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  • 1. Page |1 Bittersweet Symphony FNBE JULY 2013 - ENGL 0205 English 2 Name of group members: Sharon Chow Ci Yung; Lim Chong Min; Tony Tang Lee Lung; Wong Yeong Cherng; Tan Zi Cin
  • 2. Page |2 Kopitiam Culture in Klang Valley and Kota Kinabalu English 2 (ENGL 0205) Research Assignment Sharon Chow Ci Yung (0313387) Lim Chong Min (0313739) Tony Tang Lee Lung (0314002) Wong Yeong Cherng (0313378) Tan Zi Cin (0314079) Table of Content Artistic Front Cover FNBE JULY 2013 - ENGL 0205 English 2 Page 1 Name of group members: Sharon Chow Ci Yung; Lim Chong Min; Tony Tang Lee Lung; Wong Yeong Cherng; Tan Zi Cin
  • 3. Page |3 Cover Page Page 2 Table of Content Page 3 Key Summary Page 4- 5 The History of Kopitiam Page 6 The History of Coffee Page 7 Background Information of Chong Kok Kopitiam Page 8-9 Background Information of Sukimye Hainan Page 10-11 Kopitiam Background Information of Kedai Kopi New Chiu Page12-13 Yuong Comparative Analysis Page 14-16 Recommendation Page 17-18 Bibliography Page 19-20 Appendix Page 21-32 Reference Page 33 Artistic Back Cover Page 34 Key Summary Introduction: FNBE JULY 2013 - ENGL 0205 English 2 Name of group members: Sharon Chow Ci Yung; Lim Chong Min; Tony Tang Lee Lung; Wong Yeong Cherng; Tan Zi Cin
  • 4. Page |4 This research report centralizes on the coffee shop businesses in two geographical regions which are Klang Valley and Kota Kinabalu. The similarities and differences of three businesses of the same industry are highlighted in this report. We have chosen to interview Chong Kok Kopitiam (Klang Valley), Sukimye Kopitiam (Klang Valley) and Kedai Kopi New Chiu Yuong (Kota Kinabalu). In order to compare and contrast these three coffee shops, we came out with the following research questions: 1. When was the business founded? 2. Who were the key founders? 3. What prompted the founders to start the business? 4. What are your main products? 5. Who are your customers? 6. How many braches do you have? 7. Could you provide us the business’ most recent development? (last 2-5 years) 8. Do you have any competitors? Who are they? 9. How do you compete with your competitors? 10. How much capital is required to start this business? 11. Generally, do you feel it is easy or hard to enter this market? Why? Methodology a. Interviews FNBE JULY 2013 - ENGL 0205 English 2 Name of group members: Sharon Chow Ci Yung; Lim Chong Min; Tony Tang Lee Lung; Wong Yeong Cherng; Tan Zi Cin
  • 5. Page |5 As a group of five, no doubt we have far more than enough manpower to conduct the interviews. In order to complete three interviews within the shortest time period possible, we decided to adapt the divide and conquer strategy. Initially we wanted to conduct all the interviews together but later on we realised that would only be a waste of time. Therefore, we will conduct the interviews separately with our respective teams. b. Meetings During our very first meeting, we will discuss about the potential coffee shops that we will interview. We will also divide up the tasks equally among ourselves. As some of us have different timetables, we will keep in touch with each other and update each other via Whatsapp and Facebook. The History of Kopitiam “A kopitiam or kopi tiam is a traditional coffee shop found in Southeast Asia, patronized for meals and beverages. The word kopi is Malay for coffee and tiam is the FNBE JULY 2013 - ENGL 0205 English 2 Name of group members: Sharon Chow Ci Yung; Lim Chong Min; Tony Tang Lee Lung; Wong Yeong Cherng; Tan Zi Cin
