2011 Broadband Tech Update to Electronic Engineers in the Philippines

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This is the tech session update I gave in November 2011 to the Institute of Electronics Engineers in the Philippines.

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  • 1024 Megabytes = 1 Gigabyte · 1024 Gigabytes = 1 Terabyte · 1024 Terabytes = 1 Petabyte · 1024 Petabytes = 1 Exabyte· 1024 Exabytes = 1 Zettabyte · 1024 Zettabytes = 1 Yottabyte · 1024 Yottabytes = 1 Brontobyte· 1024 Brontobytes = 1 Geopbyte
  • High-definition video will be more prevalent, and the proportion of streamed content as compared to side-loaded content is also expected to increase with average mobile network connection speed.The amount of long-form video viewed on mobile devices will grow as battery life and processing power advances.The usage profile of substitution users is substantially higher than average.The shift from broadcast to unicast means that traffic can increase dramatically even while the total amount of time spent watching video remains relatively constant.
  • 2011 Broadband Tech Update to Electronic Engineers in the Philippines

    1. 1. Broadband Revolution Cocoy J. Claravall Business Products & Services
    2. 2. AGENDA • • • • • Industry Outlook Mobile Access Technologies 3GPP Roadmap Fixed Line Broadband Summary
    3. 3. Global mobile data traffic in 2010 (237 petabytes per month) was over three times greater than the total global Internet traffic in 2000 (75 petabytes per month).
    4. 4. Mobile Data Growth Per Region We are not far behind!
    5. 5. DEVICE DIVERSIFICATION The introduction of laptops, tablets, and high-end handsets onto mobile networks is a major generator of traffic, because these devices offer the consumer content and applications not supported by the previous generation of mobile devices. 2009 2010 2015 Device Type Nonsmartphone E-reader Smartphone Portable gaming console Tablet Laptop and netbook M2M module 1.5 5 35 N/A 28 1,145 3 3.3 11 79 250 405 1,708 35 54 245 1,272 879 2,311 6,522 166
    6. 6. Main contributors to mobile data growth • As mobile network connection speeds increase, the average bit rate of content accessed through the mobile network will increase. • As the battery life of mobile devices improves, mobile minutes of use will increase. • As mobile network capacity improves, operators are more likely to offer mobile broadband packages comparable in price and speed to those of fixed broadband, thereby encouraging mobile broadband substitution. • The shift towards unicast from broadcast will affect mobile networks as much as it will affect fixed networks.
    7. 7. Video is driving user traffic …
    8. 8. World Trend of Mobile Users Population • Fast increase of 3G/HSPA/HSPA+ users due to high smartphone penetration • Stable user base in GSM/GPRS/EDGE • Mobile WiMax is not growing as fast due to slower development in Wimax standards and smaller deployment scale compared to other technologies • User base in 3GPP-family technologies still dominate most parts of the world; easier roaming
    9. 9. Let’s take a look back in time ….
    10. 10. A Quick View on Access Technologies Speed vs. Range
    11. 11. What does it mean to the average user?
    12. 12. Mobile Access Technologies Key Facts & Figures
    13. 13. Access Technologies Wireless Interoperability for Microwave Acess (Wimax) 802.16e Key Facts & Figures Technical Setup (Schematic) • Operating Frequency: 2-6 GHz (802.16e) • Main Feature: Data speed: 802.16e = 14 Mbps per sector Range: 802.16e = 1.5 kms (Urban) • For non-LOS, high mobility indoor and outdoor applications. 802.16e mobility is up to 100 Kph (Intranet/Extranet Access, Internet). Currently GT uses Wimax for Nomadic Coverage with Data & Voice Services. • Network Prerequisites: -802.16e compliant BTS, ASN GW, CSN -802.16e compliant Devices • Commercially Available/Deployed Advantages Disadvantage Conclusion • Based on IEEE standards • Different Frequency per sector. • For rapid deployment of high speed internet & voice connectivity service • Flat Architecture (All IP) • Separate BTS from 2G & 3G. • No cell breathing • Can serve as backhaul for 802.11s (WiFi) • Cost-effective solution for providing high speed internet & voice service on remote areas
