Theory

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Constructivism Theory

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Theory

  1. 1. By: M.D.
  2. 2. Constructivist Thought Constructivism states that people create new knowledge based on personal experiences and old knowledge. This method of teaching encourages students to use higher-order thinking, like analyzing, to learn. Learning is an active process of constructing new knowledge through social interaction. Each student interprets information differently.
  3. 3. Jean Piaget  Piaget was a psychologist, and through his work he concluded that children are active learners.  Four stages of learning as children age, each stage helping to construct knowledge to an equilibrium.  Technology is useful because it offers opportunities for learning to all students, regardless of their learning style.
  4. 4. Jerome Bruner Bruner believed that teachers should encourage students to discover concepts themselves. Students should continually build upon what they have learned, a method called spiral curriculum. Using the Socratic method will allow students to construct information and use higher-order thinking skills. Technology allows for students to engage in learning through many activities, a crucial part of constructivism.
  5. 5. Lev Vygotsky Vygotsky developed social cognition, which centers around the development of children in their social environment. Social development heavily influences learning. Students should practice collaborative learning, because they can share knowledge and experiences. Anchored instruction allows for technology to aid in learning, by giving known information as the anchor, and allowing students to explore from that point.
  6. 6. John Dewey Dewey believed that education began with experience, and that students should be actively involved in their learning. Students learn by doing, and teachers should serve as guides to students. Learning is a social process, and the school should reflect that social aspect. Students should work together to learn and play an active role in their construction of knowledge.
  7. 7. Teacher Implications Under this theory, the teacher is responsible for providing material to students, so that they can use it to teach themselves. The teacher acts as a guide, helping students when needed, but allowing for them to explore and practice their own hypotheses. The teacher also allows students to work together, and helps to pair them up so that students can aid each other through different personal experiences. The teacher also provides technology-based activities that allow students to learn using various learning styles and exploration.
  8. 8. Student Implications This theory places the student as a motivated learner, and makes it their responsibility to actively seek out knowledge. Students work together to share experiences in order to assimilate knowledge. Students practice and actively work with technology available to them to suit their learning styles, such as the internet or digital media.
  9. 9. Personal Use of Constructivism While the theory is useful, I do not think it would work for mathematics very well. Mathematics has a more linear method, having to learn one thing before moving to the next. Constructivism gives too much freedom to the student, and they would find themselves confused without the proper order of learning. Could be used in ways such as group projects where students actively work with material they have learned in the class.
  10. 10. Image Credits http://granitegrok.com/blog/2009/06/the_problems_ with_constructivism http://fountainmagazine.net/article.php?ARTICLEID =418 http://koonjtalpur.wordpress.com/2011/04/
  11. 11. Information Credits Teachers Discovering Computers: Integrating Technology In A Connected World. 7th ed. Shelly, Gunter, Gunter. http://www.learning- theories.com/constructivism.html

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