  • 6. Page |6 Hokkien/Hakka word for shop” (Sumarjan, N., Mohd Zahari, M.S., Mohd Radzi S., Mohd Haradiah M.H., Saiful Bakhtiar M.F., Zainal, A., 2013). A typical kopitiam’s menu consists of half-boiled eggs, toast with kaya (coconut jam) and butter, tea as well as coffee. The history of kopitiam can be retrieved way back in the 1850’s when the Hainanese migrated from China to South East Asia (Lim I., 2013). However, by the time Hainanese migrated to South East Asia, other Chinese ethnicities such as Cantonese, Teochew, Hokkien and Hakka were already here and dominated most of the employment opportunities. For instance, the Hokkien worked as shopkeepers or petty merchants while the Hakka on the other hand worked as manual labors in tin mines or rubber plantations (Carstens, S.A., 2006). Therefore, a large number of Hainanese ended up taking jobs as cooks in British military camps and in the homes of British expatriates and wealthy Chinese. There and then the Hainanese learned to make perfectly cooked roasts, cream of mushroom soup, boil eggs, fry up crispy chops and knead dough for bread and pastries. As time passes, they put these experiences from working as cooks to good uses by setting up their own restaurants or coffee shops (Unknown, 2012). The History of Coffee FNBE JULY 2013 - ENGL 0205 English 2 Name of group members: Sharon Chow Ci Yung; Lim Chong Min; Tony Tang Lee Lung; Wong Yeong Cherng; Tan Zi Cin
  • 7. Page |7 One of the signature products of a kopitiam is no doubt, coffee. Coffee has become one of the most popular agricultural products in the world since its discovery around the ninth century (Knox, K. & Huffaker J.S., 1997). The history of coffee can be traced back way back to the discovery of the coffee plant at Ethiopia. Kaldi, a young goat herder spontaneously decided to let his goats run a bit wild and left them alone to find their own way back to the base camp. Kaldini found out his goats were kicking their tiny legs around when he finally met with his goats. He then realized his goats ate the red barriers from a hillside shrub. Kaldini decided to chew the leaves and red berries of the shrub out of curiosity (Arndorfer, T. & Hansen, K., 2006). A few centuries later, coffee is now common beverage that is familiar to people from all social classes. “So whether it’s a coffee break for factory worker or an afternoon café noir (black coffee) in Paris, it’s essentially the same thing: coffee” (Arndorfer, T. & Hansen, K., 2006). Background Information of Chong Kok Kopitiam FNBE JULY 2013 - ENGL 0205 English 2 Name of group members: Sharon Chow Ci Yung; Lim Chong Min; Tony Tang Lee Lung; Wong Yeong Cherng; Tan Zi Cin
  • 8. Page |8 One of the coffee shops that we have interviewed is Chong Kok Kopitiam which is located at Jalan Stesen, Klang. Chong Kok was founded way back in the year 1940 which was almost eight decades ago. The founder of Chong Kok Kopitiam is Foo Wah Lian. During the British colonization, Foo Wah Lian worked as a cook on a ship where he gained western style cooking skills. With polished cooking skills in one hand and Hainanese background on another, Foo Wah Lian decided to start up a Hainanese coffee shop in order to make a living. 73 years later, Chong Kok is now one of the oldest and most well-established traditional Hainanese coffee shops in Klang. It is now run by FNBE JULY 2013 - ENGL 0205 English 2 Name of group members: Sharon Chow Ci Yung; Lim Chong Min; Tony Tang Lee Lung; Wong Yeong Cherng; Tan Zi Cin
  • 9. Page |9 the Foo Wah Lian’s granddaughter. Since the very first day of business, Chong Kok has never relocated before. Chong Kok is popular among not just Chinese but also Malay and Indian due to the great diverse of food it offers. One of its most iconic products would be no doubt bread with kaya (coconut jam) and butter. Nasi lemak (coconut rice with fried fish) and Nyonya cakes also receive a great amount of love from Chong Kok’s loyal customers especially the Malays. These delicious food are usually accompanied by a cup of aromatic coffee served in a small yellow cup with Chong Kok’s logo printed on it. When we were interviewing Chong Kok’s current owner, she proudly told us that the coffee she sells would be considered as one of the best in Klang. Chong Kok is one of the very few coffee shops left in Klang that has a long history and large number of loyal customers. As it offers quality food