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Smart Devices: Today, Tommorrow and Beyond
Smart Devices: Today, Tommorrow and Beyond
Smart Devices: Today, Tommorrow and Beyond
Smart Devices: Today, Tommorrow and Beyond
Smart Devices: Today, Tommorrow and Beyond
Smart Devices: Today, Tommorrow and Beyond
Smart Devices: Today, Tommorrow and Beyond
Smart Devices: Today, Tommorrow and Beyond
Smart Devices: Today, Tommorrow and Beyond
Smart Devices: Today, Tommorrow and Beyond
Smart Devices: Today, Tommorrow and Beyond
Smart Devices: Today, Tommorrow and Beyond
Smart Devices: Today, Tommorrow and Beyond
Smart Devices: Today, Tommorrow and Beyond
Smart Devices: Today, Tommorrow and Beyond
Smart Devices: Today, Tommorrow and Beyond
Smart Devices: Today, Tommorrow and Beyond
Smart Devices: Today, Tommorrow and Beyond
Smart Devices: Today, Tommorrow and Beyond
Smart Devices: Today, Tommorrow and Beyond
Smart Devices: Today, Tommorrow and Beyond
Smart Devices: Today, Tommorrow and Beyond
Smart Devices: Today, Tommorrow and Beyond
Smart Devices: Today, Tommorrow and Beyond
Smart Devices: Today, Tommorrow and Beyond
Smart Devices: Today, Tommorrow and Beyond
Smart Devices: Today, Tommorrow and Beyond
Smart Devices: Today, Tommorrow and Beyond
Smart Devices: Today, Tommorrow and Beyond
Smart Devices: Today, Tommorrow and Beyond
Smart Devices: Today, Tommorrow and Beyond
Smart Devices: Today, Tommorrow and Beyond
Smart Devices: Today, Tommorrow and Beyond
Smart Devices: Today, Tommorrow and Beyond
Smart Devices: Today, Tommorrow and Beyond
Smart Devices: Today, Tommorrow and Beyond
Smart Devices: Today, Tommorrow and Beyond
Smart Devices: Today, Tommorrow and Beyond
Smart Devices: Today, Tommorrow and Beyond
Smart Devices: Today, Tommorrow and Beyond
Smart Devices: Today, Tommorrow and Beyond
Smart Devices: Today, Tommorrow and Beyond
Smart Devices: Today, Tommorrow and Beyond
Smart Devices: Today, Tommorrow and Beyond
Smart Devices: Today, Tommorrow and Beyond
Smart Devices: Today, Tommorrow and Beyond
Smart Devices: Today, Tommorrow and Beyond
Smart Devices: Today, Tommorrow and Beyond
Smart Devices: Today, Tommorrow and Beyond
Smart Devices: Today, Tommorrow and Beyond
Smart Devices: Today, Tommorrow and Beyond
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Smart Devices: Today, Tommorrow and Beyond

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Mobile smart devices are omnipresent and are gaining more importance than the traditional PC as standard equipment for private computer users. This changed our everyday life a lot. Future developments …

Mobile smart devices are omnipresent and are gaining more importance than the traditional PC as standard equipment for private computer users. This changed our everyday life a lot. Future developments of mobile devices show the potential to turn interaction principles and usage scenarios upside down. Let us peak behind the curtain of the labs and reveal future technology trends and their implications.

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  • 1. 6. Dezember 2012 Slide 1 Smart Devices: Today, Tomorrow, and Beyond Dr. Klaus Alfert
  • 2. cell phone usage is ubiquitous
  • 3. Source: http://gs.statcounter.com/#mobile_vs_desktop-ww-monthly-200812-201210 Mobile web access is growing, yet desktops are still the big majority. 0% 10% 20% 30% 40% 50% 60% 70% 80% 90% 100% Desktop Mobile
  • 4. Tablets and Smartphones Sales outperform Notebooks and Desktop PCs Number of Units Sold Wordwide (in percent) 0% 20% 40% 60% 80% 100% 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 Tablets Smartphones Notebook Desktop Source: Jan. 2012: Katy uberly, Ehud Gelblum, Morgan Stanley Research
  • 5. Will smart devices stay here?
