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Joint Information Systems Committee (JISC)
INVITATION TO TENDER
Synthesis and Evaluation of Reference Models
1. This invitation to tender invites proposals to undertake, on behalf of the Joint Information
Systems Committee (JISC), a summary, review and evaluation of six Reference Model projects
funded through the Distributed e-Learning Programme.
2. Funding of between £30,000 and £40,000 is available for this work (including VAT, overheads
and related travel and subsistence).
3. The deadline for proposals is 12 noon on Monday 19th March 2007. The survey is expected to
take six months to complete. The successful bidder should expect to commence work by 1st May
2007 at the latest and complete work by 31st October 2007.
4. The Joint Information Systems Committee (JISC (http://www.jisc.ac.uk)) supports further and
higher education by providing strategic guidance, advice and opportunities to use Information
and Communications Technology to support teaching, learning, research and administration.
JISC is funded by all the UK post-16 and higher education funding councils.
5. A key technical approach adopted by JISC to realise its strategic goals has been to fund
activity in the further and higher education sector around the concept of service-oriented
6. Service-oriented architecture is an approach to factoring software functionality in to discrete
services. The individual services can then be combined and reused in flexible ways to meet
the diverse and constantly changing requirements of educational institutions. In 2004 a paper
by Rehak, Wilson Blinco articulated how the benefits of web services within a service-oriented
architecture would be applied to the requirements of learning in higher education.
7. Initially work by JISC in the area of service-oriented architecture was managed through the e-
Learning Framework programme which began in 2003. However, by 2005 it was clear that the
initial conception of an e-Learning Framework managed by JISC was restricting in
geographical reach, in organizational structure and in domain scope.
8. The e-Learning Framework was geographically enlarged to include international partners and
a new organizational and governance structure was added. Scope was similarly expanded
into the domains of academic administration (e-Admin) and research (e-Science). The new
approach dropped the label of e-Learning Framework, was re-branded as the e-Framework
and internationalised as a joint activity between the UK JISC and the Australian Department
for Education, Science and Training (DEST).
9. As technical work on the e-Framework progressed, it became clear that attention needed to
be focussed to bridge the gap between the underlying technical services and the world of
users: to articulate both the machine context and the human context. In 2004 JISC Circular
10/04 called for the specification of Reference Models to address this need.
10. Following response to the circular, six projects were funded for a period of about 18 months to
explore ways of bridging this gap between web service provision and the world of user
requirements. Recent work within the e-Framework was exploring the concept of Service
Usage Models (SUMs). SUMs articulate the way in which services are combined to perform a
specific function, which in turn may be used to meet a particular user requirement.
11. Following the conclusion of the six reference model projects it was decided to fund further
work that drew on the project outputs and the evolving understanding of SUMs. This new work
is being funded through JISC Circular 4/06: Capital Programme and the term “Reference
Models” as a label for the approach has been broken down into the more appropriate “Domain
Maps”, “Practices”, “Process Models” and “Service Usage Models”.
12. The intention of this invitation to tender is to (a) collate the exisiting work, (b) generate in a
coherent, accessible whole that can be used to provide materials for dissemination to the
wider community, a synthesis and evaluation of the work on Reference Model projects, (c)
from the projects extract any SUMs that can be contributed to the e-Framework and (d) use
that synthesis and evaluation to inform future JISC activity in service-oriented architectures
generally and Domain Maps work in particular.
Terms of Reference
13. It is expected that the work undertaken with the funding will fall into four phases:
o Phase 1: a review, collation and preservation of existing work;
o Phase 2: a synthesis of the work into a coherent and accessible whole;
o Phase 3: contribution of approved Services and Service Usage Models to the e-
o Phase 4: identification of key outcomes and recommendations.
In more detail:
14. Phase 1: Collate and Preserve
o Collate and record approaches/outputs from the six Reference Model projects work on
bridging the gap between technical and human perspectives.
o Collation at the technical level will involve comparing/contrasting the different technical
approaches used and identifying common services, workflows and SUMs.
o Collation at the human level will involve comparing/contrasting the methodologies used for
scenarios and case studies.
o Collation at the tool level will involve identifying the tools used, and more importantly
developed by the projects.
o Collation will also involve preservation. Currently, the outputs of the six reference model
projects are dispersed over a number of institutional websites and archives. The collation
phase will ensure that project outputs are maintained with a high degree of preservation
through, for example, using CD-ROM or a section of the JISC website.
15. Phase 2: Synthesis and Ease of Access
o Synthesize the work into a coherent accessible whole.
o Analysis of the approaches, methods and tools in relation to what they were used for and
where (domains, practices, processes, services) they were applied.
o Synthesise the connections identified in each project to other areas and projects as a
contribution to a higher level domain map of learning as a whole, where possible indicating
any missing elements that require further elaboration.
o Evaluate the programme outcomes against the programme aims, objectives and assumptions.