that comes with a reasonable and affordable price tag especially to those from the working class who don’t have a large monthly pay check for posh breakfasts at fancy restaurants. Unlike other traditional coffee shops, Chong Kok is pretty up-to-date when it comes to technology. Chong Kok actually has its own blog. The blog showcases Chong Kok’s seasonal products like mooncake that comes in a great diverse of flavors. The blog is also a platform for the coffee shop to make announcements such as its off days to the fellow customers. FNBE JULY 2013 - ENGL 0205 English 2 Name of group members: Sharon Chow Ci Yung; Lim Chong Min; Tony Tang Lee Lung; Wong Yeong Cherng; Tan Zi Cin
  • 10. P a g e | 10 Background Infornation of Sukimye Hainan Kopitiam We interview a total of two coffee shops in the Klang Valley regions. Sukimye Hainan Kopitiam is one of the two shops we interviewed. Sukimye was founded in the year 1993 which was two decades ago. Sukimye was founded by Tan Heng Ann with the initiatives to make a living at the Subang Jaya region as the location of Sukimye is right in the middle of a residential area. Two decades later, Sukimye is now a well-known eatery among students who live in the PJS 7 area. The founder, Tan Heng Ann has stepped down from his job and the coffee shop is now run by Chia Jian Hao, Tan Heng Ann’s grandson. FNBE JULY 2013 - ENGL 0205 English 2 Name of group members: Sharon Chow Ci Yung; Lim Chong Min; Tony Tang Lee Lung; Wong Yeong Cherng; Tan Zi Cin
  • 11. P a g e | 11 One of Sukimye’s main products is coffee. As a Hainan coffee shop, Sukimye has its own way when it comes to brewing a cup of aromatic and mouth-watering coffee. Although coffee is its main product but Sukimye do have a great diverse of products, ranging from iced coffee, bubble tea to chicken chop. In order to keep up with the competitors and ensure that its customers remain loyal, Sukimye releases a new product twice a year which is once every six months. Since students make up majority of its customers, Sukimye sells products like bubble tea, something that most coffee shops do not have in order to satisfy the young adults’ picky taste buds. FNBE JULY 2013 - ENGL 0205 English 2 Name of group members: Sharon Chow Ci Yung; Lim Chong Min; Tony Tang Lee Lung; Wong Yeong Cherng; Tan Zi Cin
  • 12. P a g e | 12 Background Information of Kedai Kopi New Chiu Yuong The second coffee shop we interviewed is Kedai Kopi New Chiu Young located at Hilltop, Kota Kinabalu, Sabah. New Chiu Young is founded by Ho Uui Kong in the year 1988. New Chiu Young first started as a hawker stall at Segama, Kota Kinabalu. A decade later, the owner finally could afford renting a shop lot and start-up Kedai Kopi New Chiu Yuong in the year 1998. Throughout the years, the business of New Chiu Young started growing steadily day by day. Five years ago, the owner purchased the shop lot he had been renting for ten long years. The name New Chiu Young is a direct FNBE JULY 2013 - ENGL 0205 English 2 Name of group members: Sharon Chow Ci Yung; Lim Chong Min; Tony Tang Lee Lung; Wong Yeong Cherng; Tan Zi Cin
  • 13. P a g e | 13 translation from its Chinese name which deliberately means a new beginning. The name of New Chiu Young symbolises the turning point of the owner’s life. In the year 1998, Mr.Ho who was born and raised in Sandakan decided to move to Kota Kinabalu as compared to Sandakan, chances of succeeding in business was way higher back then. Therefore, he bided farewell to his friends and relatives back in his hometown and moved to Kota Kinabalu in order to make a living. When he first started his business, as he was inexperienced, he had a hard time making the ends meet. As time passed, he started to master the secrets behind running a business and slowly he gained a significant amount of loyal customers. Surprisingly, when he moved to Hilltop, his customers back in Segama actually remained supportive and loyal towards New Chiu Yuong. New Chiu Young’s signature food is kon loh mee (egg noodles with pork). Kon loh mee is a popular choice of breakfast among Chinese Malaysians in both Peninsular Malaysia and East Malaysia. The egg noodles sold by New Chiu Young are freshly made by the owner every morning. He has his own secret recipe to make such mouthwatering noodles. His secret recipe is one of his key components of his transition from a small hawker stall to his own shop lot. FNBE JULY 2013 - ENGL 0205 English 2 Name of group members: Sharon Chow Ci Yung; Lim Chong Min; Tony Tang Lee Lung; Wong Yeong Cherng; Tan Zi Cin
