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  • 1. ROMANIA
  • 2. The name of Romania (România) comes from Român (Romanian) which is a derivative of the word Romanus (“Roman") from Latin.
  • 3. Brief Historical Overview ● Originally a Roman province, the area was conquered from the 3rd to the 12th century by a succession of invaders, including Goths, Huns, Magyars, and Mongols. ● Romania is an Eastern Orthodox country. ● In the 13th century two principalities, Moldavia and Walachia, emerged, becoming vassal states within the Turkish Empire and eventually Russian protectorates. They were united in 1861. Romania becomes fully independent in 1878 and in 1881 it becomes the Kingdom of Romania. ● After the defeat of Austria-Hungary in World War I, the region of Transilvania is added to Romania, as is the Russian region of Basarabia. Romania becomes a parliamentary democracy. The rise of fascism in the 1930s led to the overthrow of the monarchy and the establishment of a dictatorship in 1940. ● Following Romania's surrender to the USSR during World War II, the country was declared (1947) a communist republic, which was overthrown in 1989 with army-supported countrywide revolts. ● During December, 1989, the Revolution that successfully overthrew Communism took place. The country held its first democratic elections in 1990 and adopted a new constitution in 1991. In spring 2004, Romania joined NATO. Romania’s present main goal is its accession to the European Union (EU).
  • 4. Holydays and Traditions Traditional Christmas Greeting: "Sarbatori Fericite“ (Happy Holiday!) Capra The “Goat” is actually a usually boisterous young person dressed up in a goat costume The whole group dances through the streets and from door to door, often with flute music. The leader carries a large wooden star called "steaua“ (the star), which is covered with shiny paper and decorated with bells and colored ribbon.
  • 5. Holydays and Traditions A picture of the Holy Family is pasted in the star's center, and the entire creation is attached to a broomstick or stout pole.
  • 6. Holydays and Traditions Plugusorul is a small plough. In Romanian folklore is a traditional procession with a decorated plough, on New Years' Eve
  • 7. Holydays and Traditions EASTER Easter is the most important event in the Orthodox Christian calendar. • Traditionally, celebrations in Romania begin on the Saturday evening. Dressed in all their finest clothes and holding candles, people gather round the churches. At the Easter Resurrection Mass (Slujba de Inviere) just before midnight, the priest comes out to give a blessing, distribute holy bread and provide the flame from which everyone will light their candles. Suddenly the darkness is lit up and thousands of candles take to the streets.
  • 8. EASTER Everyone tries to keep the flame alive until they arrive home. There, around the table, thefamily comes together for a special Easter meal. Roast lamb and home-made cozonac (sponge cake with nuts and poppy seeds) are the traditional dishes. The craftsmanship of dyeing the eggs at Easter is an ancient tradition with Romanians. The belief that eggs represent the source of life led to the relation of eggs to the rites of the revival of nature, and eventually Easter. Romanians traditionally painted Easter eggs red and they decorated them ornately.
  • 9. National Day The National Day of Romania or Union Day (Ziua Unirii) occurring on December 1, is the national holyday of Romania. This holiday was set after the 1989 Romanian Revolution and it marks the 1918 unification of the Romanian Kingdom with Transilvania, Basarabia, Bucovina. • Folk Costumes – old peasants house
  • 10. Folk Costumes old peasants house
  • 11. Travel Tips : Romania's Attractions Bucharest Romania's capital and one of the most chaotic cities in the world, Bucharest was a beauty in the 30's
  • 12. Travel Tips : Romania's Attractions Brasov is a medieval town established by the Saxons. It is surrounded by mountains and it's one of the most visited places in Romania.
  • 13. Travel Tips : Romania's Attractions Sighisoara is one of the world's best preserved medieval towns.
  • 14. Travel Tips : Romania's Attractions Constanta Romania's second largest city; the oldest Romanian city.
  • 15. Romania's Attractions Black Sea Cost A bit more than 250 km long, the Romanian Black sea coast starts at the Danube's Chilia brace and ends at Vama Veche, near the Bulgarian border. • The Carpathians Mountains offer skiing opportunities (some of the cheapest in Europe • Delta Danube • Monasteries Bucovina‘s painted monasteries are considered to be a world heritage and they are one of the most impressive works of art.
  • 16. Food & Wine The main ingredients used by Romanian chefs are meats such as pork, beef and lamb, fish, vegetables, dairy products and fruit. A traditional Romanian meal may include: Appetizer All kinds of cheeses, cold cuts and vegetable spreads. Soup • Ciorba de perisoare (meatball soup), ciorba taraneasca (vegetable soup, with or without meat), ciorba de burta (tripe soup). Fish Saramura (grilled carp in brine), nisetru la gratar (grilled Black Sea sturgeon) or scrumbie la gratar (grilled herring).
  • 17. Food & Wine Tocanita or tochitura (meat stew seasoned with onions and/ or spices), ghiveci (over 20 vegetables cooked in oil), sarmale (pickled cabbage leaves stuffed with a mix of minced meats, rice and spices) and mititei (The "Wee Ones" - small skinless grilled sausages) are among the favorites. • Dessert Papanasi (cottage cheese donuts, topped with sour cream and fruit preserve), clatite cu branza (crepes filled with cottage cheese, raisins and spices) and cozonac (traditional holiday sweet bread filled with walnuts, poppy seeds or cream cheese). A traditional drink enjoyed with appetizers is tuica (a potent plum brandy) which varies in strength, dryness and bouquet according to the production area. Entree
  • 18. Language Here are some useful phrases. • Good morning Buna dimineata! • Good afternoon Buna ziua! • Hello Salut! Buna! • Thank you Multumesc! • Goodbye La revedere! • Excuse me/I'm sorry Imi pare rau/ Scuza-ma! • Yes Da