Taman Negara


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The tropical rainforests in Malaysia were blessed with a location far from the ravages of the earth’s ice ages that they developed much earlier than the other equatorial rainforests in Africa and South America

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Taman Negara

  1. 1. Taman Negara Prepared by a111chen.blogspot.com
  2. 2. National Parks <ul><li>The tropical rainforests in Malaysia were blessed with a location far from the ravages of the earth’s ice ages that they developed much earlier than the other equatorial rainforests in Africa and South America </li></ul><ul><li>When the earth became drier, the rainforests of Southeast Asia, sheltered by the Himalayan Massif, remained moist </li></ul>
  3. 3. National Parks <ul><li>This was followed by the ice ages when sea levels fell dramatically, forming lad bridges between mainland and island Southeast Asia, allowing plant and animal migration </li></ul><ul><li>As the climate began to warm, this vast genetic storehouse burst forth with the profusion of species that exists today </li></ul>
  4. 4. National Parks <ul><li>Malaysia is highly fortunate to be endowed with rainforests that are indisputably the oldest in the world and its nature heritage </li></ul><ul><li>Come witness its awesome beauty found amidst its dramatic landscape and experience nature at its best here, wild and pristine </li></ul>
  5. 5. Taman Negara <ul><li>Malaysia’s premier park sits astride three states in the peninsula, namely Pahang, Kelantan and Terengganu </li></ul><ul><li>Largest national park in Malaysia at 4,343 sq km </li></ul><ul><li>It was declared a conservation area in 1939 for the sole purpose of protecting and preserving the unique indigenous flora and fauna </li></ul>
  6. 6. Taman Negara <ul><li>Initially called King George V National Park to commemorate the silver jubilee of the British monarch, it was renamed Taman Negara on Malaya’s independence in 1957 </li></ul><ul><li>Taman Negara, in the Malays language, literally translates as national park </li></ul>
  7. 7. Objectives of Jabatan Perhilitan <ul><li>To protect and conserve the flora and fauna </li></ul><ul><li>To maintain the tropical rainforest ecosystem </li></ul><ul><li>To propagate species of flora and fauna </li></ul><ul><li>To manage Taman Negara as a sustainable recreational area </li></ul><ul><li>To conserve all objects and places of historical, aesthetic or scientific interest </li></ul><ul><li>To provide a natural lab for research on species and habitat found in the tropical rainforest for management purposes </li></ul>
  8. 8. The Four Access Points <ul><li>There are four easily accessible entryways, roughly one for each direction of the compass: </li></ul><ul><li>South – Kuala Tahan in Pahang </li></ul><ul><li>West - Merapoh, Sugai Relau in Pahang </li></ul><ul><li>North – Kuala Koh in Kelantan </li></ul><ul><li>East – Tanjung Mentong, Tasik Kenyir in Terengganu </li></ul>
  9. 9. Flora <ul><li>Plant life in Taman Negara proliferated over the past 20,000 years </li></ul><ul><li>It is not a carbon copy of previous epochs, but a stage in the evolution of a tropical rainforest </li></ul><ul><li>The park itself spans a variety of environmental zones </li></ul>
  10. 10. Flora <ul><li>These lowland forests are also rich in epiphytes, liana and composed of evergreens </li></ul><ul><li>A single tree family predominated in these forests – the family of Dipterocarpaceae, with Malaysia being home to almost 400 of the world’s 550 species </li></ul>
  11. 11. Flora <ul><li>A single hectare plot in these forests may hold over 100 species of tree including buttressed tualang (Koompassia excelsa) among the tallest species in the world </li></ul><ul><li>The height of the forest canopy reduces as you reach higher elevations where oaks (Fagaceae spp), laurels and conifers (Dacrydium spp and Agahis spp) predominate </li></ul>
  12. 12. Flora <ul><li>The upper mountain is mainly shrub cover and the cloud forest begins at about 1600 meter </li></ul><ul><li>Plants take their moisture directly from the moist air </li></ul><ul><li>At this level, the epiphytic orchids and ferns give way to lichens and mosses, which cover live trees, fallen logs and even the ground </li></ul>
  13. 13. Fauna <ul><li>Large mammal species are found at elevations up to 500 meter above sea level </li></ul><ul><li>The largest are the elephants </li></ul><ul><li>The rare Malayan gaur or seladang, a native wild cattle </li></ul><ul><li>Three species of deer, the sambar, barking and mouse deer are also found </li></ul>
  14. 14. Fauna <ul><li>The tapir, Malayan sun bear (the only bear species in the Southeast Asia) and wild boar also exist within the park </li></ul><ul><li>The tigers and Sumatran rhinoceros </li></ul><ul><li>Other wild cats such as the Black Panther, Clouded Leopard and the Flat Headed Cat are also found within the park </li></ul>