  • 14. P a g e | 14 Comparative Analysis We have interview a total of three coffee shops, Chong Kok Kopitiam, Sukimye Hainan Kopitiam and Kedai Kopi New Chiu Yuong, from two different geographical regions, Klang Valley and Kota Kinabalu. Out of the three coffee shops that we have interviewed, none of them owns a branch. Although all of the businesses that we have interviewed are in the same industry and sell similar products but they do have more than a handful of differences that distinguish themselves from one another. First of all, when it comes to customers, all three have customers coming from different social classes. For Chong Kok, majority of its customers are from the blue collar working class due as it offers quality food at a fairly affordable price. On the other hand, students made up a most of Sukimye’s customer base. As Sukimye located right beside Taylor’s University and there are a great amount of students who study at Taylor’s University live in the PJS 7 where Sukimye operates. In addition, the market New Chiu Yuong serves consists of a majority of golden citizens. To them, having breakfast at New Chiu Yuong and chit-chat with their friends in the morning is part of their must-have daily routine. When it comes to developing the business, Chong Kok didn’t really change much for the past few years. Chong Kok wants to stick to its current style as the current owner believes that not having fancy interiors and air conditioners is actually one of its vital charms. Sukimye on the other hand had gone through a renovation and slightly expanded the shop three years ago. Moreover, five years ago, the owner of New Chiu FNBE JULY 2013 - ENGL 0205 English 2 Name of group members: Sharon Chow Ci Yung; Lim Chong Min; Tony Tang Lee Lung; Wong Yeong Cherng; Tan Zi Cin
  • 15. P a g e | 15 Yuong bought over the shop lot that he had been renting for years. As the business of New Chiu Yuong is steadily increasing, there is a possibility that the owner would open up a branch in the new future. Out of the three coffee shops, Chong Kok is the only one without a competitor. Chong Kok had been in the exact same location for almost eight decades and is now granted the status of one of the most established coffee shops in Klang. The owner stated that nowadays historical coffee shops who serve quality coffee is quite rare. Unlike Chong Kok, Sukimye and New Chiu Yuong do have some strong competitors. One of Sukimye’s strongest competitors Sang Wee Coffee Shop where the distance between two coffee shops is just a stone’s throw away. In order to keep up with its competitor, Sukimye releases a new product twice a year. New Chiu Yuong’s competitor is Kedai Kopi Jing Jing. Popularity wise, Jing Jing is slightly more popular than Chiu Yuong as Wang Wang’s targeted market comes from all age groups while New Chiu Yuong only targets on golden citizens. However, unlike Sukimye, New Chiu Yuong does not have any plans or strategies to keep up with its competitor. Furthermore, all three coffee shops used different sums of money to start up their respective businesses. For Chong Kok, its starting-up capital is equivalent to 5000 Malayan Dollar which equivalent to today’s RM60, 000. Sukimye’s founder started up with RM 50,000 while New Chiu Yuong started up with RM 30,000 as it started off as a hawker stall. FNBE JULY 2013 - ENGL 0205 English 2 Name of group members: Sharon Chow Ci Yung; Lim Chong Min; Tony Tang Lee Lung; Wong Yeong Cherng; Tan Zi Cin
  • 16. P a g e | 16 Lastly, all three coffee shops find the coffee shop market hard to enter. For instance, Chong Kok finds the market difficult to enter due to the minimal profits. Chong Kok had been selling its food and drinks at a relatively low price so that it wouldn’t burden its loyal customers but recently the prices of all the coffees shop must-haves such as sugar, eggs and flours had skyrocketed and it was rather burdensome for coffee shops like Chong Kok. Sukimye faces problem when it comes to employing workers as the government sets the minimum wage at RM 800. Sukimye needs a minimum of two to three workers in order to operate but paying RM 1600 to RM 2400 just for the workers left a small business like Sukimye almost no profits left. New Chiu Yuong on the other hand find the cost of business development is high. It requires around RM 100,000 for New Chiu Yuong to open up a banch. That price tag left the owner with sweaty palms as the chances of its branch obtaining as much success isn’t that high. To conclude, out of the three coffee shops that we have interviewed, Chong Kok is no doubt the most commercially successful one compared to Sukimye and New Chiu Yuong. Chong Kok didn’t it just made it to the top in the coffee shop industry at Klang but also remained on top for almost eight decades. Compared to Chong Kok, Sukimye and New Chiu Yunong still have a long way to go when it comes to making it to the top as their customer base isn’t as firm or large as comparison to Chong Kok. FNBE JULY 2013 - ENGL 0205 English 2 Name of group members: Sharon Chow Ci Yung; Lim Chong Min; Tony Tang Lee Lung; Wong Yeong Cherng; Tan Zi Cin
  • 17. P a g e | 17 Recommendation Although all three coffee shops are receiving a significant amount of support from its current customers but there are ways to improve their respective competitiveness. Although Chong Kok is the prime member of its league but doesn’t mean that other businesses do not see it as a competition. In order to remain on top, Chong Kok should update its blog at least twice a week in order to keep in touch with its customers. By updating its blog frequently, Chong Kok stands higher chances to attract more potential customers especially those from the younger age group who enjoy browsing through food-related blogs during their leisure time. Besides, Chong Kok should expand its interior space to accommodate more customers. At the same time, customers will feel more comfort after expand the interior space. Moreover, Sukimye should lower the prices of its food and beverages to attract more customers especially the students who majority of them live on a tight budget. The prices of the food are within the range of RM6 to RM7 while its competitors are RM5 to RM6. Furthermore, Sukimye should promote its specialties on popular social sites such as Facebook, Instagram and Twitter. Promoting online is the most effective and costfriendly way to increase Sukimye’s popularity among the younger age groups. FNBE JULY 2013 - ENGL 0205 English 2 Name of group members: Sharon Chow Ci Yung; Lim Chong Min; Tony Tang Lee Lung; Wong Yeong Cherng; Tan Zi Cin
  • 18. P a g e | 18 Lastly, New Chiu Yuong should diversify its menu. Instead of just focusing on noodles, New Chiu Yuong should provide more choices for its potential customers. Porridge, Dim Sum and steamed buns would be great additions to its existing menu. Besides that, New Chiu Yuong should give the environment of its shop a facelift. For instance, install air-conditioners and refurnish the walls. Nicely renovated environment and airconditioner are deadly charms to young adults. FNBE JULY 2013 - ENGL 0205 English 2 Name of group members: Sharon Chow Ci Yung; Lim Chong Min; Tony Tang Lee Lung; Wong Yeong Cherng; Tan Zi Cin
