Expansive topic --- Show 4 defs to get some ideasAll learning is blendedAny combination instructional modalities, philosophies, pedagogies, technologiesAll of it….put it all in the blender….that’s blended learning….OK….a bit too broad for our purposes
Getting closer to what most people think…F2F with onlineEg. BBL to put up files, assignments, gradesBBL Coll to host live sessions online – webinar style
With this definition, most of Dal is already engaged in BLAre these all blended courses?I know people who would argue that most of these are not really examples of BLBecause the use of online – BBL – is very basic
Step up a little bit…from the homeworkWe have these 2 new words…thoughtful and integrationReminds me of how Wiley says much use of the LMS in HE is “administrative”Is more about instructional efficiencies and does not think so much about how it can enhance learningDoes not take advantage of more constructivist, student-centred, collaboratiive, interactive elementsThoughtful integration will hopefully do this…Getting closer to what we’re hoping to talk about in this workshop seriesStill kind of vaque…a little do general….and is it always online?
Student learning experiences…focus on meaningful engagement…deeper learningIntegrated strategies…constructivistICT…not just online…classroom technologies…or using online in the classPedagogy trumps toolsExamples of uses
The fundamental of education aren’t changing…What is changing?Technology (ICTs), the way we use technology…exponential increase in their use and powerThe article makes a link to the fact that we are becoming more and more of a knowledge societySo this is a challenge for HE, and BL holds promise to meet this challenge
What is blended learning?
What is Blended Learning?• WHAT - “blended learning” definitions• WHY – reasons to do it• WHY NOT – challenges to overcome• VIDEO – a blended example
Definition #1“all learning is blended…[it is] the use of twoor more styles of content or context deliveryor discovery” Maise (2006)
Definition #2“mixes F2F and non-F2F activities, someperformed synchronously, someasynchronously” Diaz, V., & Brown, M. (2010).
Blackboard OWL Enrolment Stats for Jan 16, 2013• Course spaces this term = 1106• CRNs in system this term = 1660• Students with at least 1 course = 14991• Total enrolments = 57596
The LMS in Blended Learning"[The LMS is] focused primarily on helpingteachers increase the efficiency of theadministrative tasks of instruction(e.g., distribute documents, makeassignments, give quizzes, initiatediscussion boards, assign students toworking groups, etc.)" Mott, Jon, and David A. Wiley. (2009)
Definition #4“Blended learning refers to enriched, student-centred learning experiences made possible bythe harmonious integration of various strategies,achieved by combining F2F interaction with ICT” Torrisi-Steele (2011)
Why Blended Learning?“The rules are changing, and there is increasedpressure on institutions of higher education toevolve, adapt, or desist.” (Swail, 2002)
Why Blend?• Flexibility, accessibility• Interaction and engagement• Improved learning outcomes• Increased demand• Greater student satisfaction and preparation• Higher digital literacy for the knowledge economy• Business case, optimization of resources• Improved teaching and learning
Student preparation“Students in my traditional courses come to class like babybirds with their mouths open for food. In my blendedcourse, students come in prepared and actively contributeto the class.” Futch and Thompson (2012) The Blended Learning Toolkit
Challenges• Workload – “course and a half” syndrome• Insufficient support• Bells and whistles• Absence of policy, strategy, direction• Students like F2F• Student reluctance to go from passive to active learning
The Twitter Experimenthttp://www.youtube.com/watch?v=6WPVWDkF7U8
ReferencesCollaboration for Online Higher Education Research (COHERE), Innovative Practices Research Project: COHERE Reporton Blended Learning (2012)Diaz, V., & Brown, M. (2010). Blended Learning: A Report on the ELI Focus Session. Educause, 2. Retrieved January20, 2013, from http://www.educause.edu/Resources/BlendedLearningAReportontheELI/218492Futch, L. and Thompson, K. (2012, October 10). The blended learning toolkit: A ready-made faculty developmentprogram. Pre-conference workshop at Sloan-C ALN Conference, Orlando, FL.Maise, E. (2006). The Blended Learning Imperative. In C. Bonk, & C. Graham (Eds.), The handbook of blendedlearning: Global perspectives, local designs (pp. 22-26). San Francisco: Pfeiffer.Mott, Jon, and David A. Wiley. (2009). Open for Learning: The CMS and the Open Learning Network. In Education:Exploring our Connective Educational Landscape.Swail, W.S. (2002). Higher education and the new demographics: Questions for policy. Change Magazine, 34(4), 15-23Torrisi-Steele, Geraldine (2011). This thing called blended learning – a definition and planning approach. In Researchand Development in Higher Education: Higher Education on the Edge Volume 34.