Multiple Choice Questions
The Primary Markets
1. The sale of a new issue of common stock of which there are already
shares publicly held is known as:
a. an IPO.
b. a secondary market issue.
c. an EPO.
d. a seasoned new issue.
2. In an underwriting arrangement, the risk is assumed by the:
a. issuer of the security
b. investment bankers
c. commercial bankers
d. institutional investors
3. The ___________ summarizes information about a new security issue.
a. syndicate offer
d. shelf rule
Chapter Four 38
4. Investment bankers are compensated by:
a. the underwriting spread
b. commissions paid by the buyers of the security
c. commission paid by the sellers of the security
d. guaranteed investment contracts
5. A major appeal for U.S. firms selling bonds in the Euro market is:
a. less regulation than in the U.S.
b. lower bond yields than in the U.S.
c. less competition than in the U.S.
d. less price volatility than in the U.S.
6. A major advantage of private placements over public offerings is:
a. greater marketability
b. lower interest cost
c. elimination of SEC registration
d. all of the above
7. The shelf rule
a. became effective in 1933
b. involves securities that are placed directly with financial institutions
c. permits qualified companies to file a short form registration
d. involves dealer procedures in the OTC market
8. Investment bankers operate in the:
a. primary market
b. secondary market
c. third market
d. fourth market
Chapter Four 39
The Secondary Markets
9. NASDAQ stocks:
a. are generally foreign stocks.
b. trade via the Blue Sheets.
c. are not generally listed on organized exchanges.
d. represent less than 1,000 companies.
10. Which exchange member is assigned to a specific trading post?
a. Commission broker
b. Floor trader
11. Most of the members on the NYSE are associated with:
a. investment banks
b. commercial banks
c. the SEC
d. stockbrokerage firms
12. The NYSE is now a:
a. not-for-profit corporation.
b. a quasi-federal agency.
c. a publicly-owned company.
d. a multinational company.
Chapter Four 40
13. A block trade is defined as a transaction involving at least:
a. 1,000 shares
b. 5,000 shares
c. 10,000 shares
d. 1 million share
14. A type of trading involving a basket of 15 stocks or more and often
used in conjunction with arbitrage strategies is called:
b. program trading
c. day trading
d. insider trading
15. Which of the following is not true regarding the Amex?
a. It, like the NYSE, is a specialist-based system.
b. It trades only listed stocks and ETFs.
c. Its listing requirements are less stringent than the NYSE.
d. All of the above are true.
16. Which of the following statements regarding the Nasdaq Stock Market
is not true?
a. It was less affected by the 2000-2002 market decline than the NYSE.
b. NASDAQ dealers make a market by standing ready to buy and sell
c. Stocks listed on the NYSE may also trade on NASDAQ.
d. NASDAQ’s electronic trading system provides instantaneous
Chapter Four 41
17. A computerized trading network that matches buy and sell orders
electronically entered by customers is a:
a. National Markets System
b. Electronic Communications Networks
c. Internet Investment Service
d. Global Investment Network
18. The original electronic network, started in 1969, only for brokers,
dealers, exchange specialists and institutional investors is known as:
b. National Market System
c. OTC Worldwide
19. NASDAQ's new high-capacity trading platform is called the:
a. NMS Center.
b. NASDAQ Market Center.
c. NASDAQ ECN.
d. NASDAQ Instinet.
20. Some OTC stocks are traded through the:
a. Blue Sheets.
b. Red Sheets.
c. Pink Sheets
d. Green Sheets.
Chapter Four 42
21. The fastest growing region in the world is:
a. Western Europe.
b. Latin America.
c. Eastern Europe.
d. the Far East.
22. Which of the following statements about the NYSE is true?
a. Over 10,000 companies are listed on the NYSE.
b. Specialists account for over 50 percent of the seats on the NYSE.
c. The NYSE is the oldest and most prominent secondary market in the
d. Institutional investors do not trade on the NYSE
23. Europe's leading cross border exchange is the:
a. Deutsche Boerse.
c. London Stock Exchange.
24. In-house trading refers to:
a. trades made only on the floor of the exchanges
b. direct trades made between OTC dealers
c. trades by fund managers without the use of brokers or exchanges
d. trades made between specialists on the NYSE
Chapter Four 43
25. The price that some seller is trying to sell a stock for is known at the:
a. the bid quote.
b. the ask quote.
c. the closing price.
d. the specialist price.
26. On a volume basis, NMS issues account for _________ percent of all
Stock Market Indexes
27. The Dow-Jones Industrial Average is composed of:
a. OTC stocks
b. cyclical stock
c. blue-chip stocks
d. defensive stocks
28. A criticism of the Dow-Jones Industrial Average (DJIA) is:
a. it has too few stocks in the average
b. it is a value weighted method
c. it adjusts for even small stock dividends
d. it includes too many risky stocks
Chapter Four 44
29. A major difference between the Standard & Poor’s 500 Index (S&P)
and the Dow-Jones Industrial Average (DJIA) is that:
a. the S&P 500 is more dominated by OTC stocks than the DJIA.
b. the S&P 500 is more difficult to calculate than the DJIA.
c. the S&P 500 is a market value index and the DJIA is no.
d. the S&P 500 is more stable than the DJIA.
30. Which of the following limits the usefulness of the S&P 500 Index as
a market benchmark?
a. It is too weighted with NYSE stocks to be representative.
b. It is too difficult to calculate for the average investor.
c. Its use of a base year in its calculations affects its performance.
d. Its performance can be greatly affected by a small number of stocks.
