Building Material: Caffe Bene

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Building Material: Caffe Bene

  1. 1. P a g e | 1 SCHOOL OF ARCHITECTURE, BUILDING AND DESIGN BACHELOR IN QUANTITY SURVEYING (HONOURS) MARCH INTAKE 2014 SEMESTER 1 BUILDING MATERIALS – BLD62003 GROUP ASSIGNMENT SITE RESEARCH REPORT LECTURER – PN. HASMANIRA MOKHTAR NAME STUDENT ID NO. SHARON CHOW CI YUNG 0313387 LEE QIAN YING 0313749 CECILIA TIE SING LU 0314050 STEPHANIE YEOH SZE WEI 0318954 SRI HARIVENDRAN GANESH A/L SRI GANESH 0319578
  2. 2. P a g e | 2 TABLE OF CONTENT NO. TITLE PG NO. 1 COVER PAGE 1 2 TABLE OF CONTENT 2 3 INTRODUCTION TO CAFFÉ BENE (SUBJECT OF STUDY) 3 4 EXISTING BUILDING MATERIALS - TIMBER (CEILING, WALL, KITCHEN & COUNTER) - FAUX BRICK (WALL) - HOMOGENEOUS MATTE FINISH CERAMIC TILE (DINING AREA & KITCHEN) - PLATE GLASS (EXTERIOR OF CAFFÉ BENE) 4~18 5 ALTERNATIVE FOR EXISITING BUILDING MATERIALS - PLATE GLASS (EXTERIOR) → SOLAR CONTROL GLASS - FAUX BRICK SIDING (COLUMN) & TIMBER CLADDING (WALL) → WALLPAPER - HOMOGENEOUS CERAMIC TILE (FLOOR OF DINING AREA) → VINYL TILE - MATTE FINISHED HOMOGENEOUS CERAMIC TILE (FLOOR OF THE KITCHEN) → RUBBER SHEET 19~29 6 REFERENCES 30~32
  3. 3. P a g e | 3 (1) INTRODUCTION TO CAFFÉ BENE (SUBJECT OF STUDY) FIGURE 1.1 Logo of Caffé Bene Source: http://caffebene.com.my/ The subject of study of our assignment is Caffé Bene. Caffé Bene is located at Lot OB 5.G.2, Oasis Boulevard, Sunway Pyramid Shopping Mall, 46150 Bandar Sunway, Selangor. It was originated from South Korea. The café has a great diversify of products ranges from coffee, Belgian waffle, Bingsu (Korean shaved ice) to Italian gelato. Apart from its quality food and drinks, one of Caffé Bene’s greatest features is its extraordinary interior space inspired by contemporary cottage elements. The café incorporates the use of multiple different types of building materials such as timber finishing, ceramic tiles, in order to achieve a harmony and relaxing atmosphere for its fellow customers. FIGURE 1.2 The Front View of Caffé Bene
  4. 4. P a g e | 4 (2) EXISTING BUILDING MATERIALS (2)(I) TIMBER (CEILING, WALL, KITCHEN & COUNTER) FIGURE 2.1.1 Various Types of Timber. Source: http://www.estore.huphengwoodworks.com.sg/wordpress/wp- content/uploads/2012/03/species.jpg FIGURE 2.1.2 Caffé Bene Uses Mainly Timber as Their Interior and Exterior Design
  5. 5. P a g e | 5 Timber is one of the most frequently used building materials. It is durable, flexible, and readily obtainable. It is an ideal material as it is easy to work with and needs only basic skills are needed. Timber is one of the few natural building materials. It is non-toxic so it is quite safe to handle. Furthermore, human beings have been building and constructing with timber for over thousands of years. Timber is renewable as long as it is being grown continually. Timber is also low in production energy. A small amount of energy is needed to transform the wood in trees to the timber used in building. Moreover, timber is a very good insulator. Insulation is essential in decreasing the amount of energy used to heat and operate a building. This natural insulator helps to reduce energy requirement specifically when it is used in windows, doors and floors. Timber is adaptable as it can be used in many different ways. It is easy to install and can be worked with simple tools because of its lightness. This reduces the energy needed for construction.
