Finland Russia Visa arrangements
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Finland Russia Visa arrangements

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this is my presentation for Prof.Monar course at the College of Europe. ...

this is my presentation for Prof.Monar course at the College of Europe.
the views expressed are the full responsibility
of the author alone and do not engage the College of Europe.
les éléments contenus dans cette présentation n'engagent que son auteur et ne peuvent en aucune façon etre attribués au College d'Europe

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Finland Russia Visa arrangements Finland Russia Visa arrangements Presentation Transcript

  • SCHENGEN BORDERS IN PRACTICE
    case study of visa issuance arrangements between Finland and Northwest Federal district of Russia
  • OUTLINE
    • puzzle: Schengen visa – easy to obtain?
    • ‘because’-part: why & how it works with Finns View slide
    • implications of the puzzle for the EU visa regime
    • puzzle: Schengen visa – easy to obtain?
    The concept ‘common border – common visa policy’:
    Schengen Convention, 1990
    Article 9
    1. The Contracting Parties undertake to adopt a commonpolicy onthe movement of persons and, in particular, on thearrangements for visas.
    View slide
  • The concept ‘common border – common visa policy’:
    Maastricht Treaty on the European Union, 1992
    Article K.1
    For the purposes of achieving the objectives of the Union, in particular the free movement of persons […] Member States shall regard the following areas as matters of common interest:
    […]
    2.  rules governing the crossing by persons of the external borders of the Member States and the exercise of controls thereon[…]
  • The concept ‘common border – common visa policy’:
    Amsterdam Treatyamending TEC, 1997
    Article 62
    The Council […] shall […] adopt:
    […]
    (2) measures on the crossing of the external borders of the Member States which shall establish:
    […]
    (b) rules on visas for intended stays of no more than three months, including:
    […]
    (ii) the procedures and conditions for issuing visas by Member States […]
  • The concept ‘common border – common visa policy’
    Secondary legislation
    • 2001 (2007) – COUNCIL REGULATION (EC) No 539/2001of 15 March 2001listing the third countries whose nationals must be in possession of visas when crossing the externalborders and those whose nationals are exempt from that requirement
    • 2005 (2002) – COMMON CONSULAR INSTRUCTIONS ON VISAS FOR THE DIPLOMATIC MISSIONS ANDCONSULAR POSTS(2005/C 326/01)
    • 2009 – REGULATION (EC) No 810/2009 OF THE EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT AND OF THE COUNCIL of 13 July 2009 establishing a Community Code on Visas(Visa Code)
    • 2008 - REGULATION (EC) No 767/2008 OF THE EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT AND OF THE COUNCILof 9 July 2008concerning the Visa Information System (VIS) and the exchange of data between Member States onshort-stay visas (VIS Regulation)
  • The puzzle: Finish Schengen visas for NWFD of Russia
    Every ninth citizen of SPb got Finish Schengen visa in 2008
  • Uniform visas (visas ‘C’) issued by selected Member States, 2008
    Source: authors’ own calculations based on Council document 12493/09 ‘Exchange of statistical information on uniform visas issued by Member States' diplomatic missions and consular posts’, 2009
  • Number of visas ‘C’ issued by Finnish dip.missions in Russia, 2008
    Source: authors’ own calculations based on Council document 12493/09 ‘Exchange of statistical information on uniform visas issued by Member States' diplomatic missions and consular posts’, 2009
  • Area - 1 687 000 sq.km
    Population - 13 462 000
  • A unique regime? Poland and the its border region of the Ukraine?
    • ‘because’-part: why & how it works with Finns
    Economic rationale
    Confidence habit