    14. 14. Access Technologies HSPA+ (High Speed Packet Access Evolved) Technical Set-Up (Schematic) Key Facts & Figures • Operating Frequency: 1.92 - 1.98 GHz, 2.11 - 2.17 GHz (Licensed) UTRAN WCDMA MGW MSC/VLR • Main Feature: Data speed at max. 28 Mbps (3GPP Rel.7), 42 Mbps (3GPP Rel.8) HLR • Range: 1.2 kms (Urban) WCDMA Phone Node RNC IP Network NMS • Can offer better quality video conferencing service. Typical use Internet Access, SMS, MMS, Video/Audio Clip Download, Push-to-Talk, Video/Audio Streaming, Surveillance • Network Pre-requisites: - SW upgrade on WCDMA • Commercially Available/Deployed Advantages Disadvantage Conclusion • Can provide data speed of up to 28 Mbps (R7) and 42 Mbps (R8) • Costly and Limited Spectrum • Mainly oriented towards mobility centric data needs (large data exchanges) • Can do full nationwide coverage and mobility • Simple Software upgrade to existing WCDMA Network • Better wireless data experience than standard WCDMA via a SW upgrade only • Just an enhancement on data service of WCDMA • In line with the natural WCDMA evolution • Offers mobility
    15. 15. Access Technologies LTE (3G Long Term Evolution) Technical Set-Up (Schematic) Key Facts & Figures E-UTRAN LTE LTE Phone/Dongle EPC MME SGW/PGW HSS eNode-B IP Network NMS • Operating Frequency: supports all 3GPP frequencies. GT options: 700 MHz (FDD), 2.6 GHz (TDD). • Main Feature: FDD: Up to 25 Mbps per mobile subscriber (Max. 50 Mbps per Sector in 10 Mhz) TDD: Approximately 20 Mbps per mobile subscriber (Max. 46 Mbps per Sector in 10 Mhz) • Range: 1.76 kms (Urban) • Can offer better quality video conferencing service. Typical use Internet Access, SMS, MMS, Video/Audio Clip Download, Push-to-Talk, Video/Audio Streaming, Surveillance • Network Pre-requisites: - LTE Devices, e-UTRAN & EPC • Commercially Available/Deployed Advantages Disadvantage Conclusion • Can provide data speed of up to 50 Mbps (in 10 Mhz BW) . All IP Flat Architecture. • Costly and Limited Spectrum & Terminal Devices • Mainly oriented towards mobility centric data needs (large data exchanges) • Can do full nationwide coverage and mobility • No CS Voice & SMS (supports VoIP & SMS over IMS) • All IP Flat Architecture • Better wireless data experience than standard WCDMA & HSPA+. • Existing 2G/3G SDR, Wimax BTS can be easily migrated to LTE • Existing 2G/3G SDR, Wimax BTS can be easily migrated to LTE.
    16. 16. 3GPP Technologies Evolution & Roadmap
    17. 17. With 3GPP’s HSPA+ Evolution, Globe’s existing 3G Spectrum Can Allow it to scale up to 21 Mbps and then to 42 Mbps DL (with 3GPP Rel. 8) LTE is a totally different ballgame ! New Spectrum, new architecture, and new CPE’s. Source : Qualcomm
    18. 18. Comparison between LTE & 3G/UMTS 2003 Tech. evolution (Standard) 2010 2015 HSPA (R.6-based) 3.5G LTE/SAE 3.9G (or pre-4G) Peak Throughput Requirement 14.4Mbps 100Mbps System BW evolution 5MHz 20MHz CN evolution CS and PS Transport evolution ATM / IP Radio evolution Receiver evolution Spectral Efficiency {1.4, 3.0, 5.0, 10.0 and 20} IMT-Adv. 4.0G 1Gbps (DL) 500Mbps (UL) 100MHz Spectrum Aggregation maybe supported Packet Core with fixed/ non-3GPP access All IP Transport OFDMA (DL) SC-FDMA (UL) OFDMA (DL/UL) (and LMMSE Equalizer) TX/RX Div./ 4x4 MIMO (MQRM Equalizer etc.) TX/RX Div./ 8x8 MIMO (4x4 MIMO for UL) 2.88/ 1.15 5.0 10.0 CDMA-based RX Diversity Forward/ Backward Compatibility © NEC Corporation 2009
    19. 19. Comparison Between WiMax and LTE LTE WiMax Air Interface Rel. 1.5 FDD FDD Channel BW 2 X 20 MHz 2 X 20 MHz BS Antenna (2X2) MIMO (2X2) MIMO MS Antenna (1X2) SIMO (1X2) SIMO 64 QAM – 5/6 64 QAM – 5/6 173 Mbps 173 Mbps Parameter Duplexing DL Mod-Coding DL Peak Rate UL Mod-Coding UL Peak Rate 16 QAM – 3/4 64 QAM – 5/6 16 QAM – 3/4 64 QAM – 5/6 57.6 Mbps 86.4 Mbps 110 Mbps 165 Mbps
