Judeo God (OCR exam board)


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Judeo God (OCR exam board)

  1. 1. Judeo God Revision
  2. 2. How is God seen as a Craftsman? Creation is not just mentioned in Genesis One and Two but throughout the Bible. Mark 10:6 "But at the beginning of creation God 'made them male and female.' Isaiah 40:28 The LORD is the everlasting God, the Creator of the ends of the earth.
  3. 3. God as Craftsman Genesis One • God as the creator of the Universe. • God’s Word is the creating agent • World comes about through his command. • “Divine Fiat” - creative command of God. Latin word fiat, "let there be". • Hebrew ‘bara’ = "create". • Hebrew ‘asah’ = "make". • Hebrew ‘yasar’ = "form". Genesis Two • Relationship between God and man • God gave man stewardship over the animals and plants • First covenant made and broken • Epistemic distance (Fall of man from paradise) • More poetic account, story telling
  4. 4. Challenge: • Think about one thing that you have achieved or made that you are really proud of. 1. What is it? 2. Why are you proud of it? 3. Describe the process of achieving it This is evidence of craftsmanship not just a creation.
  5. 5. For example:
  6. 6. Craftsman Throughout both stories God is seen to be working: • To a plan. • With purpose and intention behind his creation. • Towards a deliberate act Therefore he is not only a creator but a craftsman. God is seen to take certain pride over His creation. This is why creation is mentioned throughout the Bible Creatio ex nihilo • God created the whole universe, along with everything in existence, out of nothing. • This is a deliberate action by God and one that is Good. • It means that God is the master of the world • God is active, yet remains outside of his creation. “In the beginning…the raging ocean that covered everything was engulfed in total darkness.” Genesis • Ex nihilo is a Latin phrase meaning "out of nothing". • Also appears in classical philosophy as “ex nihilo nihil fit” which means “ Out of nothing comes nothing” • This is not a view necessarily found in Genesis. • Could be seen as added later by the Fourth of the Lateran Councils “His omnipotent power made from nothing.”
  7. 7. Part B) Evaluation Creation not that far fetched… • Many argue that the Creation and Genesis is a far fetched story , little accuracy, no indication of purpose but compared to other creation myths..... Other view point against Creatio ex Nihilo Many argue creation was started out of pre- existent matter or “Creatio ex materia.“ This not only removes God’s omnipotence but also God’s deliberate action (craftsman). Problem: where did the pre – existent matter come from? = infinite regression. Chinese myth ‘Pan Gu’ - giant’s body decomposes after his death. Various parts of his body become parts of the world (the parasites living in his hair become the people of the World.) But nothing comes from nothing? But if this is a deliberate action by God and one that is Good what does it mean by good? G. E. Moore
  8. 8. Where does goodness come from? • Autonomy Thesis: morals already there – God loves them cause they are good, independent of God. Diminishes God ‘s omnipotence Implies even God obeys rules • Divine Command thesis: morals good because God says they are God could have said anything New dilemmas – no guidance Euthyphro Dilemma: Plato’s origin of morality: “God commands things because they are good or whether things are good because God commands them.” It is a dilemma because it questions where goodness comes from: •If goodness is from God what is the problem? •If Goodness is separate from God what is the problem? = Hence the dilemma.
  9. 9. Judeo Christian God Attributes of God
  10. 10. Challenge the teacher! 1. How many attributes of God can you write down in one minute? 2. Go through and highlight all the words that could be also used to describe a human being. • All the words highlighted are examples of ‘anthropomorphic’ language or words that describe God in human terms. • Sometimes people of faith describe God as ‘ineffable’ = beyond words.
  11. 11. Attributes of God Omnipotence of God Omnipotence = all powerful • “And when the Israelites saw the great power the LORD displayed against the Egyptians.” (Exodus 14) Old Testament: • Plagues/ Parting the Red Sea • Creating Universe by words and commands alone • Creatio ex nihilo Omniscience of God • All knowing = Omniscience • Limitless nature of God’s knowledge of both the act of creation and everything that happens within creation • “Nothing in all creation is hidden from God's sight.” (Hebrews 4)
  12. 12. God’s Omnipresence • God is present throughout his creation at the same time is transcendent (separate.) Old Testament: • Answers Hannah’s prayer for a child • Stops Abraham before killing Isaac • Helps the Israelites to escape slavery • Gives the Decalogue as guidance when needed New Testament: • Miracles that Christ performs = God acting/present through Christ. • Feeding of 5000 (Matthew 15:29) • Healing the blind "According to your faith will it be done to you"; and their sight was restored.” (Matthew 9)
  13. 13. Judeo Christian God God as source of Ethics God’s responsibility
  14. 14. Responsibility of God • Many argue that as God is creator God is therefore responsible for his creation. For example if you design a car and sell it to the public you will be held responsible if the car explodes. Two main views: 1. God is designer therefore responsible = not an omnipotent craftsman. 2. Earthquakes, volcanoes are just part of the design, fulfilling a purpose and not deliberately there to cause humans harm. Earthquake only evil when hurts humans – egocentric view.
  15. 15. God as source of ethics God is morally perfect Goodness of God: Psalm 145 “The LORD is good to all; he has compassion on all he has made.” Protector: Psalm 116 “The LORD protects the simple-hearted; when I was in great need, he saved me.” (protects Isaac but removes protection from Job?) All Loving Omni - Benevolent: Psalm25 “All the ways of the LORD are loving and faithful for those who keep the demands of his covenant.” (promise) (gives Hannah a child, rewards Job for his loyalty, gives Abraham a nation) God is source of human ethics Ten Commandments (Decalogue): Exodus 24 “The LORD said to Moses, "Come up to me on the mountain and stay here, and I will give you the tablets of stone, with the law and commands I have written for their instruction.” The first four commandments are about the relationship between God and mankind. (E.g. 1. You shall have no other gods before me. ) The other 6 are how mankind should treat each other. (E.g. 10. You shall not covet.) • Note: God is not creating new commandments but rather reminding his people of the ways of righteousness they had forgotten.
  16. 16. Question: What do you think the terms lawgiver and judge mean? God as Lawgiver • Decalogue • Covenant • 613 Mitzvot Lawgiver: James 4: “There is only one Lawgiver and Judge, the one who is able to save and destroy.” Guide: Exodus 15 “In your strength you will guide them to your holy dwelling.” God as Judge Genesis Two: The Fall – God expels Adam and Eve from paradise. Vengeful and bitter God? No = God clothes them + gives humans free will to turn back to = fair Noah flood: Genesis 6:13 “So God said to Noah, "I am going to put an end to all people, for the earth is filled with violence.” Moses/ Egyptians: Exodus 14:26 “Then the LORD said to Moses, "Stretch out your hand over the sea so that the waters may flow back over the Egyptians and their chariots and horsemen.” Revelation 20:11-15 “And they were judged, every man according to their works.”
  17. 17. Biblical Examples 1. Creation and the Fall 2. Plagues + parting Red Sea 3. Decalogue 4. Job's Test 5. Hannah’s Prayer Activity: Using the print out summarise the key points of each story, linking each to the main attributes of God (omnipotence, omniscience, omnipresence, lawgiver, judge, good, omnibenevolent)
  18. 18. HTTPS://ITHINKTHEREFOREITEACH. WORDPRESS.COM/ If you would like further information please follow the link below to my blog: