SECURITY INTELLIGENCE AGENCY
Exhibition of symbols and equipment of the intelligence community
in the Republic of Croatia
(1991 – 2008)
Knin Museum – Gallery – August 5, 2008
In the 18 years of the Republic of Croatia’s independence and its very turbulent times,
intelligence community emerged and was developing constantly, breaking new ground after
the Law on Security Intelligence System was adopted in June 2006, and taking direction
toward the Euro-Atlantic integrations, which at the same time is also the Republic of Croatia‘s
By carrying out our everyday tasks, we have tried to adjust to turbulent developments,
experiencing them as incentive for more efficient operating. We have been adjusting to the
needs of people by participating in a series of actions, through which we have proved our
loyalty and serving to the Croatian people and all the citizens of the Republic of Croatia.
The body responsible for the national security was the Office for the Protection of the
Constitutional Order (UZUP), founded following the decision of the President of the
Republic on May 27, 1991. The UZUP ceased to operate on March 21, 1993, when the
National Security Office was established following the decision of the President of the
The nucleus of the then intelligence community consisted of four services engaged in
intelligence and counterintelligence activities:
•Croatian Intelligence Service (HIS);
•Service for the Protection of the Constitutional Order within the Ministry of Interior (SZUP);
•Security Intelligence Service within the Croatian Ministry of Defence (SIS);
•Directorate of the Intelligence Affairs of the Croatian Armed Forces Headquarters (ObU
Their contribution to the Homeland War and defence against the Serb aggression
and the JNA (Yugoslav National Army) is priceless and immeasurable. Extremely important
was also their role played in all significant liberating operations during the Homeland War –
from the liberation of Dubrovnik and the operations of Maslenica, Flash and Storm, to the
process of the peaceful re-integration of the Croatian Danube Region.
The Service’s employees used to work in extremely hard conditions during that time,
exposed to death but ready to give their lives for their homeland at any moment. Most of them
are even today proving their knowledge, skills and patriotism through their everyday devoted
work with the Security Intelligence Agency.
During the intelligence system evolution, the year 2002 should also be mentioned. In that year
the Croatian Parliament adopted the Law on Security Services in the RoC, as well as the
Strategy on National Security. Pursuant to that Law the following three services were
•Intelligence Agency (OA),
•Counterintelligence Agency (POA),
• Military Security Agency (VSA);
The RoC security intelligence system went again through reforms in mid-2006 when
the Law on Security Intelligence System was adopted. Pursuant to that Law two security
services were founded:
•Security Intelligence Agency (SOA);
• Military Security Intelligence Agency (VSOA);
Today the Republic of Croatia is facing new challenges and the admission to the Euro-
Atlantic integrations is conditioned by certain adjustments and appropriate development.
Therefore, as a constituent part of the RoC security community, SOA is becoming a modern
Agency, trying to give its contribution to the provision of a higher security level in the
Republic of Croatia by carrying out activities within its responsibilities, as well as collecting
data and following all the phenomena which might endanger the national interest and
territorial integrity of the Republic of Croatia.
The Agency’s operating and managing has been monitored according to the principles
of the parliamentary democracy, orienting its development toward a modern and dynamic
structure and using adequate information methods and technologies. In that context, about a
month ago SOA launched its Internet site, thus presenting its work and offering to all those
interested a closer look at the comprehensive data about the Agency itself, its organization,
history, sphere of work and authorities.
By organizing the exhibition of symbols, medals, medallions and technical means we
would like, for the first time, to present the period from the moment the intelligence community
was established in the RoC, its role in the Homeland War and up to these days.
We are convinced that through this exhibition, organized jointly with the RoC Ministry
of Defence, we will lend solemnity to the ceremony of marking the Victory and Homeland
Gratitude Day taking place in Knin on August 5, 2008.