  • Number of visas issued by Finnish dip.missions in Russia and number of trips to Finland by Russians, 2008
    Source: authors’ own calculations based on Council document 12493/09 ‘Exchange of statistical information on uniform visas issued by Member States' diplomatic missions and consular posts’, 2009 and Rosturism and Rosstat, 2009
  • ForeigntouristsvisitingFinland, 2008
    Source: RAJAHAASTATTELUTUTKIMUS,
    BORDER INTERVIEW SURVEY, Finnish Tourist Board / Statistics Finland, 2009
  • Average expenditure of foreign tourists (incl. same-day visitors) per day, 2008
    Source: RAJAHAASTATTELUTUTKIMUS,
    BORDER INTERVIEW SURVEY, Finnish Tourist Board / Statistics Finland, 2009
  • Total amounts of money brought to Finland by foreign passengers, 2008
    Source: RAJAHAASTATTELUTUTKIMUS,
    BORDER INTERVIEW SURVEY, Finnish Tourist Board / Statistics Finland, 2009
  • Historical memory &
    confidence habit
    President of Finland, Uhro K. Kekkonen, (R) with Nikita S. Khrushchev (C) at party atFinlandEmbassy
  • 2006
    Russia migration-to-the-EU pattern
    The US migration-to-the-EU pattern
    • implications of the puzzle for the EU visa regime
    • Common border, territory of MSs, common visa policy
    • Practice is different - even if it is a unique case
    • Visa-free regime with Russia – another example?
    ‘as the minister said, we have discussed visas as well; what I would saying in term of future as we need to focus very much on the substance of what we need to achieve between us to enable us to reach the point and we will continue with that work’
    (Catherine ASHTON, Press conference, 24 February 2010)
  • ‘I consider that the lower barriers between us get, the sooner and better we can achieve a visa-free regime’
    (Alexander Stubb, a meeting with Sankt Petersburg Governor ValentinaMatvienko, 2008)
    ‘Exemption from the visa requirement between the EU and Russia is an important goal, which will markedly increase and facilitate interaction between citizens in due course. Finland favours rapid progress towards the introduction of a visa-free travel regime based on jointly agreedreciprocallybindingterms’
    (Russia Action Plan, 2009)
    Alexander Stubb
  • Picture sources
    • ‘Frontier zone’ by foothillpete, http://www.flickr.com/photos/peten/91381230/sizes/l/
    • ‘eu puzzle_1’, Scottish International Investment, http://www.scot-invest.com/images/pictures/eu_puzzle1.jpg
    • ‘Signing of the Schengen Agreement (14 June 1985)’, © Service Information et Presse du Gouvernement luxembourgeois, http://www.ena.lu/
    • ‘The Maastricht Treaty’ by KonradDwojak, http://www.flickr.com/photos/konradd/384948344/
    • ‘amsterdamtreaty’, CIVITAS, EU FACTS, http://www.civitas.org.uk/eufacts/graphics/amsterdamtreaty.jpg
    • ‘Queue for essential goods’, Tenetour, http://images.google.ru/imgres?imgurl=http://www.tenetour.com/History/large/queue_for_essential_goods.jpeg&imgrefurl=http://www.tenetour.com/history8.php&usg=__x-0dH_ursjlzMFAWMkyeFvK_ZJk=&h=365&w=669&sz=55&hl=ru&start=45&um=1&itbs=1&tbnid=8fa-OoImcD-81M:&tbnh=75&tbnw=138&prev=/images%3Fq%3Dsoviet%2Bqueue%26start%3D42%26um%3D1%26hl%3Dru%26lr%3D%26newwindow%3D1%26sa%3DN%26rlz%3D1G1GGLQ_RURU284%26ndsp%3D21%26tbs%3Disch:1
    • ‘Northwest Federal District’, THE OFFICIAL KARELIA. The Republic of Karelia State Government Bodies’ Official Web Portal, http://www.gov.karelia.ru/gov/Maps/nw1_e.gif
    • ‘at the polish/ukrainian border’ by bike2chemnitz, http://www.flickr.com/photos/bike2where/2967732986/
    • ‘joliette’ by -Antoine-, http://www.flickr.com/photos/rouleau/158302540/
    • ‘President of Finland, Uhro K. Kekkonen, (R) w. Nikita S. Khrushchev (C) at party at Finland Embassy’ by Carl Mydans, http://cache1.asset-cache.net/xc/50554543.jpg?v=1&c=IWSAsset&k=2&d=E41C9FE5C4AA0A14D34ADF54AB9DE9DB6DDCA825C8C3CA71E818EF4E0625F85DB01E70F2B3269972
    • ‘AlexsanderStubb’,AlexsanderStubb’s web site, http://www.alexstubb.com/