  • 19. P a g e | 19 Bibliography Arndorfer, T. & Hansen, K. (2006).The Complete Idiot’s Guide to Coffee& Tea. Alpha Books. United States of America: New York. Carstens, S.A. (2006). Histories, Cultures, Identities: Studies in Malaysian Chinese Worlds. NUS Publishing. Singapore. Freeman, J., Freeman, C. & Duggan, T. (2012).The Blue Bottle Craft of Coffee: Growing, Roasting and Drinking with Recipes. Ten Speed Press. United States of America: New York. Knox, K. & Huffaker J.S. (1997). Coffee Basics: A Quick and Easy Guide. John Wiley & Sons Inc. United States of America: New York. Lim,I. (2013).The Revival of The Kopitiam Culture. Bfs Magazine. Retrieved November 26, 2013 from http://www.bfsmagazine.com.my/index.php?option=com_content&view=ar ticle&id=1802:the-revival-of-the-kopitiam-culture&catid=228:articles&Itemid=1524 Pendergrast, M. (1999). Uncommon Grounds. Basic Books. United States of America: New York. Sumarjan, N., Mohd Zahari, M.S., Mohd Radzi S., Mohd Haradiah M.H., Saiful Bakhtiar M.F. , Zainal, A. (2013). Hospitality and Tourism: Synergizing Creativity and Innovation in Research. CRC Press. United Kingdom: London. Suryadinata, L. (2002). Ethnic Chinese in Singapore and Malaysia. Time Academic Press. Singapore. Suryadinata, L. (2007). Understanding the Ethic Chinese in Southeast Asia. ISEAS Publishing. Singapore Tan, S.L. & Tay, M. (2013).World Food: Malaysia & Singapore. Lonely Planet Publications. Australia: Victoria. Turnback, M. (2008). Coffee Drinks. Ten Speed Press. United States of America: Berkeley. FNBE JULY 2013 - ENGL 0205 English 2 Name of group members: Sharon Chow Ci Yung; Lim Chong Min; Tony Tang Lee Lung; Wong Yeong Cherng; Tan Zi Cin
  • 20. P a g e | 20 Unknown. (2012). On Hainanese Cuisine, Or How Chicken Chops Became Comfort Food in Malaysia. EatingAsia. Retrieved November 26, 2013 from http://eatingasia.typepad.com/eatingasia/kopitiam/ Unknown. (2013). Mooncake Order Online. Chong Kok Kopitiam. Retrieved November 20, 2013 from http://chongkok.blogspot.com/ Young, D. (2009). Coffee Love. John Wiley & Sons Inc. United States of America: New Jersey. FNBE JULY 2013 - ENGL 0205 English 2 Name of group members: Sharon Chow Ci Yung; Lim Chong Min; Tony Tang Lee Lung; Wong Yeong Cherng; Tan Zi Cin
  • 21. P a g e | 21 Appendix a. Suvey Questionnaire 1. When was the business founded? 2. Who were the key founders? 3. What prompted the founders to start the business? 4. What are your main products? 5. Who are your customers? 6. How many braches do you have? 7. Could you provide us the business’ most recent development? (Last 2-5 years) 8. Do you have any competitors? Who are they? 9. How do you compete with your competitors? 10. How much capital is required to start this business? 11. Generally, do you feel it is easy or hard to enter this market? Why? FNBE JULY 2013 - ENGL 0205 English 2 Name of group members: Sharon Chow Ci Yung; Lim Chong Min; Tony Tang Lee Lung; Wong Yeong Cherng; Tan Zi Cin
  • 22. P a g e | 22 b. Interview Results i) Chong Kok Kopitiam 1. When was the business founded? - 1940. 2. Who were the key founders? - Foo Wah Lian 3. What prompted the founders to start the business? -To make a living with the cooking skills he gained from cooking on a ship during the British colonization. 4. What are your main products? -Bread with kaya, Nasi Lemak, Nyonya Cakes. 5. Who are your customers? - Blue-collar working class. 6. How many braches do you have? - None. FNBE JULY 2013 - ENGL 0205 English 2 Name of group members: Sharon Chow Ci Yung; Lim Chong Min; Tony Tang Lee Lung; Wong Yeong Cherng; Tan Zi Cin
  • 23. P a g e | 23 7. Could you provide us the business’ most recent development? (Last 2-5 years) - None. 8. Do you have any competitors? Who are they? -None. 9. How do you compete with your competitors? -N/A. 10. How much capital is required to start this business? - 5000 Malayan Dollars which equivalent to today’s RM 60,000. 11. Generally, do you feel it is easy or hard to enter this market? Why? - Hard because of the minimal profit. The prices of sugar, eggs and flour are rising from time to time. FNBE JULY 2013 - ENGL 0205 English 2 Name of group members: Sharon Chow Ci Yung; Lim Chong Min; Tony Tang Lee Lung; Wong Yeong Cherng; Tan Zi Cin