    20. 20. Comparison of WiMax 2 and LTE Development Timelines The rapid growth of broadband usage driven by flat rates, multimedia applications , smart phones, connected devices, social networking poses capacity challenges for today’s broadband operators especially in high density urban areas. If 3G network is used to provide for both Mobile data and DSLsubstitute, then this challenge aggravates. Up to 21 Mbps WiMAX offers operators another option to not only add capacity to the access network to meet current demands and to segregate fixed broadband usage from mobile data usage where DSL is not available. The other option of course is to wait for LTE . Broadband Wave rising rapidly & steadily now Chart Source : WiMax Forum, Nov 2009
    21. 21. Broadband Technologies for Fixed Line
    22. 22. Access Methods & Speeds Access Method Speed Ethernet over Active Fiber 10 Mbps, 100 Mbps, 1 Gbps, 10 Gbps, 40 Gbps and above Ethernet over PON 1 Gbps with EPON 1.25 Gbps upstream & 2.5 Gbps downstream with GPON Ethernet over SONET/SDH 155 Mbps to 1 Gbps Ethernet over HFC/DOCSIS Up to 100 Mbps with DOCSIS 3.0 Ethernet over DSL Minimum of 2 Mbps using G.SHDSL Minimum of 10 Mbps over VDSL Up to 100 Mbps Ethernet over T1/E1 1.5 Mbps to 16 Mbps with bonding Ethernet over DS3/E3 34 Mbps to 130 Mbps with bonding Ethernet over Packet Microwave 1 Mbps to >1Gbps
    23. 23. GPON Overview GPON ONT STB HDMI Fiber-To-The-Home Ethernet Ethernet (FE/GE) Single Fiber GE/10GE n POTS GPON OLT GPON ONT Single Fiber Voice, Soft Switch Passive Splitter Multi Dwelling Unit Multi Tenant Unit n 2.5 Gbps @ 1490nm 1.25 Gbps @1310nm GE/10GE Basic Terms: OLT - Optical Line Terminal. This is the central node. Broadband, Core IP Router GE/10GE IPTV Headend VOD, DRM, MW ONT - Optical Network Terminal. This is the subscriber CPE. ONTs may have both internet and telephone (POTS) access ports. ODN – Optical Distribution Network Splitter – passive optical splitter replicates the input signal across several output fibers Fiber-To-The-Business
    24. 24. Ethernet Access for a Multi-site Enterprise Ethernet Ethernet Ethernet Direct Fiber COAX WDM Fiber MSO/ Cable Direct Fiber Ethernet Ethernet Carrier 1 SONET/ SDH TDM PON Fiber Ethernet Carrier 2 Ethernet DS3/E3 Ethernet Bonded T1/E1 Ethernet Ethernet Ethernet Ethernet User to Network Interface (UNI) Ethernet Network to Network Interface (NNI) Ethernet
    25. 25. Ethernet Over Direct Fiber Longest Distance - Distance up to 140 Km with no bandwidth loss Central Office Highest Bandwidth Capacity - Bandwidth Capacity of 100 Mbps, 1 Gbps, 10 Gbps, 40 Gbps, and more. - WDM enables multiple data streams per fiber link Security - Physically secure medium with no EMF emission; nearly impossible to tap lines Scalability - EVC / E-Line / E-LAN using Q-in-Q VLAN - High capacity enables rate limiting tiered services NID Demarcation Reliability - Protection with redundant links & resilient rings - OAM performance monitoring & fault notification Secure Service Management - 802.3ah OAM IP-less management & provisioning - NIDs provide securely managed demarcation Multi-Customer NID Demarcation
    26. 26. Ethernet Over WDM Fiber Central Office Future Proof - Wavelength division multiplexing (WDM) enables multiple data streams (wavelengths) per fiber link - CWDM supports up to 18 wavelengths per fiber access link, more with WDM - Add/Drop multiplexers provide new access points by splicing into the WDM fiber link WDM Ring Cost Effective - Increase fiber access capacity and minimize installation of new fiber links - Small form pluggable transceivers, multiplexers and media converters enable WDM wavelengths with existing infrastructure equipment Scalability - Quickly implement new fiber access with off-the-shelf hardware - Wavelengths can deliver different network protocols to mix Ethernet and TDM services over one fiber link P2P WDM Fiber Access Add/Drop Multiplexer Direct Fiber NID Add/Drop Multiplexer Direct Fiber Multiplexer
    27. 27. Ethernet Over HFC (Coax & Fiber) Cable uses a Hybrid Fiber Coax (HFC) network – Network extends fiber to a node – Coax is used for lower bandwidth sites while fiber is still used for large bandwidth sites – Coax-fed and fiber-fed sites are integrated into a single network Cost effective alternative to Fiber – Up to 100 Mbps with DOCSIS 3.0 implementation - scalable in 1 Mbps increments Typical Customer is Regional Business, Multi-site, Internet-heavy Alternative to Legacy Technologies ATM, Frame Relay, T1 Typical Applications – – – – – – – – – Branch office interconnectivity Dedicated Internet access Disaster recovery / business continuity Distance learning PACS images Automatic teller machine (ATM) Security cameras Point of sale (POS) Teleworker / remote employees Node Ethernet Edge Aggregator Carrier Ethernet Network
