Assignment 4- Camera shots,camera angles, camera movement and composition. Level – Yellow Ingrid De Souza
Media key terms• Part A: Camera shots• Part B: Camera angles• Part C: Camera movement• Part D: Composition
Part A – Camera Shots• Establishing shot• Wide shot• Long Shot• Mid/medium shot• Close up shot• Extreme close up• POV (point of view)• Over the shoulder• Two shot• Aerial shot• Overhead shot
Establishing shotThe establishing shot establishes the setting ofthe scene. It is usually used at the beginning of ascene.
Wide shotThe wide shot can be different shots fromdifferent distance to show the people in theroom. E.G. If the characters are having a familydinner, a wide shot would be used to show thewhole family around the table.
Long shotA long shot is usually used for framing acharacter, an object by their whole body.
Mid/Medium shotThe mid/medium shot frames shots of acharacter from their waist and up. This shot isusually used to capture the characters dialogueand to show their facial expressions.
Close up shotA close up shot assemble a character or anobject of some particular part of their body orface. However, it’s mainly used to show facialexpressions and their emotions.
Extreme close up shotA extreme close up is a shot that is used tocapture part of the body or face to show detailto the audience. It is also used to show moredetail of the characters facial expression.
P.O.V (point of view)The POV shot demonstrates the character’sperspective. The camera has to be able toimitate how the human body moves, however italso depends where it’s placed.
Over the shoulder shotAn over the shoulder shot is a shot which isfilmed as if it’s from the back of a character’sshoulder.
Two shotTwo shot can be used to frame two characters inone scene. It can be used to demonstrate themcommunicating with each other.
Part B: Camera Angles• Low• High• Canted/Oblique
Low angleIt’s a angle from a lower place that looks up to acharacter. For example, finding treasure, and thecamera looks up at the characters making themsee more dominant on finding the treasure.
High angleA high angle is a shot taken from a higher placelooking down at the character. It’s often used tomake the character look weak and vulnerable.
Canted/ObliqueIt’s a camera angle that makes the shot seem tiltor skewed.
Part C: Camera movment• Pan• Tilt• Track• Zoom/Reverse zoom• Dolly• Crane• Stedicam• Vertigo
PanPan is when the camera moves horizontally fromleft to right or right to left. This is to show moredetail of the setting on the scene. Or it can alsobe used to establish the scene. The images above connotes the movements of a pan going horizontally, from left to right. http://www.youtube.com/
TiltThe tilt is opposite to the pan. It’s when acamera moves vertically from top to bottom orbottom to top. Its also to show more of thesetting, objects or characters. However, it’soften used to show the characters whole outfit. The images demonstrate the movement of tilt. http://www.youtube.com/w atch?v=qLggRPMWotM&fea ture=BFa&list=HL1354126
TrackThe movement of the camera from side to sidewithout moving to follow an object or thecharacter. ‘Track’ is more referred to rails inwhich a wheeled platform sits on in order tocarry out smooth movement. As it shows the images slowly connotes a track movement from left to right. http://www.youtube.co
ZoomZoom is when the camera features zoom goes intowards an object or character to reveal moreinformation. The images show the effect of the zoom onto a object.
Reverse zoomOpposite of zoom. Often called ‘zoomout’, when the camera zoom goes out awayfrom the object or character. This can be used toreveal more detail or the setting around them. The images connotes the reverse zoom which is the opposite of a zoom.
DollyDolly is when a camera moves in and out. Orbackwards and forwards on an object which islike a tripod with wheels. The images connotes the way a dolly movement. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=E4PUXBSaYZ o&list=HL1354126815&feature=mh_lolz
Composition• Balance - Symmetry (symmetric balance) - Asymmetry (asymmetric balance)• Rule of thirds• Depth of fields - Shallow focus - Deep focus - Focus pulls
Balance• Balance-Arranging a particular scene so it is even on both sides and nothing or nobody over powers. The ying yang symbol is a perfect example of symmetry.
Depth of field•Is distance of what is in focus and the nearestand farthest objects in a scene.
Shallow of focus•Where the camera is concentrating on onefocus of an object where the rest is out of focus. As you can see the bag gained the focus of the picture, and the rest was not on focus and seems blurry.
Deep focus•Where the entire image is in focus, meaningthe foreground, middle ground and backgroundare all involved. As you can see the image gained the whole focus, unlike the shallow focus, there isn’t anything blurred out since the entire image is
Symmetry (symmetric balance)•Where the shot is completely equal on bothsides, used to show organisation.
Asymmetry (asymmetric balance)•Where the shot is completely unequal on bothsides to represent chaos and disorder.
Rule of thirds•The rule states that the image should bedivided into nine equal parts, two equally-spaced horizontal and vertical lines.