  6. 6. P a g e | 6 FIGURE 2.1.3 Red Meranti Used for the Wall Cladding of Caffé Bene Source: http://2.imimg.com/data2/LN/BX/MY-1538349/meranti-250x250.jpg FIGURE 2.1.4 Dark Red Meranti Used for the Kitchen& Counter of Caffé Bene Source: http://www.woodsourcing.com/species/woodsourcing.com-dark-red- meranti.jpg FIGURE 2.1.5 Yellow Meranti Used for the Ceiling of Caffé Bene Source: http://www.woodsolutions.com.au/dotAsset/68681248-266b-440a-adcb- 45b90684c79c.jpg
  7. 7. P a g e | 7 The type of timber used for the ceiling, wall, kitchen and counter of Caffé Bene is Meranti. There are a few types of Dark Red Meranti, Red Meranti and Yellow Meranti. The properties are the following: Common Names: Dark Red Meranti, Lauan, Philippine Mahogany Scientific Name: Shorea spp. Distribution: Southeast Asia Tree Size: 65-130 ft (20-40 m) tall, 3-6 ft (1-2 m) trunk diameter Average Dried Weight: 42 lbs/ft3 (675 kg/m3) Hardness: 800 lbf (3,570 N) Color/Appearance: Typically a dark reddish brown, or purplish brown: commonly with white resin streaks present. Grain/Texture: Has a coarse texture with medium to large pores. Grain is sometimes interlocked. Rot Resistance: Reported as moderately-durable to non-durable in regard to decay resistance, but is susceptible to insect attack. Workability: Typically easy to work, though any interlocked grain can present problems during planing, and Dark Red Meranti is reported to have very poor steam-bending properties. Some species may have a slight blunting effect on tools due to small levels of silica present in the wood. Glues, stains, and finishes well. Odor: No characteristic odor. Pricing/Availability: Meranti is widely harvested and available worldwide. It should be moderately priced despite the fact that it is imported. Common Uses: Plywood, interior furniture, general construction, concrete forms, veneer, and boatbuilding.
  8. 8. P a g e | 8 (2)(I)(A) CEILING & WALL FIGURE 2.2.1 The Application of Timber on the Ceiling of Caffé Bene FIGURE 2.2.2 The Wall Finishes of Timber in Caffé Bene
  9. 9. P a g e | 9 The application of timber in the café allows sound absorption and therefore the café will not be too noisy as the space is quite small. If timber was not use on the ceiling and wall finishes, the café will be very noisy and full of echo which will in return causing discomfort of the customers and therefore they will probably not return to the café and thus resulting the decrease in sales of the café. Timber is a source of good sound absorption because sound energy loss due to friction is lower because of the lightness and its structure. Timber is also widely used in the café because timber has good thermal properties. Material often changes in size and volume due to the increase or decrease in temperature. However, timber will not generally expand against heat. With the effect of heat, the timber will then dries out and thus obtain a gain in strength. Since the coefficient of the thermal conductivity of wood is very low, timber is then chosen as the material to be used on the ceiling of the café.
  10. 10. P a g e | 10 (2)(I)(B) KITCHEN & COUNTER FIGURE 2.2.3 The Timber Kitchen & Counter of Caffé Bene In Caffé Bene, timber is widely used material at kitchen and counter. The used of timber at kitchen provide most antibacterial surfaces. Timber is the most suitable material that can be installed in kitchen because it has superb sanity properties. Timber has the presence of naturally occurring anti-microbial substances. No other man-made material can offer this sanitary advantage. Besides that, the wood kitchen cabinets in Caffé Bene tend to be fairly durable, attractive and easy to clean. Timber also widely used in the counter of the café. Timber lends warm contrast to stone, metal and painted counter. This classic material provides beautiful pattern and lines. Beautiful and natural counter will attract more customers. It was because people will love to have outdoor and indoor furniture that made of nice wood. Timber furniture in counter will also make nice focal point and décor where people will look at.
  11. 11. P a g e | 11 (2)(II) FAUX BRICK (WALL) FIGURE 2.2.4 Faux Brick Siding Wall of Caffé Bene FIGURE 2.2.5 Example of Faux Siding Wall Source: http://howtobuildahouseblog.com/wp-content/uploads/2012/05/Interior- Brick-veneer-Wall.jpg
  12. 12. P a g e | 12 FIGURE 2.2.6 Different Colours and Textures of Faux Bricks Source: http://www.cheapfauxbrick.com/image/panels.jpg Faux brick siding is used for wall finished of Caffé Bene. Nowadays, faux bricks siding are relatively common compared to real brick siding. Faux brick is also known as face brick. From the appearance perspective, it is quite hard to differentiate faux brick and real brick. Both faux and real bricks have the same aesthetic values but they both have their own pros and cons, after all they are two different building materials. Faux bricks, unlike real bricks require little materials to install and it is much easier to install faux bricks compared to faux bricks as they are lighter thus labour costs incurred is relatively lesser. Real brick on the other hand requires a certain degree of experienced workers to install. Real bricks are much heavier than faux brick, therefore incurred more cost in transportation and labour costs. As a result, it is cheaper to choose faux bricks for aesthetic purposes compared to real bricks.