The emphasis here is to evaluate the programme as whole, rather than the individual projects
that it funded.
o Work with key stakeholders and the community to identify most useful outputs from the six
projects. Key stakeholders and community include:
a. JISC (though Programme Manager)
b. The e-Framework
c. Original Reference Model Projects
d. New Domain Model Projects
e. Appropriate CETIS SIGs
f. Interested commercial parties
16. Phase 3: Contribute SUMs to the e-Framework
Working in collaboration with the e-Framework Editor:
o from the collated Services and SUMs, select those that are appropriate for inclusion in the e-
o enter the relevant Service and SUM information into the e-Framework, with cross-links back to
the project web sites.
17. Phase 4: Identify and Recommend
o Identify and document recommendations for future Domain Maps activity and other projects
building on the work of the six projects.
o Identify gaps, pinch-points, bottle necks and problem areas that are amenable to Domain
Maps type analysis and a service-oriented architectural solution.
o Identify areas that are candidates for developing technical interoperability specifications.
18. Expected outputs to include:
• Collation of the approaches and outputs from the six DeL Reference Model Projects into a
preserved collection that can be browsed with high degree of openness and ease of access.
This could be through a section of the JISC website.
• Feedback recommendations on approaches used by Reference Models to current set of
Domain Maps projects.
• Advice and Guidance document aimed at institutions and stakeholders on how to use Domain
Maps to support the design, development and implementation of an ICT system to support the
delivery of Learning & Teaching.
• Synthesis of work undertaken to date into a coherent accessible whole for wider
dissemination, including an integrated contribution, drawn form the projects, to a higher level
domain map for learning and which can also be used as a navigation tool to the projects in the
preservation web site.
• Evaluation of the outcome of the programme against its aims, objectives and assumptions.
• Recommendations to JISC
o Value of Domain model approach
o On further development activity
19. Any information gathered during the course of the survey and not already in the public domain is
deemed to be the property of HEFCE on behalf of JISC. The information provided in the report,
and the rights to all other output, shall become HEFCE property.
20. It is intended that the contract for the survey will be awarded to allow for a start date of 1st May
2007. A draft of the final report should be submitted to the JISC Executive for comment by 3
October 2007. The final report should be delivered by 12 noon on 31st October 2007, at the
21. Between £30,000 and £40,000 is available for this work. This funding includes any applicable
VAT and related travel and subsistence.
Evaluation Criteria for Bids
22. Proposals will be evaluated against the following criteria:
• Relevant knowledge and experience of service-oriented architecture, as well as an
understanding of institutional IT requirements in UK further and higher education (25%).
• Availability to carry out the work within the required time and an evaluation of the risks to
successful completion of the work (15%).
• Quality and feasibility of work plan including a breakdown of how resources are to be used
against project outcomes/activities and a project time line for main project
• Experience in fluent, concise, readable report writing for senior managers in further and
higher education (25%).
• Value for money (15%)
23. A guide to bidding for JISC projects can be found at: http://www.jisc.ac.uk/bidguide.html.
24. Projects will be expected to follow JISC’s Project Management Guidelines (http://www.jisc.ac.uk/
proj_manguide.html), including adherence to good project management practices, regular
reporting and participation of projects in steering committees.
25. The tender proposals should clearly identify:
• Previous relevant experience;
• Analysis of risks to successful completion of the consultancy;
• The proposed methodology/methodologies to be used;
• A work plan with milestones and deliverables;
• The basis on which the fee would be calculated;
• The staff to be used in the main areas of work and where management responsibility for the
project will rest;
• A single point of contact for all correspondence relating to the project should be provided
with full contact details.
26. Proposals of no more than 5 single-sided A4 sheets, typeset in Arial or a similar font at no less
than 10pt size, should be emailed, with the header ‘Synthesis and Evaluation of Reference
Models’ in Word or Rich Text format to Georgia Slade (firstname.lastname@example.org) no later than 12 noon
on Monday 19 March 2007. It is the responsibility of the bidder to ensure that the email has
arrived by the deadline. Proposals should also be accompanied by a completed cover sheet (see
appendix A) in addition to the 5 page limit. CVs may be attached as appendices to the 5 page
proposal and should be no longer than 2 sides of A4 each.
27. Electronic copies MUST be received by the deadline which will be strictly adhered to. Faxed or
late proposals in hard copy format will NOT be accepted.
28. If the bid exceeds the page limit guidance, evaluators will be advised to disregard information
provided beyond the indicated page limit.
29. The JISC reserves the right not to select any bids.
30. All enquiries regarding this invitation to tender should be sent to Heather Williamson, Programme
Manager (email: email@example.com ).
Cover sheet for proposals (All sections must JISC ITT: Synthesis and Evaluation of
be completed) Reference Models
Name of institution/organisation
Project partners (if applicable)
Full contact details for primary contact
Length of Project
Project Start & End Dates
Total Funding Requested from JISC