Acid,base,and salt

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Acid,base,and salt

  1. 1. is a substance that releases a positively charged hydrogen ion, H, in water. Acid H+ + Negatif ion Acid divided by 2 :1. Organik Acid2. Anorganik Acid Characteristic of Acid : Possess Sour taste Characteristric of Corosive Redden litmus paper. Can react with metal. Produce Hydrogen
  2. 2.  Properties of Acids Acids are easily recognized by their sour taste. Citric acid makes lemons and limes taste sour. Vinegar is sour because it contains acetic acid. However, you should never test any material in the laboratory by tasting it. A way to test for acids is to use litmus paper. Litmus paper contains a compound that changes color in acids and bases. Acids turn blue litmus paper red.
  3. 3.  Table Acid which recognizably : Name Acid Be Found In 1. Carbonat Acid Carbonat drink 2. Sulphuric Acid Battery car,Fertilizer 3. Citric Acid Orange 4. Nitrate Acid Fertilizer, Explosive Table Element Acid and Chemistry Formula : Name Element Acid Chemistry Formula Carbonat Acid H2CO3 Sulphuric Acid H2SO4 Nitrate Acid HNO3
  4. 4.  A base is a substance that produces hydroxide ions when dissolved in water. The formula for a hydroxide ion is OH.Base Positif ion + OH Characteristic of Acid : Possess Bitter taste Slippery Blueing litmus paper Can spoil skin
  5. 5.  Properties of Bases Like acids, bases have a common set of properties. In aqueous solutions, they feel slippery on your skin. You experience this when you use soap, which contains a base. If you have ever gotten soap in your mouth, you know how bitter it tastes. A bitter taste is another physical property of bases. Solutions of bases cause red litmus paper to turn blue. Like solutions of acids, solutions of bases contain ions, so they are electrolytes. Bases neutralize acids by forming salts and water.
  6. 6.  Table Base which recognizably :Name Base Be Found In Chemistry Formula1. Aluminium Hydroksida Deodorant,Antasid KOH2. Calcium Hydroksida Mortar,Plaster NaOH3. Magnesium Hydroksida Antasid Al(OH)34. Natrium Hydroksida Matterb soap Mg(OH)2
  7. 7.  Saltconstitute chemical substances that usually the shape solid crystal and shaped by means of react netralisation between element acid and element base. React between acid and base are react neutralization.Acid + Base Salt + WaterFor Example : HCI + NaOH NaCI + H2O
  8. 8.  Besides produce from react between acid and base.Salt also could produce from reaction others,namely :1. Base + Oxide Acid Salt + Water2. Acid + Oxide Base Salt + Water3. Oxide Acid + Oxide Base Salt4. Metal + Acid Salt + Hydrogen Some Example Salt and Purpose : Name Salt Formula Purpose NaCI Nitrogen Cloride Kitchen Salt KNO3 Calium Nitrate Matter Fertilizer NaF Natrium Fluoride Toothpaste CaSO4 Calcium Sulphuric Matter Gypsum
  9. 9. is a substance that releases a positively charged hydrogen ion, H, in water. Acid H+ + Negatif ion A base is a substance that produces hydroxide ions when dissolved in water. The formula for a hydroxide ion is OH.Base Positif ion + OH
  10. 10.  Salt constitute chemical substances that usually the shape solid crystal and shaped by means of react netralisation between element acid and element base. React between acid and base are react neutralization.Acid + Base Salt + Water
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