  • 24. P a g e | 24 ii) Sukimye Hainan Kopitiam 1. When was the business founded? - 1993. 2. Who were the key founders? - Tan Heng Ann. 3. What prompted the founders to start the business? - The advantage of Sukimye’s location which is right in the middle of a residential area, 4. What are your main products? - Coffee, bubble tea, chicken chop. 5. Who are your customers? - Students. 6. How many braches do you have? - None. 7. Could you provide us the business’ most recent development? (Last 2-5 years) - Underwent renovation and expanded the size of the shop. 8. Do you have any competitors? Who are they? - Yes. Sang Wee Coffee Shop. FNBE JULY 2013 - ENGL 0205 English 2 Name of group members: Sharon Chow Ci Yung; Lim Chong Min; Tony Tang Lee Lung; Wong Yeong Cherng; Tan Zi Cin
  • 25. P a g e | 25 9. How do you compete with your competitors? - Release a new product twice a year. 10. How much capital is required to start this business? - RM 50, 000. 11. Generally, do you feel it is easy or hard to enter this market? Why? - Hard because of the minimum wage for workers is too high. The minimum wage for one worker is RM800 and the business needs two to three workers. The business could barely afford it. FNBE JULY 2013 - ENGL 0205 English 2 Name of group members: Sharon Chow Ci Yung; Lim Chong Min; Tony Tang Lee Lung; Wong Yeong Cherng; Tan Zi Cin
  • 26. P a g e | 26 iii) Kedai Kopi New Chiu Yuong 1. When was the business founded? - 1988. 2. Who were the key founders? - Hoo Uui Kong. 3. What prompted the founders to start the business? - To make a living. 4. What are your main products? - Kon loh mee (egg noodles with pork). 5. Who are your customers? - Golden citizens. 6. How many braches do you have? - None. 7. Could you provide us the business’ most recent development? (Last 2-5 years) -In the year 2008, I bought over the shop lot that I had been renting for years. 8. Do you have any competitors? Who are they? - Yes. Kedai Kopi Jing Jing. FNBE JULY 2013 - ENGL 0205 English 2 Name of group members: Sharon Chow Ci Yung; Lim Chong Min; Tony Tang Lee Lung; Wong Yeong Cherng; Tan Zi Cin
  • 27. P a g e | 27 9. How do you compete with your competitors? - N/A. 10. How much capital is required to start this business? -RM 30,000. 11. Generally, do you feel it is easy or hard to enter this market? Why? -Hard. The cost of business development is high. I want to open up a branch but that requires a minimum of RM100, 000. FNBE JULY 2013 - ENGL 0205 English 2 Name of group members: Sharon Chow Ci Yung; Lim Chong Min; Tony Tang Lee Lung; Wong Yeong Cherng; Tan Zi Cin
  • 28. P a g e | 28 c. Meeting Minutes Meeting Title: Discussion on Research [MEETING DATE] 31/10/2013 MINUTES MEETING CALLED BY [MEETING LOCATION] E8.03 Sharon Chow Ci Yung TYPE OF MEETING [MEETING TIME] 11 am Discussion on The Research FACILITATOR NOTE TAKER Tan Zi Cin TIMEKEEPER Lim Chong MIn ATTENDEES Tony Tang Lee Lung, Wong Yeong Cherng, Lim Chong Min, Sharon Chow Ci Yung, Tan Zi Cin Agenda topics [TIME ALLOTTED] 11.15 AM [AGENDA TOPIC] DECIDE ON WHICH COFFEE SHOP TO GO TO [PRESENTER] SHARON DISCUSSION Research on deciding which three coffee shops our group are going to interview. CONCLUSIONS After gathering information from the internet, we decided to conduct our interview at Kota Kinabalu and Klang. ACTION ITEMS PERSON RESPONSIBLE Sharon Chow will be responsible to interview one coffee shops in Kota Kinabalu and the other will be responsible for interviewing two DEADLINE All group members. coffee shops in Klang. [TIME ALLOTTED] 11.30AM [AGENDA TOPIC] DECIDE ON WHICH KOPITIAM TO GO [PRESENTER] SHARON DISCUSSION To decide which coffee shops to interview in Klang Valley and Kota Kinabalu. CONCLUSIONS Chong Min, Yeong Cherng and Sharon will conduct an interview with the owner of Chong Kok Kopitiam. FNBE JULY 2013 - ENGL 0205 English 2 Name of group members: Sharon Chow Ci Yung; Lim Chong Min; Tony Tang Lee Lung; Wong Yeong Cherng; Tan Zi Cin