  13. 13. P a g e | 13 INSTALATION PROCESS OF FAUX BRICK 1. Measure the walls. 2. Cut the faux brick paneling. 3. Sand the edges of the faux brick paneling. 4. Use adhesive to put the paneling in place 5. Screw the paneling. 6. Caulk the screw holes.
  14. 14. P a g e | 14 (2)(III) HOMOGENEOUS MATTE FINISH CERAMIC TILE (DINING AREA & KITCHEN) FIGURE 2.3.1 Homogeneous Matte Finish Ceramic Tiles of the Dining Area in Caffé Bene. FIGURE 2.3.2 Homogeneous Matte Finish Ceramic Tiles of the Kitchen in Caffé Bene.
  15. 15. P a g e | 15 FIGURE 2.3.3 Example of Homogeneous Matte Finish Ceramic Tiles Source: http://www.myplace.sg/learn-more-about-the-different-types-of-tile- flooring/ Homogenous matte finish ceramic tiles are both used as the flooring finishing for the dining area and the kitchen of Caffé Bene. Although both areas if the café used the same type of ceramic tiles but the sizes of the tiles used are different. The size of ceramic tiles of the dining area is (6”x6”) while the size of ceramic tiles of the kitchen is (4”x8”).
  16. 16. P a g e | 16 (2)(III)(A) DINING AREA Homogeneous matte finish ceramic tiles are chosen as the finishes of dining area of the café because ceramic tiles are suitable for high traffic areas like the dining area. High traffic areas could collect dirt and dust easily. Floor finishing like ceramic tiles can be easily cleaned with just damp cloth. Besides that, homogenous matte finish ceramic tiles requires almost no maintenance, its only maintenance required is cleaning the surfaces when dirt and dust accumulates. Besides being easy to maintain, one of the biggest advantage of ceramic tiles as floor finishing is it comes in a variety of colours and textures. The dining area of Caffé Bene is where the customers sit down and enjoy their food and beverages, floor finishes with high aesthetic value is required. Beige colour (6”x6”) homogeneous matte finish ceramic tiles create a contemporary yet relaxing interior for the café. (2)(III)(B) KITCHEN Homogenous matte finish ceramic tiles are chosen as the finishes of kitchen of Caffé Bene because ceramic tiles are waterproof. It is important for places like kitchen to have waterproof flooring. Ceramic tiles do not corrode or rot when comes in contact with for a long period of time, thus if installed in a correct way, ceramic tiles can last for years and years. Moreover, ceramic tiles also have a high degree of durability. Ceramic tiles are resilient to staining and wear, thus suitable for places like kitchen. In addition, ceramic tiles are easy to clean, which is a plus for kitchen when hygiene is a major priority.
  17. 17. P a g e | 17 (2)(IV) PLATE GLASS (EXTERIOR OF CAFFÉ BENE) FIGURE 2.4.1 Plate Glass on the Exterior of Caffé Bene FIGURE 2.4.2 Example of Plate Glass Used for the Exterior of a Furniture Shop Source: https://arhaus.knowbase.com/kbhireweb/images/arhaus_storefront.jpg
  18. 18. P a g e | 18 FIGURE 2.4.3 Examples of Plate Glass Sheets Source: http://www.franklinartglass.com/shop/category.aspx/float-glass/325/ Plate glass is a kind of glass which is cast in a solid plate, usually over a roller process. The product is tremendously flat and free of distortions surface. Plate glass is widely applied in aquariums, glass floors, basketball backboards, safety glazing and commercial glazing for windows and doors. Plate glass is suitable for the exterior application as they are able withstand a certain degree of wind load. In addition, the plate glass allows light to penetrate it which provides natural lighting for the café during the day time, Thus, Caffé Bene uses plate glass for its exterior glazing.
  19. 19. P a g e | 19 (3) ALTERNATIVE FOR EXISITING BUILDING MATERIALS (3)(I) PLATE GLASS (EXTERIOR) → SOLAR CONTROL GLASS FIGURE 3.1.1 Plate Glass on the Exterior of Caffé Bene FIGURE 3.1.2 Example of Solar Control Glass Source: http://www.argostarz.com/the-reasons-of-choosing-solar-control-glass- for-home-or-building.html
  20. 20. P a g e | 20 FIGURE 3.1.3 Section of Solar Control Glass Source: http://www.glassforeurope.com/images/cont/116_6969_file.pdf ADVANTAGES OF SOLAR CONTROL GLASS OVER PLATE GLASS  Solar control glass is a high technology product that allows penetration of sunbeams through the window or façade while a huge amount of heat from the sun is being radiated and reflected away. Installation of solar control glass on the exterior part of Caffé Bene helps the interior space remains bright.  It also provides a cooler environment that makes the customers feel more comfortable while enjoying the food.  For raise the aesthetic value of the café, coloured or mirrored glass can be considered. The dual effects of special materials with invisible layers let the daylight in. At the mean time they repel the sun’s heat.  The elements of the solar control glass are usually double-glazed and also have good insulation.