31. A capitalization-weighted index obtains the current market value of
each stock by:
a. using the closing market price.
b. multiplying price times shares outstanding.
c. multiplying price times daily volume.
d. dividing earnings by shares outstanding.
32. Most secondary bond trading takes place on:
a. the NYSE
b. the American Stock Exchange
c. the OTC
d. the Philadelphia Exchange
Chapter Four 45
33. Treasury securities are bought and sold by the Federal Reserve in its:
a. foreign exchange operations
b. arbitrage operations
c. discount window operations
d. open market operations
34. Most corporate bonds are traded in round lots of at least ------------
35. The type of bonds with the thinnest secondary market is:
a. agency bonds
b. corporate bonds
c. Treasury bonds
d. municipal bonds
36. The open-outcry system for trading securities is utilized in the:
a. futures market
b. municipal bond market
c. Treasury bond market
d. options market
Chapter Four 46
The Primary Markets
1. Investment bankers protect themselves during underwriting arrangements by
incorporating themselves and thus reducing liability.
2. U.S. firms with foreign operations can raise foreign currency in the form of
Euros by directly selling bonds in the Euro market.
3. In private placements, new securities issues are sold directly to financial
4. In the NYSE market, stocks are bought and sold from specialists, who are
called “market makers.”
The Secondary Markets
5. There are approximately 2,700 companies listed on the NYSE.
6. Smaller companies with fewer shares publicly held are more likely to meet the
listing requirements of the NYSE.
7. Prices of stocks traded on the NYSE are determined through supply and
(T, moderate )
Chapter Four 47
8. Orders on Nasdaq come from market makers, ECNs and on-line brokers.
9. All OTC stocks are included in the Nasdaq.
10. By 2005, program trading accounted for over 70 percent of total NYSE
11. ECNs offer the advantages of automation, lower costs and anonymity to its
12. Normal stock exchange hours are 9:30 a.m. to 4 p.m.
Stock Market Indexes
13. The Dow Jones averages handle stock splits by adjusting the market value of
14. A movement of 30 points in the DJIA results in an average movement in the
DJIA stocks of about 13 cents.
Chapter Four 48
1. What is the difference between a seasoned new issue and an initial public
Answer: A seasoned new issue is the sale of a publicly traded company
while an IPO represents the first time an issuer has sold securities.
2. What are the major advantages of a private placement for the issuer of
Answer: The issuer avoids SEC registration, which saves time. In addition,
investment banker fees are normally avoided, since they are not
typically used in private placements.
3. What are the major similarities and differences between a specialist and a
Answer: Both have their own inventory of selected securities and both can
make a profit (or loss) from the trades made from their own inventory.
However, the specialist does not set the security’s price as the dealer
does. In addition, the specialist operates on the exchanges while the
dealer operates on the OTC market.
4. What factors does the NYSE consider important in determining if a company
should be listed on the exchange?
Answer: The exchange pays close attention to the degree of national interest in
the company, its relative position and stability in the industry, and its
prospects for maintaining relative position.
Chapter Four 49
5. What is the Nasdaq National Market System?
Answer: The Nasdaq/NMS, which is a component of the Nasdaq market, is a
combination of the competing market makers in OTC stocks and the
up- to-the-minute reporting of trades.
6. What are the four Dow Jones averages?
Answer: The Dow-Jones Industrial Average, the Dow-Jones Transportation
Average, the Dow-Jones Utility Average and the Dow-Jones
7. What is the difference between a price-weighted index and a market-value
Answer: A price-weighted series gives more weight to higher priced stocks
whereas under a market value approach, each stock’s importance is
based on relative total market value, not price per share.
8. Why do the DJIA and the S&P 500 have a high correlation?
Answer: Because both are calculated primarily using NYSE stocks.
9. What is Instinet and what does it offer for investors?
Answer: It is the original electronic trading network and offers anonymous
trading and access to more than 40 equity markets worldwide.
Chapter Four 50
Critical Thinking/Essay Questions
1. How do you think the globalization of the securities markets will impact on
the NYSE and the Nasdaq? What specific developments do you foresee
happening soon for the global marketplace?
Answer: There will be a higher correlation between international markets and
international developments, such as the Asian crisis, will have a
greater impact on the NYSE and the Nasdaq than in times past. Soon,
investors will have greater access to the global marketplace and will
be able to trade foreign securities much easier. This will increase the
overall volume of securities trading.
2. What impact does the increasing amount of institutional investing have on
securities markets today and what role do you think institutional investors will
play in the future?
Answer: Institutional investors definitely increase the volume of trading and
volatility of the market. Since many institutional investors, especially
the fund managers, are judged on short-term performance, they are
more likely to get in and out of positions in order to bolster their
return. They provide a great deal of information to individual
investors, often free. They are likely to continue to dominant certain
sectors of the market, such as the IPOs.
1. Global Stock Index is a value weighted index with just 2 stocks in the index:
ABC stock and XYZ stock.
ABC ended 2005 at a price of $55 and had 1 million shares outstanding. XYZ
stock ended 2005 at a price of $32 and had 4 million shares outstanding.
ABC ended 2006 at a price of $29 (after a 2-for-1 split). XYZ stock closed at
$35 for 2006.
Calculate the new value of the index.
Solution: 2005 stock price X #shares Market value
ABC $55 1 million = $55,000,000
XYZ $32 4 million = 128,000,000
Chapter Four 51
2006 stock price X #shares Market value
ABC $29 2 million = $58,000,000
XYZ $35 4 million = 140,000,000
New value of index: 198,000,000
183,000,000 X 100 = 1.082 X 100 = 108.2
Chapter Four 52