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Revision Scripture


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  • 1. Scriptures
  • 2. Think:
    • Think of something very special – how do you treat it?
    • Think of something holy – how do you treat it?
  • 3.
    • Which of these books are special/ holy?
    • The Bible
    • The Selfish Gene by Richard Dawkins
    • Gone with the Wind by Margaret Mitchell
    • The Story of Philosophy by Bryan Magee
    • The Qur’an
    • Noddy and Treasure Trail by Enid Blyton
    • The Third Twin by Ken Follet
    • The Universe in a Nutshell by Stephen Hawking
    • Consider:
    • Is ‘The Third Twin’ special too you? Why is it special?
    • Is the ‘Bible’ holy to everyone?
    • What is the difference between holy and special?
    • What does it mean to be holy? Who decides?
    • How does something become holy?
  • 4. An important Skill time!
    • Think of something you did over the Christmas holidays (that you can share with the rest of the class!)
    • What
    • When
    • Where
    • Who
    • How
    • Why
    • These are the 6 essential points you must always mention in an exam.
    • Try apply these pointers to Scripture e.g. What is the Scripture, What is the religion?
  • 5. What, When, Where, Who, How, Why
    • e.g.
    • How was it revealed?
    • Who was it revealed to?
    • How does it describe God/Gods?
    • Why was it created?
    • How important is scripture?
    • Why do people read it?
    • What are the key teachings?
    • When was it revealed?
    • How long did it take to write down?
    • When was it written down?
    • Where did this all take place?
    • How many scriptures are there?
    • What is the hierarchical structure of Scriptures(if there is one?)
  • 6.
    • Revelation: ( Latin ‘revelare’- ‘to unveil’) is when God is revealed to the world.
    • ‘ Propositional revelation’
    • God directly revealing truths about his nature to his people. E.g Ten commandments
    • They are statements of facts.
    • Without error or need of interpretation.
    • Thomas Aquinas (Summa Theolgica) Propositional revelations are truths revealed by God but they are not verified using human reason.
    • ‘ Non propositional revelation’
    • God does not reveal truths to people
    • God is recognised by believers through exploring our history and human experience. E.g artwork, nature, William Paley's eye
  • 7.
    • Note:
    • Believers in propositional revelation i.e. Thomas Aquinas do not reject the use of reason. (brainwashed zombies)
    • Instead God's revelations are not provable by human reason but God can be revealed through using reason in the world.
    • A good example of this are the arguments for the existence of God – cosmological, teleological.
  • 8.
    • Vision B) Miraculous healing C) Recovering from having cancer
    • D) Having a baby E) Feeling God is with you F) Admiring beauty of nature
    • G) Having a near death experience H) Winning the lottery I) Passing your examinations
    • understanding mathematics K) Becoming fluent in a foreign language
    • L) Reading the Bible M) Having an out of this world experience N) Going to church
    • O) Praying
    • Task:
    • write these into propositional (divine closure – God is revealing himself) and non propositional (God’s nature is revealed) groups.
    • Consider:
    • What happens if you fail your exams, is this also a sign from God?
    • What about natural disasters, is God also revealing himself?
  • 9. Literalist Interpretations
    • Unless a passage specifically states it is symbolic, scriptural passages are read as factual , historical accounts
    • E.g. The Creation stories in Genesis
    • Literalists cannot disregard any passage of the Bible
    • Everyone from within a denomination which takes this approach is expected to take literal interpretation and follow it in their lives
    • Scripture is the direct word of God
    • Clearly, this is a propositional view
  • 10. Conservative Interpretations
    • Most Protestant Christians are not so fundamental in approach
    • Believe God inspired Bible
    • Has the authority as the message is directly from God
    • There may be errors in scripture because writers were human & influenced by society in which they lived
    • This allows for changes in society
    • It allows for individual rather than community interpretation of passages
    • A non-propositional approach as it is the messages, not the actual words that are focused on
  • 11. Liberal Interpretations
    • The scripture records the experiences of people seriously seeking to find God
    • Words are those of writers and influenced by their lives and society in which they lived
    • Not directly inspired by God
    • Bible therefore doesn’t have same position of authority
    • Free to reject passages that no longer seem relevant for today
    • Duty of individual Christians to decide which sections are appropriate to their lives
    • Inconsistencies not a problem
    • Steers away from the propositional/ non-propositional debate altogether
    • Because not how scripture came that matters, but how it is used in people’s lives.
  • 12. Problems: Verbal Divine Inspiration – every word from God
    • Bible’s teachings may appear harsh to modern readers
    • Teachings go against modern laws.
    • Can the Bible be disobeyed? Disobeying any instruction in the Bible would be a rejection of God’s revealed commands.
    • The meaning of the Genesis story is much disputed amongst Christians.
    • Contradictions within the text? If it is divinely inspired by God then this leaves no room for error.
    • What is the exact nature of the revelations/ instructions isn't this open to interpretation?
    • Some of the passages found within the Bible conflict with many Christians’ views today. E.g. St. Paul’s statements about women.
  • 13.
    • Look at Brick testament
    • Write three examples and explain the ethical issues that would arise in modern society.
    • What would the world be like if all these laws were obeyed?
    • How do you think a Christian would deal with the dilemma of accepting/ not accepting these biblical passages.
    • Where is the line drawn between laws to accept and laws not to accept? What are these decisions based on (society laws?)
  • 14. Criticisms of Propositional Revelation.
    • Are there any problems in believing that God
    • directly reveals himself through propositional
    • Revelation?
    • Are there any strengths?
    Criticisms of Non–Propositional Revelation. What are the strengths and weaknesses of non propositional revelation?