  21. 21. P a g e | 21 (3)(II) FAUX BRICK SIDING (COLUMN) & TIMBER CLADDING (WALL) → WALLPAPER FIGURE 3.2.1 Wall Cladding of Caffé Bene FIGURE 3.2.2 Faux Brick Siding of Caffé Bene
  22. 22. P a g e | 22 FIGURE 3.2.3 Example of Wallpaper with Brick Patterns Source: http://www.pinterest.com/pin/216806169533417340/ FIGURE 3.2.4 & 3.2.5 Example of a Café with Wallpaper Finishes Source: http://sandoraz.com/wp-content/uploads/2012/11/Coffee-Shop-Interior- Design-Ideas-1.jpg
  23. 23. P a g e | 23 ADVANTAGES OF WALLPAPER OVER FAUX BRICK SIDDING AND TIMBER CLADDING  Faux brick siding and timber cladding are not durable and requires high maintenance. Wallpaper compared with these two building materials is more durable.  Unlike faux brick that requires special cleaning solutions that are made to clean faux bricks, wallpaper can be cleaned with water alone.  Apart from being easy to maintain, the cost of wallpaper is relatively cheaper compared to faux brick and timber.  Wallpaper comes in a great diversity of textures and colors that can be incorporated with Caffé Bene’s contemporary cottage inspired design.  Wallpaper is also easier to install compared to faux brick siding and timber cladding.
  24. 24. P a g e | 24 (3)(III) HOMOGENEOUS CERAMIC TILE (FLOOR OF DINING AREA) → VINYL TILE FIGURE 3.3.1 & 3.3.2 Homogeneous Ceramic Tile Installed in Caffé Bene
  25. 25. P a g e | 25 FIGURE 3.3.3 Different Colours and Textures of Vinyl Tiles Source: http://i00.i.aliimg.com/img/pb/695/549/710/710549695_848.jpg FIGURE 3.3.4 A Café with Vinyl Tile Flooring Source: http://1.bp.blogspot.com/- YzjHsPZZjhU/TiU3BIBNXZI/AAAAAAAAAeA/VgDkTQpaPrI/s480/100820-27.jpg
  26. 26. P a g e | 26 ADVANTAGES OF VINYL TILE OVER HOMOGENOUS CERAMIC TILE  Vinyl tile is widely known as the cheaper alternative of homogenous ceramic tile.  Though vinyl tile costs less than homogenous ceramic tile but it is comes in just as many colours as its costly counterpart to incorporate different designs.  Vinyl tiles on the other hand are easier and requires shorter time to install compared to ceramic tiles. It does not require skilled-workers to install vinyl tiles.  Vinyl tile’s surface is not as hard as and more comfortable to walk on compared to homogenous ceramic tiles, thus won’t cause muscle fatigue to those who stand on it for a long period of time.  Homogenous ceramic tile chips or crack when impacted but vinyl tile does not have this sort of issue.
  27. 27. P a g e | 27 (3)(IV) MATTE FINISHED HOMOGENEOUS CERAMIC TILE (FLOOR OF THE KITCHEN) → RUBBER SHEET FIGURE 3.4.1 Matte Finished Homogeneous Ceramic Tile Installed on the Floor of the Kitchen in Caffé Bene FIGURE 3.4.2 Rubber Flooring in Kitchen Source: http://www.spec-net.com.au/press/1012/dal_311012.htm
  28. 28. P a g e | 28 FIGURE 3.4.3 Different Colours and Textures of Rubber Flooring Source: http://www.lazeecarpets.com/images/rubber_floor_samples.jpg
  29. 29. P a g e | 29 ADVANTAGES OF RUBBER FLOORING OVER HOMOGENOUS CERAMIC TILE  Rubber flooring on the other hand is a significantly softer surface as compared to matte finished homogenous ceramic tiles. It is rather comfortable to stand on rubber flooring.  Ceramic tiles cracks when impacted by heavy loads while rubber flooring is crack resistant. It is necessary for kitchens to have crack resistant floor as some of the utensils in the kitchen are quite heavy.  The matte finished homogenous ceramic tiles are quite slippery white rubber flooring has excellent slip resistance which is essential as it can be dangerous for the employees may slip and fall if the floor is not slip- resistant.  Rubber flooring comes in as a variety of colours which makes it aesthetically as attractive as matte finished homogenousceramic tiles.
