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Service-Oriented Architectures and Web Services
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Service-Oriented Architectures and Web Services



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  • 1.
    • AND
  • 2. Agenda
    • Introduction to SOA
    • Why SOA
    • Architecture
    • Web Services
    • Standards
    • Conclusion
  • 3. SOA Definition
    • It is an IT approach in which applications make use of services available in a network
    • It involves developing applications that use services and making applications available as services.
    • Loose coupling between participating software agents.
  • 4. Services
    • A service provides a specific function,
      • typically a business function,
      • such as analyzing an individual's credit history
    • A service can provide a single discrete function
    • It can perform a set of related business functions,
    • Services that perform a related set of business functions, as opposed to a single function, - "coarse grained."
    • Multiple services can be used together in a coordinated way.
    • The aggregated, or composite, service can be used to satisfy a more complex business requirement.
  • 5. Service Oriented Architecture
  • 6. Why SOA
    • Primary Benefits
      • Reusability
      • Interoperability
      • Scalability
      • Flexibility
      • Cost Efficiency
  • 7. Web Services
    • The web services approach is based on a set of standards that are widely accepted and used.
    • This makes it possible for clients and services to communicate and understand each other across a wide variety of platforms and across language boundaries.
  • 8. Types of Web Services
    • External – the request and the service belong to two different companies
      • Risk of Security
    • Internal – the request and service are in the same company.
  • 9. Web Services Standards
    • XML
    • SOAP
    • WSDL
    • UDDI and ebXML
    • WS-Security
    • WS-BPEL
  • 10. XML
    • XML has become the de facto standard for describing data to be exchanged on the Web.
    • As it's name indicates, XML is a markup language.
    • It involves the use of tags that "mark up" the contents of a document, and in doing so, describe the contents of a document.
    • An XML tag identifies information in a document, and also identifies the structure of the information.
  • 11. XML - Example
    • <bookshelf>    
    • <book>       
    • <title>My Life and times</title>      
    • <author>Felix Harrison</author>     
    • <price>39.95</price>
    • </book>
    • </bookshelf>
  • 12. SOAP
    • SOAP - Simple Object Access Protocol
    • SOAP is an XML-based protocol for exchanging information in a distributed environment.
    • SOAP provides a common message format for exchanging data between clients and services.
    • The basic item of transmission - is a SOAP message, which consists of a mandatory SOAP envelope, an optional SOAP header, and a mandatory SOAP body
  • 13. SOAP
  • 14. WSDL
    • WSDL – Web Service Description Language.
    • A WSDL document contains information specified in Web Service Description Language, as defined in the WSDL specification.
    • WSDL defines an XML schema for describing a web service.
    • To uncover the description for a Web service, a client needs to find the service's WSDL document.
  • 15. UDDI
    • The Universal Description, Discovery, and Integration (UDDI) specifications define how to publish and discover information about services in a UDDI-conforming registry.
    • More specifically, the specifications define a UDDI schema and a UDDI API.
    • The UDDI schema identifies the types of XML data structures that comprise an entry in the registry for a service.
    • UDDI registry - &quot;Yellow Pages&quot; for web services.
  • 16. WS-Security
    • It describes security-related enhancements to SOAP messaging that provide for message integrity and confidentiality.
    • WS-Security uses security tokens to enable SOAP message security and integrity.
    • Provides a general-purpose mechanism for associating security tokens with messages, and describes how to encode binary security tokens.
    • WS-Security is flexible and can be used with a wide variety of security models and encryption technologies, such as Public-key infrastructure (PKI) and Kerberos, as well as the SSL and TLS
  • 17. WS-BPEL
    • WS-BPEL is (Web Services Business Process Execution Language) , also identified as BPELWS, BPEL4WS, or simply BPEL
    • An XML-based language that is used to coordinate web services across a single business process.
    • It uses WSDL to describe the web services that participate in a process and how the services interact
  • 18. Prior Service-Oriented Architecture specifications
    • DCOM is the acronym for the Distributed Component Object Model
    • CORBA - is the acronym for Common Object Request Broker Architecture
  • 19. DCOM
    • An extension of the Component Object Model (COM).
    • Introduced in 1996
    • Designed for use across multiple network transports, including Internet protocols such as HTTP.
    • DCOM is based on the Open Software Foundation's DCE-RPC spec.
  • 20. CORBA
    • CORBA - acronym for Common Object Request Broker Architecture.
    • It was developed under the auspices of the Object Management Group (OMG). It is middleware.
    • The first service-oriented architecture for many people in the past was with the use of Object Request Brokers (ORBs) based on the CORBA specification.
    • The CORBA specification is responsible for really increasing the awareness of service-oriented architectures. 
  • 21. Applications
    • FlightTracker is a good example; it can be integrated into management and refund systems for tracking frequent business trips
    • GetEarthLocation (06/15/2001), developed by a Solar Resource Institute, offers services to industries that use solar panels and helps them determine when energy generation is optimal.
  • 22. Conclusion
    • SOA is a way of sharing functions in a widespread and flexible way.
    • Web services makes it possible for clients and services to communicate and understand each other.
  • 23.
    • Questions ?