Construction of Fiber Optic First of all, Fiber Optic cable is very small and thin. Fiber optic are made by four important parts. 1. Core 2. Cladding 3. Buffer coating 4. Jacket Core and Cladding are made by quartz glass or plastic to take good reflection.
Type of Fiber Optic Fiber Optic have two types, multi mode optical fiber and single mode optical fiber. Multi mode Lights are breaking up to lots of modes and are transmitted. Single mode Lights are concentrated one mode.
How to carry lights. Fiber optic cable make use of total reflection. Data about information are converted laser light. A refractive index of core is higher than that of cladding to propagate on core.
Support performance Fiber Optic cable use these systems. 1.Transmitter 2. Optical fiber 3. Optical regenerator 4. Optic receiver For using these systems, we can transport data over long distance and take the data into our PC.
Good point of Fiber Optic We can choose materials so get lots of advantage. Good points of plastic are 1. low price 2. strong in regard to arch 3. easy to connect other fiber optics or machines 4. having little weight For these reason, Fiber optic cable made by plastic was used transporting a short distance.
How to make Fiber Optic Because Fiber optic cable must have high refractive index, add Germanium or phosphor in core to increase refractive index, add boron or fluorine to decrease it. First, glass is mixed with some gasses and heat it. Second, this material pour fiber drawing tower then it become too thin in order to itself weight.