  30. 30. P a g e | 30 REFERENCES Armstrong. (2014). Alterna Luxury Vinyl Tile vs. Ceramic Tile Flooring. Retrieved on 5th May, 2014, from http://www.armstrong.com/flooring/why- choose-alterna.html Beach, E. (2014). Restaurant Flooring Option. Retrieved on 6th May, 2014, from http://www.ehow.com/way_5271822_restaurant-flooring- options.html Big How. (2014). The Disadvantages of Timber Cladding. Retrieved on 5th May, 2014, from http://bighow.net/2182665- The_Disadvantages_of_Timber_Cladding.html Blue Ridge Timberwrights. (2014). A History of Timber Framing. Retrieved on 6th May, 2014, from http://www.brtw.com/historyoftimberframing.php Doityourself. (2014). Real Vs. Faux Brick Siding: Pros and Cons. Retrieved on 6th May, 2014, from http://www.doityourself.com/stry/real-vs-faux-brick- siding-pros-and-cons#b Glass for Europe. (2008). Solar Control Glass for Greater Energy Efficiency [Brochure]. Retrieved on 6th May, 2014, from http://www.glassforeurope.com/images/cont/116_6969_file.pdf Guangdong Dongpeng Ceramic Co., Ltd. (2012). Tile Knowledge: Advantages & Disadvantages & Features of Ceramic Tiles. Retrieved on 6th May, 2014, from http://www.dongpeng.com/News/219.htm#.U5Ap2XI0Uyo
  31. 31. P a g e | 31 Homebuilder.com.au. (2012). Wallpaper Benefits. Retrieved on 6th May, 2014, from http://www.homebuilders.com.au/articles/wallpaper-benefits/ Home Flooring Center. (n.d.). Flooring Comparison Guide. Retrieved on 6th May, 2014, from http://www.myhomeflooringcenter.com/flooringcomparisons/cerami ctilecomparisons.htm Lezell, S. (2014). Wallpaper vs. Paint: The Benefits of Wallpaper. Retrieved on 6th May, 2014, from http://www.windowsandwalls.com/benefits -of- wallpaper/ McAdoo, T. (2014). Benefits of Rubber Flooring. Retrieved on 6th May, 2014, from http://www.flooring-professionals.com/benefits-of-rubber-flooring/ McMahon, M. (2014) What is Plate Glass? Retrieved on 6th May 2014, from http://www.wisegeek.com/what-is-plate-glass.htm O'Halloran, S. (2014). Top Ten Benefits of Ceramic Tile. Retrieved on 9th May, 2014, from http://www.doityourself.com/stry/ceramicdecorating#b Ozen, R. (2005). Wooden Houses of Anatolia: Wood as a Building Material; Its Benefits and Disadvantages. Retrieved on 6th May, 2014, from http://www.kultur.gov.tr/EN,35285/wood-as-a-building-material-its- benefits-and-disadvanta-.html Schneider, R. (2014). Ceramic Tiles vs. Vinyl Tiles. Retrieved on 6th May, 2014, from http://www.homeimprovementpages.com.au/article/ceramic_tiles_v s_vinyl_tiles
  32. 32. P a g e | 32 Tasmania Timber. (n.d.). The Benefits of Building with Timber. Retrieved on 9th May, 2014, from http://www.tastimber.tas.gov.au/SusArticle_View.aspx?articleid=71 Unknown. (n.d.) Heavy Float Glass. Retrieved on 6th May, 2014 from https://www.guardian.com/asiapacific/GuardianGlass/glassproducts /FlatGlass/HeavyFloatGlass/index.htm Unknown. (2014) Dark Red Meranti. Retrieved on 11th May, 2014 from http://www.wood-database.com/lumber- identification/hardwoods/dark-red-meranti/ Unknown. (2014) How to Install Daux Brick Paneling. Retrieved on 11th May, 2014 from http://www.doityourself.com/stry/how-to-install-faux-brick- paneling#b Warnick, C. (2013). Advantages of Installing Ceramic Tile. Retrieved on 9th May, 2014 http://www.overstock.com/guides/advantages-of-installing-ceramic-tile WoodSolutions. (2013). TimberFinishes:Interior. Retrieved on 5th May, 2014, from http://www.woodsolutions.com.au/Articles/Resources/Timber- Finishes-Interior

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