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The historical background that corresponds to J.K. Rowling is The Contemporary Age (also called Contemporary Era).
Contemporary Age is the name which is designates the historical period from the French Revolution to the present. Including a total of 220 years between 1789 and the present.
The events of this era have been marked by rapid transformations in the economy, society and technology that have earned the name of Industrial Revolution, while also destroying the pre-industrial society.
Even more spectacular were the political and ideological transformations (liberal revolution, nationalism, totalitarianism), mutations of the world political map and the major wars known for the humanity.
The science and the culture has entered in a period of extraordinary development and fecundity; whereas the art and the literature, have been submitted to the impact of the new mass media of masses, written and audio-visual.
Rowling was born on 31 July 1965 in the small British town of Chipping Sodbury, England . Her parents are Peter James Rowling, an engineer of the Rolls-Royce company and Anne Rowling, a Scottish woman with French roots .
When Rowling was four, after a brief stay in Yate, the family moved to Winterbourne (always without moving away from the suburbs of Bristol, environment in which there were forged the first memories of the imaginative girl). She attended St Michael's Primary School.
As a child, Rowling enjoyed writing fantasy stories, “certainly the first story I ever wrote down (when I was five or six) was about a rabbit called Rabbit” She said.
At the age of nine, Rowling and her family moved to the Gloucestershire village of Tutshill, close to Chepstow. Here, Joanne attended Tutshill's Primary School. Later she left Tutshill to get in to secondary school Wyedean School and College, she was interested in idioms.
Once graduated in Wyedean, Joanne enrolled in the University of Exeter, where following the paternal advice, she studied French with the intention of later find a job as a bilingual secretary.
With titles in French Language and Literature, she moved to the headquarters of Amnesty International in London.
After this short training period she started working as a secretary, but soon she discovered that the order and the routine was not going with her. Several frustrating experiences in different companies, coupled with the demise of his mother, led her to leave everything at her 26 years old, and to leave the country with the intention of teaching english abroad.
In Lisboa she enjoyed teaching english to portuguese students, and there she had quite enough time to write; her real vocation. There she met and fell in love with Jorge Arantes, (a Portuguese television journalist) with whom she married in October 1992, and a year later had a daughter who called Jessica. Despite the happy event, the marriage did not prosper and soon ended in divorce.
Mother of a little girl alone in a foreign country, in 1996, Joanne decided to return to United Kingdom and with the decision to set in the Scottish city of Edinburgh, near to her sister Dianne. She arrived with the intention to finish and publish a novel about a boy named Harry Potter, a child with magical powers, whose adventures had imagined quite a while back during an interminable train journey between Manchester and London.
The dogged French teacher spent many afternoons of his life writing « for herself » in a warm cafe next to a small apartment in which she lived with her daughter. Finally, the indefatigable novelist won a Scholarship from the Scottish Arts Council that enabled her to conclude, five years after it started, which at the time was the work of her life, Harry Potter and the Sorcerer’s Stone.
Harry Potter is a series of seven fantasy novels written by British author J. K. Rowling. The books chronicle the adventures of the adolescent wizard Harry Potter, together with Ron Weasley and Hermione Granger, his friends from the Hogwarts School of Witchcraft and Wizardry. The central story arc concerns Harry's struggle against the evil wizard Lord Voldemort, who killed Harry's parents in his quest to conquer the wizarding world and subjugate non-magical people to his rule.
(…) “Good luck Harry,” he murmured. He turned on his heel and with a swish of his cloak, he was gone.
A breeze ruffled the neat hedges of Privet Drive, which lay silent and tidy under the inky sky, the very last place you would expect astonishing things to happen. Harry Potter rolled over inside his blankets without waking up. One small hand closed on the letter beside him and he slept on, not knowing he was special, not knowing he was famous, not knowing he would be woken in a few hours' time by Mrs.Dursley's scream as she opened the front door to put out the milk bottles, nor that he would spend the next few weeks being prodded and pinched by his cousin Dudley... He couldn't know that at this very moment, people meeting in secret all over the country were holding up their glasses and saying in hushed voices: "To Harry Potter -- the boy who lived!"
Extract from Harry Potter and the Sorcerer’s Stone .