    28. 28. Ethernet Over Bonded Copper Copper Pairs are Bonded to Create a Single Ethernet Pipe – Long reach 2BASE-TL delivers a minimum of 2 Mbps using G.SHDSL – Short reach 10PASS-TS delivers a minimum of 10 Mbps over VDSL Leverages Existing Copper to Fill Fiber Gap – Only 22% of US and 15% of European businesses have access to fiber – Nearly 100% of businesses have enough copper pairs to get up to 100 Mbps Fast Service Turn Up, Fast Pay Back Ethernet Over Bonded Copper – Deploys in days or weeks – Requires minimal CapEx Ethernet Over Bonded Copper High Bandwidth and Reliability – Up to 10x more bandwidth than legacy copper solutions Carrier Ethernet – Pair failover capability ensures fiber service level Network agreements are met or exceeded Enables Ubiquitous Service Offerings – Provides services out to reaches that cover majority of providers’ serving area Pt-toMultipoint Ethernet over Copper Shelf
    29. 29. Ethernet Over SONET/SDH Rapid service turn-up – Leverages existing equipment and fiber plant – Ubiquitous availability world wide – Well understood provisioning and billing for off-net applications – Ethernet enable on-net buildings Highly resilient and secure service – Sub-50ms resiliency – Secure multi-tenant services – Legacy TDM circuits supported natively EoS Box OC/STM Carrier Ethernet Network – OC-3/STM1 up to OC-192/STM64 physical – Sub-rate and Available Serviceare availableEncapsulation Nx OC/STM Standard with VCAT bonding Bandwidth Technologies 155 Mbps up to 1 Gbps (with bonding) Add/Drop Multiplexer OC/STM Add/Drop Multiplexer Flexible bandwidth options Ethernet over SONET/SDH Multi-tenant EoS Box X.86, GFP Standard Circuit Bonding Technologies VCAT, LAG
    30. 30. Ethernet Over Packet Microwave Packet Microwave Technology – Cost effective solution – Rapid service deployment to virtually any site – Independent of existing wired infrastructure Carrier Ethernet Network Deployment Scenarios Carrier – Complementary and alternative to access Ethernet and aggregation fiber networks Network – Mobile Backhaul networks – Used in greenfield deployments, for network expansion and/or upgrades – Typically used frequency bands from 6 to 40 GHz – Distances of several 100m up to 150km and more Carrier Grade Technology – Mature, widely deployed solutions – Scalable throughput up to several Gbps – Established radio planning and dimensioning methods for highest availability requirements User to Network Interface (UNI) Network to Network Interface (NNI)
    31. 31. In Summary … • The new Internet is mobile; wireless connectivity is extending into new applications and environments. • Smartphones will soon dominate the mobile broadband landscape. • The outlook is for continuing strong data growth; video will be a major component. • HSPA+ is enabling operators to deliver an improved user experience with higher data performance, reduced latency at lower cost, and position for growth. • LTE is the next step in the user experience and essential for taking mobile broadband to the mass market and to achieve the full potential of mobile broadband.
    32. 32. In Summary … • LTE technology is quickly maturing and may present interesting possibilities. It will co-exist with HSPA/HSPA+ for several more years. • Access to new spectrum is going to be crucial, as service providers upgrade and roll-out in more areas. • GPON is the key enabler for greenfield residential areas where fiber is readily available. • ETHERNET continues to be the widely used technology for business customers. • Globe Telecom will continue to invest in high-speed broadband services to serve the needs of Filipinos nationwide.
    33. 33. Cocoy J. Claravall Business Products & Services fjclaravall@globetel.com.ph

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