  • 6. © Zühlke 2012 It is a culture issue of privacy and comfort Early Phones • At building entrance • On the floor • In the kitchen or living room In the Sixties • The long cable appears: make a call from your room! Smart Devices: Today, Tomorrow, and Beyond | Dr. Klaus Alfert 6. Dezember 2012 Slide 6
  • 7. © Zühlke 2012 The Big Failure: 1 bill $ loss The ATT Picture Phone (1970) • Too expensive • Too few users • Too early And you lose both: comfort and privacy Smart Devices: Today, Tomorrow, and Beyond | Dr. Klaus Alfert 6. Dezember 2012 Slide 7 Source: http://www.labguysworld.com/MyPicturephone_013.jpg
  • 8. Tablets give you both: comfort and privacy
  • 9. Processing Technology Welcome to the Jungle (Herb Sutter) http://hdwallpaper.freehdw.com/0002/nature-landscapes_hdwallpaper_waterfall-in-the-jungle_17963.jpg
  • 10. © Zühlke 2012 … but frequencies reach a saturation Desktop processores stay for 10 years between 2-3 GHz • Exceptions are very expensive mainframe processors • Power consumption and heat are severe problems in chip design Smart Devices: Today, Tomorrow, and Beyond | Dr. Klaus Alfert Source: Herb Sutter, http://www.gotw.ca/publications/concurrency-ddj.htm 6. Dezember 2012 Slide 11
  • 11. © Zühlke 2012 What do chip designers do? Making Use of Increased Chip Size • Many core systems • Big caches Problems • The need for parallel programming to use the many cores effectively Smart Devices: Today, Tomorrow, and Beyond | Dr. Klaus Alfert Homogenous multi cores 6. Dezember 2012 Slide 12
  • 12. Intel Core 2 Quad, 2007, 2 Cores x 2 Threads
  • 13. Intel i7 »Nehalem« 2008, 4 Cores × 2 Threads
  • 14. Intel i7 »Ivy Bridge«, 2011, 4 Cores, GPU
  • 15. Intel Xeon Phi, 2012, 60 Cores, 1TFlop, 1 GHz
  • 16. NVIDIA Tesla Kepler GK110, 2496 Cores, 1.1TFlop, 1.1GHz
  • 17. © Zühlke 2012 Future Developments: in 5-10 years relevant Laser LEDs for communication between cores • Not significantly faster (electrons are already at 70% of the speed of light) • but without leakage currents and parasitic capacities  less energy loss • Higher bandwidth, less interference Nano-Tubes • Faster switching • Reduced leaking energy Perhaps: Quantum Computing Smart Devices: Today, Tomorrow, and Beyond | Dr. Klaus Alfert 6. Dezember 2012 Slide 18
  • 18. © Zühlke 2012 Processors for smart devices are different Designed for low power • Reduced frequencies • Reduced instruction sets (no fpu, no memory mgmt) System-on-Chip (SoC) approaches • Add periphery controllers • Add additional processing units: DSP, GPU Special Purpose Processors • Apple’s A4 to A6 are designed for iPhone and iPad exclusively • ARM processors at the core, but with custom enrichments Smart Devices: Today, Tomorrow, and Beyond | Dr. Klaus Alfert Heterogenous Multi Cores 6. Dezember 2012 Slide 19
  • 19. Apple A6 for iPhone 5, 2012, Dual Core, 1.3 GHz
  • 20. NVIDIA Tegra 3, 2012, Quadcore, 1.4 GHz
  • 21. For many users, mobile processors are strong enough, so why bother with cables?
  • 22. © Zühlke 2012 Notebooks are already legacy devices … and have too many cables… Getting rid of cables! • Wifi instead of LAN cables • With UMTS you can leave the office space • Bluetooth for headsets • Inductive charging • NFC for paying, authentication, … Smart Devices: Today, Tomorrow, and Beyond | Dr. Klaus Alfert 6. Dezember 2012 Slide 23 Source: http://press.nokia.com/wp-content/uploads/mediaplugin/photo/reso/700-nokia-wireless-charging-pillow-by-fatboy-with-nokia-lumia-920.jpg
  • 23. Sensors
  • 24. © Zühlke 2012 From Low Power to No Power: Smart Sensors No Power design • Special processor design • Get power from environment when needed • Allows for myriads of sensors NFC: uses induction for energy transfer Energy harvesting • Piezo device use mechanical energy to create electrical power • Use temperature differences Smart Devices: Today, Tomorrow, and Beyond | Dr. Klaus Alfert 6. Dezember 2012 Slide 25 Source: http://www.houseofjapan.com/images/thumbnails/images/2012/07/TDKAnnouncesIndustrysThinnestPowerreceivingCoilforSmartphones-620x350.jpg
  • 25. © Zühlke 2012 Smart Sensors give Smart Devices new roles Smart Devices become • Multiprotocol Communication Hubs • Universal Displays • User Controls Smart Sensors in fixed locations give even more location awareness to Smart Devices • NFC is just the beginning Smart Devices: Today, Tomorrow, and Beyond | Dr. Klaus Alfert 6. Dezember 2012 Slide 26 http://www-static.se-mc.com/blogs.dir/0/files/2012/01/smarttags-main-image-620x440.png
  • 26. © Zühlke 20126. Dezember 2012Smart Devices: Today, Tomorrow, and Beyond | Dr. Klaus Alfert Slide 27 Examples for new Use-Cases: NFC with active Components • Dynamic Access Control – Hotel Room – Office Buildings • Reading and Buffering of Data – Detailed Error- and Operation Logs of printers, cars, heating – Meter Readings • Execution of Transactions – Payment – E-Coupons Passive Tag Active Element
  • 27. 6. Dezember 2012Smart Devices: Today, Tomorrow, and Beyond | Dr. Klaus Alfert Slide 28 Using Smart Devices What to do with all that cool Hardware?