  15. 15. Fauna <ul><li>The white headed gibbon </li></ul><ul><li>Long-tailed macaques tend to inhabit the riverbanks while leaf monkeys and siamang prefer the upper canopy from where their loud calls can be heard </li></ul>
  16. 16. Fauna <ul><li>The insect life is also spectacular </li></ul><ul><li>Stag beetles, rhinoceros beetles and many species of butterfly and moth </li></ul><ul><li>Beautiful and colorful centipedes and millipedes are found manly on the forest floor </li></ul>
  17. 17. Attractions and Activities <ul><li>Rivers and Waterfalls </li></ul><ul><li>Fishing and Angling </li></ul><ul><li>Bird Watching </li></ul><ul><li>Spelunking or Caving </li></ul><ul><li>Jungles Trekking </li></ul><ul><li>Canopy Walkway </li></ul><ul><li>Observation Hides </li></ul><ul><li>Mountain Climbing </li></ul>
  18. 18. Rivers and Waterfalls <ul><li>Shooting the rapids is a must for all thrill seekers </li></ul><ul><li>White water rafting sites include upstream Sungai Tembeling from Kuala Tahan </li></ul><ul><li>Alternatively go for traditional bamboo rafting from Kuala Pertang to Kuala Koh </li></ul>
  19. 19. Rivers and Waterfalls <ul><li>Kayaking can also be done </li></ul><ul><li>Swimming at all entryways is safe at designated spots </li></ul><ul><li>Picnic trips to gushing waterfalls such as Lata Berkoh upstream from Kuala Tahan </li></ul>
  20. 20. Fishing and Angling <ul><li>A true angler’s paradise, the park’s rivers sport popular species such as kelisa (arowana), toman (snakehead), sebarau and prized kelab (Malayan mahseer) </li></ul><ul><li>Many of the local species are large and aggressive, providing a great challenge for fishing enthusiasts </li></ul><ul><li>Note that some areas have forbidden zones where fish sanctuaries are located </li></ul>
  21. 21. Bird Watching <ul><li>With about 350 species of birds in the whole park </li></ul><ul><li>The most commonly seen are the hornbills, eagles and kingfishers </li></ul><ul><li>The fairly commonly seen are masked fin foot, drangos, broadbills and blue throated bee-eaters </li></ul>
  22. 22. Spelunking or Caving <ul><li>Gua is the word for cave in Malay, and most have spectacular rock formations and a great variety of flora and fauna to be discovered </li></ul><ul><li>Some caves even have valuable prehistoric finds, and many caves are still subject to archaeological study </li></ul><ul><li>Take part in this speleological discovery </li></ul>
  23. 23. Jungles Trekking <ul><li>Nothing beats a closer look at all the different species of flora that can be found in this jungle paradise, and perhaps some big fauna here and there </li></ul>
  24. 24. Canopy Walkway <ul><li>One destination for your trekking would be the park’s canopy walkways to get a bird’s eye view of the world’s oldest rainforest </li></ul><ul><li>These have been built at Kuala Tahan and also Kuala Koh </li></ul><ul><li>Kuala Tahan’s canopy walkway is at almost 05 kilometer in length and should not be missed </li></ul>
  25. 25. Observation Hides <ul><li>Tropical fauna, even large predators, are by nature fairly shy and prefer to be hidden </li></ul><ul><li>This is why various bum bun or jungle hides have been built near wildlife frequented salt licks </li></ul><ul><li>These are simple high sheds with basic amenities such as a toilet and a place to sleep, from where you can wait overnight for animals </li></ul>
  26. 26. Mountain Climbing <ul><li>The park hosts Gunung Tahan, which at 2,187 meter </li></ul><ul><li>The challenging summit can be reached by trekking, river fording and climbing over 3 to 8 days </li></ul><ul><li>Another popular park’s for climbs is Gunung Gagau at 1,376 meter </li></ul>
  27. 27. Park Rules and Regulations <ul><li>Do not destroy or remove any plant or animal </li></ul><ul><li>Take only pictures leave only footprints </li></ul><ul><li>Do not litter </li></ul><ul><li>Dispose of rubbish properly or take it with you </li></ul><ul><li>Minimize the amount of disposable material you take </li></ul><ul><li>Do not bring pets </li></ul>
  28. 28. Park Rules and Regulations <ul><li>Respect the silence of nature </li></ul><ul><li>Do not bring radios or music playing devices that may disturb others or the wildlife </li></ul><ul><li>Be careful with inflammable materials </li></ul><ul><li>Make sure all fires are extinguished </li></ul><ul><li>Do not smoke if you can avoid it </li></ul>
  29. 29. Conclusion <ul><li>If you are going for those close to the resort you do not need a guide </li></ul><ul><li>Trekking alone is not advisable </li></ul><ul><li>Having a guide is best to help you uncover the secrets of the forest, especially for night trekking to see nocturnal jungles life </li></ul>
  30. 30. Bibliography <ul><li>(n.d.). Retrieved Octobr 10, 2009, from http://www.tamannegara.org/ </li></ul><ul><li>(n.d.). Retrieved Octobr 10, 2009, from http://www.taman-negara-nks.com/ </li></ul>