• Save

Loading…

Flash Player 9 (or above) is needed to view presentations.
We have detected that you do not have it on your computer. To install it, go here.

Like this presentation? Why not share!

Luzhi

on

  • 646 views

 

Statistics

Views

Total Views
646
Views on SlideShare
644
Embed Views
2

Actions

Likes
0
Downloads
0
Comments
0

1 Embed 2

http://www.efdinitiative.org 2

Accessibility

Categories

Upload Details

Uploaded via as Microsoft PowerPoint

Usage Rights

© All Rights Reserved

Report content

Flagged as inappropriate Flag as inappropriate
Flag as inappropriate

Select your reason for flagging this presentation as inappropriate.

Cancel
  • Full Name Full Name Comment goes here.
    Are you sure you want to
    Your message goes here
    Processing…
Post Comment
Edit your comment
  • 北京大学在森林资源和森林生物多样性资源调查和分析方面的研究成果回顾:方法、进展和下一步研究设想

Luzhi Luzhi Presentation Transcript

  • From the Field to Policy Lü Zhi Center for Nature and Society Peking University Nov. 2008
  •  
  •  
    • The environment crisis in China and the world
    • China should and could do better
    • Better governance and effective policies have a significant influence
    • Effective policies require credible information and insights
  • CNS’s Approach EDSS (E nvironment D ecision S upport S ystem ) EDSS MONITORING Sustainability
      • i.e.
      • P ES Maintained
      • Extinction Avoided
      • Habitat Restored
      • ...
    INFORMATION NETWORK SURVEY - RAP E POLICY FORUM GOOD Environmental Policy
  • Establish monitoring system in Protected areas and Communities
  • Fill information gap faster with RAP ( R apid A ssessment P rogram) Ganzi Sichuan 2005.8 Nymchi Tibet 2007.9-10 2008.5 RAP Sites
    • One RAP
    • 20 Senior experts
    • Full taxa
    • 20 days
    • 30K USD
    • >10 new species
  • 生物多样性快速调查 RAPID ASSESSMENT PROGRAM (RAP) Terrestrial Ecosystems Freshwater Ecosystems Marine Ecosystems 陆生生态系统 淡水生态系统 海洋生态系统
    • One RAP
    • 20 Senior experts
    • Full taxa
    • 20 days
    • 30K USD
    • >10 new species
    • 2005 Ganzi, Sichuan
    • 2007 Yaluzangbu NR, Cibagou NR, Tibet
    • 2008 Metdog, Tibet
    • 2008 Erguna River, Innor Mongolia
    • 30 new species found, 100+ new species distribution records updated
    • 2 nature reserved newly established based on RAP suggestion in Ganzi prefecture of Sichuan province.
  • Accomplished and Proposed RAP Sites Erguna River, Inner Mongolia Turmu Peak Area Ganzi, West Sichuan Jinping 、 Huanglianshan Yunnan Southeast Tibet
  • Line transect applied in many taxon to cover bigger area
  • 描述植被群落 Describing vegetation
  • 小型兽类陷阱 Trap for small mammal
  • 小型兽类足迹收集器 Footprint collector for small mammal
  • 网捕 Catch bird with net
  • 沿路线调查鸟类 Survey bird along transect lines
  • 布设红外触发相机陷阱调查大型兽类 Setting infra-red camera trap for mammal survey
  • 麝 Musk deer Moschus chrysogaster
    • Insect collection
  • 路线调查直接采集蚂蚁 Collect ants along trails
  • 收集土壤中的蚂蚁 Collect ants from soil filter.
  • County Distribution Habitat Elevation and and = China Wide: 639 species has those basic information, and more to come. Possible distribution Species database and distribution modeling
  • Using species distribution predict model, with limited observation locality points, (200-500), the prediction can be very close to actual distribution. Actual panda distribution from the 3rd National panda survey (1999-2001) Panda distribution from prediction model
  • Methods used in KBA delineation (SW Mountains of China ) 1. Single KBA delineation: 6 Type of KBA I : KBA, Polygon, Good II : KBA, Polygon, Fuzzy III : KBA, Point, Poor IV : CKBA, Polygon, Good V : CKBA, Polygon, Fuzzy VI : CKBA, Point, Poor
  • KBA defined mainly based on threaten species and nature reserves 130 PA 51 IBA 10 AZE 58 CKBA 141 KBA 199 Total
  • The most valuable area in China to preserve biodiversity Overlay of 639 species distributions CR (极危) 60: X 8 EN (濒危) 205 : X 4 VU (易危) 212 : X 2 Other 其他 162 : X 1
  • Key Biodiversity Areas in China
    • Nature Reserve
    • World Heritage
    • Sites of Alliance for Zero Extinction
    • Important Bird Area
    • Ramsar wetland Sites
    • ……
    • Forest change detection
  • 退化原因一:林业、农业? Degradation: logging, land clearance for agriculture 19890102 20020106 最终结果
  • 退化原因二: 地质灾害? Degradation: land sliding 19881027 20011023
  • 退化原因三: 火灾 / 病虫害? Fire/disease 19940115 20001006
  • Are nature reserves effective? 1 2 3 4 5 6 7
  • Deforestation of Southwest China (1990s-2000s) TM/ETM China : 550 Having Forest : 350 Accomplished : 87
  • Watersheds for Rice Production
  • Watersheds for Clean Drinking Water Needs
  • Watersheds for GDP Production
  • Ongoing case study: Information integrating to support local planning, based on watershed.
  • preliminary result: biodiversity importance, forest and climate biodiversity
  • 生态有偿服务 Pay for Ecosystem Service (PES)
  • 政策法律 市场机制 / 企业行为 $ CO2 H2O
  • Lijiang hydrological dynamics Old town