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  • WITNESS: Strategies for using video as a tool in human rights advocacy

我們的國際交流經驗Atss 我們的國際交流經驗Atss Presentation Transcript

  • [ 我們的國際交流經驗 ] 2008 ATSS 曼谷 邱伊翎 台灣人權促進會文宣部
  • The ‘PANEL’ Analysis: P articipation A ccountability N on-discrimination E mpowerment L inkage to human rights S tandards
  • People C entered A dvocacy
    • A set of organized actions aimed at influencing public policies, societal attitudes and socio-political processes
    • E nables and e mpowers the marginalized to speak for themselves.
    • To achieve social transformation through the realization of human rights: civil, political, economic, social and cultural.
  • Rights Based Approach:
    • People are not passive beneficiaries or charity seekers of the state or government. State to guarantee all human rights to all human beings;
    • Citizens are the owners of the state. Hence, the state should be transparent and accountable to citizens and defend human rights.
    • It seeks to bridge the gap between policy and ground reality…..micro-level activism and macro-level policy change. It stresses a bottoms-up approach to social change.
    • People who, individually or with others, act to promote or protect human rights.
    • Identified on “what they do” and “how” they do it
    • NGO workers / Teachers / Journalists / Lawyers
      • Paid
      • Non paid / volunteers
    • People who do actions on the spot human rights
    Who are Human Rights Defenders (HRDs)?
    • Activities
    • Monitoring, fact finding and documentation
    • Research
    • Distributing – publications, media work
    • Human Rights Education
    • Advocacy – lobbying
    • Supporting victims - physical protection, psychosocial, legal, medical, - even humanitarian
    • Advisory, implementing support to Gov’ts., UN agencies etc.
  • The Popular Education Research Group
    • Beginning with people's own experiences;
    • Moving from experience to analysis;
    • Moving from Analysis to encouraging collective action to change oppressive systems;
    • Reflection and evaluation of its own process.
  • A good facilitator:
    • Keeps the group focused on task and process
    • Remains as objective as possible
    • Is an informed guide helping the group to chart its course and accomplish its goals
    • Listens more than talks
    • Adopts to various learning styles
    • Able to gauge people learning ability and adjusts
    • Encourages everyone to participate while remembering that individuals participate in different ways. Some may talk only in small groups, but they are still participating. Others may wish to talk constantly and may be contributing little.
  • Before we start…
    • Which COUNTRIES are you from?
    • Are you from the same ETHNIC GROUPS ? Do you have the same mother tongue?
    • What religions were you BORN INTO ? What are your parents’ religions?
    • Do you still PRACTICE your religion? Would you say that you firmly follow your religion?
    • Please remember the answers of your new FRIENDS .
  • Is this right or wrong? ( I )
    • Female circumcision
    • Male circumcision
    • Abortion
    • Divorce
    • Husbands rules the house
    • Child work
    • God or gods
    • War
    • Secession
  • The problem with Cultural Relativism is…
    • … not about respect for cultural rights, or acknowledging diversity ( ESCR ).
    • The problem is in justifying violations on the ground of cultural or moral differences.
    • It is an excuse to abuse.
    • Establish the purpose of the video within broader advocacy strategy
    • Set clear and specific objectives for the video, specifying what they are, and how they can be achieved
    • For WITNESS, video advocacy is:
    • Empowering to those included in the video
    • Using video to help drive changes in human rights policies and practices by communicating with particular audiences
    • Video as a complement to other advocacy tools
    • Video made for a reason, not just about an issue
    • Creating a space for action - offering a solution.
    • Video advocacy, as WITNESS approaches it, is not :
    • A substitute for other advocacy tools
    • Using video primarily as a publicity, educational or training tool
    • Just for professional filmmakers or journalists
    • Necessarily dependent on strong graphic imagery for impact
    • WITNESS Methodology
    • Mapping out a video advocacy strategy
    • Analysis of stage of campaign: inform, cultivate, activate
    • S.M.A.R.T. advocacy goals
    • Specific, analyzed target audiences
    • Message with a clear request for action
    • Reviewing a Video
    • What is the Objective of the video?
    • What is the Audience of the video?
    • What is the Message of the video?
    • What is the Story of the video?
    • Who has an influence on your advocacy goal? Who should be reached and persuaded?
    • What is their perspective or attitude to the issue?
    • What is their level of awareness?
    • Who are your secondary audiences who can pressure your primary audience?
  • Videos Directing Action
  • Videos with Planned Frequency and Episodes
  • Using Hand-held Cameras
    • YouTube…
      • Over 80 million videos
      • Over 100 million videos watched per day
      • Over 150,000 uploads per day
    • Today, your video becomes a drop in the ocean…
    The Power to Share Video Online
    • We have not made a single gain in civil rights without determined legal and non violent pressure.
    • Freedom is never voluntarily given by the oppressor; it must be demanded by the oppressed.
    • -- Martin Luther King, 1963
    • If you are here to help me, then you are wasting your time, but if you are here because your liberation is bound up in mine then let us begin .
    • --Lily Walker 
( Heard from Lib Spry during
Theatre of the Oppressed
Workshop, Montreal 1985.)