization of Women (NOW)
    • Specific Causeo People Ethnical Treatment of Animals (PETA)o National Rifle Association (NRA)
    • Public Interesto American Civil Liberties Union (ACLU)
    • Different Types of Propaganda Techniques
    • Glittering Generality Use attractive but vague words that make speeches and other forms of communication sound good but say nothing -Miss America Answers-
    • Plain FolksMakes the voters feel that the leaders are “just like them” and do the same things the voters do
    • Bandwagon Make it appear that many people have already supported a candidate and that these people are having fun and gaining a significant advantage
    • Card Stacking Candidate lists accomplishments and statistics that compare him/her favorably to their opponent
    • Name Calling Information is deliberately presented about the opponent that is discrediting in nature
    • Transfer/ Symbol Candidate is shown with symbols (flag, eagle, Statue of Liberty) that makes the candidate seem patriotic