Business-Economic Research Challenges
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Business-Economic Research Challenges Presentation Transcript

  • 1. The ISU Grand Challenge and the SOA Aspects in the EI Research Roadmap Man-Sze Li IC Focus msli@icfocus.co.uk
  • 2. Background: State of the Art in EI • Enterprise business relations – increasing cooperation • Frameworks • Sector specific specifications • Service oriented computing and service oriented architectures - Web services, Grid services, and P2P services • Commercial middleware solutions • Semantic web services • Domain ontology • Modelling and notation languages • Enterprise modelling • Trust and contract management EC DG INFSO Enterprise Interoperability Cluster Workshop on SOA 8 January 2007, Brussels 2
  • 3. Background: Processes Value Customisation Make-to-order Maintenance Distribution & Delivery Assembly Manufacturing Raw material production Time Historically, as processes become mechanised, their value decreases. Enterprises reap competitive advantage by moving up the stack and allocating resources to high-value processes. EC DG INFSO Enterprise Interoperability Cluster Workshop on SOA 8 January 2007, Brussels 3
  • 4. Background: Sharing & Innovation Proprietary Proprietary Proprietary Proprietary Asset Asset Asset Asset Enterprise A Enterprise B Ecosystem A Ecosystem B Shared Asset Shared Asset More & more IT capabilities will increasing become the context for business, not the core value for business Enterprises as nodes in innovation ecosystems EC DG INFSO Enterprise Interoperability Cluster Workshop on SOA 8 January 2007, Brussels 4
  • 5. Background: Information “Big Bang” Quoted by Abhijit Deshmukh, NSF, International Consultation Workshop on EI Research, 21 March 06, Bordeaux EC DG INFSO Enterprise Interoperability Cluster Workshop on SOA 8 January 2007, Brussels 5
  • 6. Interoperability Service Utility (ISU) • Interoperability as a – utility-like capability for enterprises – a public good • ISU as a basic infrastructure that supports – information exchange between knowledge sources, software applications and Web services – a new generation of self-* services and e-business services – connection between islands of interoperability – especially SMEs and start-up companies • ISU is independent of, rather than an extension to, EI solutions on the market EC DG INFSO Enterprise Interoperability Cluster Workshop on SOA 8 January 2007, Brussels 6
  • 7. ISU Infrastructure A basic information infrastructure that • Has information objects, ontologies, and metadata repositories as its core • Provides and guarantees basic information exchange over the Internet and the Web • Provides transparent semantic reconciliation • Is able to handle payload and message flow with a pre-defined level of quality of service EC DG INFSO Enterprise Interoperability Cluster Workshop on SOA 8 January 2007, Brussels 7
  • 8. Potential ISU Services • Facilitate real-time information sharing and collaboration between enterprises • Enable a new generation of information-based applications with self-* properties • Support knowledge creation, management, and acquisition for knowledge sharing • Provide common e-business infrastructural capabilities • Support the next generation of e-business services EC DG INFSO Enterprise Interoperability Cluster Workshop on SOA 8 January 2007, Brussels 8
  • 9. Knowledge Oriented Collaboration Collaboration Knowledge for Key Enterprise Knowledge Sources Collaboration Benefits Enterprise internal experience from formal & informal sources Enterprise Core Competence Rapid and reliable Enterprise experience of current formation of collaborative & previous collaborations consortia to exploit product opportunities VO Formation Knowledge of potential & actual Knowledge partners, from previous collaborations and from ISUs Knowledge of collaboration Partner practices in industrial sector and Selection region from previous Knowledge Enhanced operational & collaborations and from ISUs strategic decision making in VOs, for enhanced competitiveness and Knowledge of Collaboration best profitability practice from ISUs VO Operations Management Knowledge ISU reliability knowledge from ISU accreditation EC DG INFSO Enterprise Interoperability Cluster Workshop on SOA 8 January 2007, Brussels 9
  • 10. Web Technologies for EI • EI Operating System enhancements to client-side applications − To develop solutions that raise the value of services offered by enterprises on the web platform, through more powerful technological capability of the software applications that they use • Mash-up technology solutions for EI − To develop solutions characterised by the use of data and content available on the web, allowing enterprises to enhance existing services or offer new services where a part of the value added results from the use of this diverse data and content available on the web • Web Service Logic Execution Environment (SLEE) for EI − To develop solutions enabling enterprises to request the execution of functions by remote web platform resources • Web community solutions for EI − To develop solutions enabling enterprises to operate with others in subnets by using the web as a platform, while being assured that their intellectual property, knowledge, and the value that is created can be fully appropriated by the transacting entities EC DG INFSO Enterprise Interoperability Cluster Workshop on SOA 8 January 2007, Brussels 10