  • 29. P a g e | 29 When Sharon returns to her hometown, Kota Kinabalu, she will conduct and interview with the respective owners of Kedai Kopi New Chui Yuong. Tan Zi Cin will conduct an interview with the owner of Sukimye Hainan Kopitiam. ACTION ITEMS PERSON RESPONSIBLE Gather at Taylor’s University on Friday at 8am to depart to Klang. Tony Tang, Wong Yeong Cherng, Lim Chong Min. Conduct interview in Kota Kinabalu during Deepavali break. Sharon Chow. [TIME ALLOTTED] 12.00PM [AGENDA TOPIC] DEVIDING THE TASKS FOR THE RESEARCH REPORT DEADLINE [PRESENTER] SHARON DISCUSSION To divide up the tasks that has to be done for the research report within the members. CONCLUSIONS Tan Zi Cin will be in charge of the artistic cover, cover page and table of contents. Tony Tang will be in charge of key summary and reference. Yeong Cherng will be in charge of recommendat ion and bibliography. Chong Min will be in charge of the history of the coffee shops. Sharon Chow will be in charge of the brief description of the businesses and the comparative analysis. ACTION ITEMS PERSON RESPONSIBLE We work individually on our tasks. All group members. FNBE JULY 2013 - ENGL 0205 English 2 DEADLINE Name of group members: Sharon Chow Ci Yung; Lim Chong Min; Tony Tang Lee Lung; Wong Yeong Cherng; Tan Zi Cin
  • 30. P a g e | 30 d. Pictures Figure 1.0 Chong Kok Kopitiam. Figure 1.1 Toast with kaya (coconut jam) and butter Figure 1.2 Chong Kok’s counter FNBE JULY 2013 - ENGL 0205 English 2 Name of group members: Sharon Chow Ci Yung; Lim Chong Min; Tony Tang Lee Lung; Wong Yeong Cherng; Tan Zi Cin
  • 31. P a g e | 31 Figure 1.4 Sukimye Hainan Kopitiam. Figure 1.5 Sukimye’s kitchen. Figure 1.6 Zi Cin and Sukimye’s owner FNBE JULY 2013 - ENGL 0205 English 2 Name of group members: Sharon Chow Ci Yung; Lim Chong Min; Tony Tang Lee Lung; Wong Yeong Cherng; Tan Zi Cin
  • 32. P a g e | 32 Figure 1.7 Kedai Kopi New Chiu Yuong. Figure 1.8 New Chiu Yuong’s kitchen. FNBE JULY 2013 - ENGL 0205 English 2 Name of group members: Sharon Chow Ci Yung; Lim Chong Min; Tony Tang Lee Lung; Wong Yeong Cherng; Tan Zi Cin
  • 33. P a g e | 33 References Arndorfer, T. & Hansen, K. (2006). The Complete Idiot’s Guide to Coffee& Tea. Alpha Books. United States of America: New York. Carstens, S.A. (2006). Histories, Cultures, Identities: Studies in Malaysian Chinese Worlds. NUS Publishing. Singapore. Knox, K. & Huffaker J.S. (1997) Coffee Basics: A Quick and Easy Guide. John Wiley & Sons Inc. United States of America: New York. Lim,I. (2013).The Revival of The Kopitiam Culture. Bfs Magazine. Retrieved November 26, 2013 from http://www.bfsmagazine.com.my/index.php?option=com_content&view=ar ticle&id=1802:the-revival-of-the-kopitiam-culture&catid=228:articles&Itemid=1524 Sumarjan, N., Mohd Zahari, M.S., Mohd Radzi S., Mohd Haradiah M.H., Saiful Bakhtiar M.F. , Zainal, A. (2013). Hospitality and Tourism: Synergizing Creativity and Innovation in Research. CRC Press. United Kingdom: London. Suryadinata, L. (2002). Ethnic Chinese in Singapore and Malaysia. Time Academic Press. Singapore. Suryadinata, L. (2007). Understanding the Ethic Chinese in Southeast Asia. ISEAS Publishing. Singapore Tan S.L. & Tay M. (2013. World Food: Malaysia & Singapore. Lonely Planet Publications. Australia: Victoria. Unknown. (2012). On Hainanese Cuisine, Or How Chicken Chops Became Comfort Food in Malaysia. EatingAsia. Retrieved November 26, 2013 from http://eatingasia.typepad.com/eatingasia/kopitiam/ Unknown. (2013). Mooncake Order Online. Chong Kok Kopitiam. Retrieved November 20, 2013 from http://chongkok.blogspot.com/ FNBE JULY 2013 - ENGL 0205 English 2 Name of group members: Sharon Chow Ci Yung; Lim Chong Min; Tony Tang Lee Lung; Wong Yeong Cherng; Tan Zi Cin
  • 34. P a g e | 34 FNBE JULY 2013 - ENGL 0205 English 2 Name of group members: Sharon Chow Ci Yung; Lim Chong Min; Tony Tang Lee Lung; Wong Yeong Cherng; Tan Zi Cin