  • 28. © Zühlke 2012 General Architecture Smart Devices: Today, Tomorrow, and Beyond | Dr. Klaus Alfert 6. Dezember 2012 Slide 29
  • 29. © Zühlke 2012 1 Architecture Tradeoffs Smart Devices: Today, Tomorrow, and Beyond | Dr. Klaus Alfert Amount of Data & Processing Power Self-Contained, Disconnectedness Low Power Where is the sweet spot for your app? 6. Dezember 2012 Slide 30
  • 30. © Zühlke 2012 Design Approaches Google Maps • Local Display of Bitmaps, all intelligence in the cloud SIRI Design • Local Preprocessing, Compressed Transmission, Cloud for real processing Context-aware add-on • Add local information on top of Maps, … Enable Offline/Disconnected Usage • Basic information locally available, value added service via cloud Smart Devices: Today, Tomorrow, and Beyond | Dr. Klaus Alfert 6. Dezember 2012 Slide 31
  • 31. © Zühlke 2012 More than one device The Architecture get’s complex Smart Devices: Today, Tomorrow, and Beyond | Dr. Klaus Alfert 6. Dezember 2012 Slide 32
  • 32. © Zühlke 2012 Synchronization should simply work Synchronization of several devices • Via the cloud • Directly, e.g. phone controls TV • All of them The Change in the Mindset: • An eBook becomes a service to provide more value Smart Devices: Today, Tomorrow, and Beyond | Dr. Klaus Alfert What is the added value for the user? 6. Dezember 2012 Slide 33
  • 33. Convergence http://en.memory-alpha.org/wiki/Star_Trek:_Insurrection
  • 34. What to do after inventing the iPod? Tony Fadell Source: http://nest.com
  • 35. The thermostat for the smartphone generation Source: http://nest.com, http://9.mshcdn.com/wp-content/gallery/nest-v2-0/Nest%20iPhone%20App.jpg
  • 36. Smart Devices as standard UI for all devices
  • 37. Augmented Reality @ Smithsonian http://blogs.smithsonianmag.com/ideas/2012/08/augmented-reality-livens-up-museums/
  • 38. https://itunes.apple.com/us/app/mercedes-benz-mbrace/id335276900?mt=8 Control your car with your iPhone
  • 39. Use your Smart Device as Navigation System Source: http://www.imaedia.de/automotive/praxistest-opel-adam-infotainment-navigation-bringgo-app-infinity-sound-interview-video/
  • 40. Everything is a display for my Smart Device. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Z8EZCPbykfQ
  • 41. Screens in Wall-Size http://www.techfresh.net/panasonic-life-wall/
  • 42. © Zühlke 2012 Smart Devices become invisible Smart Devices will be incorporated in • Glasses • Earphones • Clothes • <your invention goes here> This will change all aspects of user experience with Smart Devices! • Increased importance of speech input and output! Smart Devices: Today, Tomorrow, and Beyond | Dr. Klaus Alfert 6. Dezember 2012 https://plus.google.com/+projectglass/posts Slide 43
  • 43. © Zühlke 2012 Convergence The User Paradox Smart Devices as electronic documents • All documents can be shared between systems • But sometimes one simply wants to take a document in each hand  This is how humans work and think: The body is an important concept for humans! Smart Devices: Today, Tomorrow, and Beyond | Dr. Klaus Alfert 6. Dezember 2012 Slide 44 http://en.memory-alpha.org/wiki/Star_Trek:_Insurrection
  • 44. © Zühlke 2012 Smart Devices: Today, Tomorrow, and Beyond Dr. Klaus Alfert Making Use Of Cameras Gesture Recognition http://www.bitrebels.com/technology/kinect-hack-minority-report-user-interface-duplicated/
  • 45. The Kinect-Prototype to control an app via gestures only
  • 46. Courtesy of Microsoft & GestSure
  • 47. Concluding Remarks
  • 48. We have some cool technologies. We can envision some standard architectures.
  • 49. fit to the culture (changing over time!) are at the right time fit to psychological disposition fit to the task context (specific contexts may need different solutions) solve a real need of the customer adds value for the customer But what we need are new applications that …
  • 50. Dr. Klaus Alfert Email: klaus.alfert@zuehlke.com http://xing.to/alfert http://de.linkedin.com/pub/klaus-alfert/87/9b1/93a

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