  • 11. Example Research Challenges • Semantics and ontologies • Run time aspects of business processes • Service discovery, brokering, negotiation and mediation • Non functional aspects • Role and context based privacy • Intelligent supply chain processes • Policy research challenges such as – implementation of e-commerce legislations – regulation of trusted certification authorities – exchange of data across national borders EC DG INFSO Enterprise Interoperability Cluster Workshop on SOA 8 January 2007, Brussels 11
  • 12. ISU Design • Premise: IT functionalities will be delivered as services that may reside anywhere and be invoked anytime >> functional decentralisation, P2P communication, intelligent end-points • Leverage open standards and specifications >> modular software building blocks >> exchange of information and knowledge that is meaningful to computers • Transparency – “what goes in is what comes out” >> addition of new services without changing the core • A predictable and uniform environment for message transactions >> definition of “minimum circumstances” and guarantee for transactions • A system of systems >> stable and reliable information propagation across multiple systems to end-points >> inter-working with and transitioning from existing systems EC DG INFSO Enterprise Interoperability Cluster Workshop on SOA 8 January 2007, Brussels 12
  • 13. ISU Business Case, Ownership, Regulation • How can enterprise interoperability be sold as a utility, rather than as an adjunct to a commercial offering? • What would be a viable pricing model for technical functionality delivered as services? • Who would be the business partners? • What kind of partnership arrangements would be appropriate? • Who would (should) own and/or operate the ISU? • What would be the precise scope of operation and geographic coverage? • What would be the appropriate governance model • How should this model be decided upon, and by whom? • What would be the legal status? • Would it be appropriate to allow for and even foster competing ISUs? • How would the ISU be regulated and by whom? EC DG INFSO Enterprise Interoperability Cluster Workshop on SOA 8 January 2007, Brussels 13
  • 14. Indicative Technical Research Challenges in EI domain • Enterprise (business/knowledge) • ICT systems and Architecture & Platform • Methodology • Semantics and Ontology • Generic Modelling EC DG INFSO Enterprise Interoperability Cluster Workshop on SOA 8 January 2007, Brussels 14
  • 15. ICT Systems and Architecture & Platform Research Challenges • Interoperability at ICT Systems level is the ability of an enterprise’s ICT systems to cooperate with those of other, external organisations • ICT solutions that allow an enterprise to operate, make decisions, exchange information within and outside its boundaries • Interoperation between enterprise resources • Supply of information through inter- and intra-system communication to enable cooperation between humans, machines and software programs • Overall execution of the enterprise application orchestrated by the business process model identified in the enterprise view and formally (unambiguously) represented and stored in the ICT view – “Software applications have demonstrated lately that they are becoming a critical source of rigidity, both internally and externally” – Promising technologies: software component approach, Web Services (WSDL), enhanced search engines EC DG INFSO Enterprise Interoperability Cluster Workshop on SOA 8 January 2007, Brussels 15
  • 16. T2.1.2 Monitoring and Redesign of T2.1 - Run time Business Processes T2.1.1 Cross- aspects of T2.1.3 Decentralized organizational Business Processes Governance of Business Process Execution Business Processes T2.2.4 Observation & Validation of Collaborations between Business Processes and Services T2.2.1 Service description T2.2 - Service T2.2.3 Service composition discovery, T2.2.6 Automatic Service brokering, negotiation Composition & mediation T2.2.2 Models and Metamodels for Service-Oriented Architectures T2.2.5 Service Discovery T2.3.1 Non-Functional Aspects in T2.3 - Non functional Interoperability T2.3.2 Usability of the EI Aspects solutions T2.4.1 Autonomous Architectures (Agents, T2.4.4 Grid-based enterprise P2P) interoperability T2.4.2 Repositories and Persistence Services T2.4.5 Adaptive & self-adaptive. systems T2.4.3. Terminal Interoperability T2.4 Infrastructures & Services T2.4.7 Networked Business Support through information T2.4.6 Interoperability to support exchange and sharing Ambient Intelligent applications EC DG INFSO Enterprise Interoperability Cluster Workshop on SOA 8 January 2007, Brussels 16 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010
  • 17. Question 1: What is the problem? Question 2: How is it going to be solved, and by who? Question 3: Is SOA the future?